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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.


A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 218: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by chunjuwu on 04 Jan 2005, 09:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Sep 2018, 04:12, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’
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Originally posted by daagh on 10 Feb 2011, 09:24.
Last edited by daagh on 11 Feb 2011, 18:04, edited 1 time in total.
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QOTD: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2018, 06:37
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A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

There are a couple of small problems with (A). First, we have a subject-verb agreement issue at the beginning of the underlined portion, but it’s a little bit tricky: “the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is part of 15 years effort…” You could argue that the phrase “that is part” modifies the singular noun “one of the many new satellites”, but I don’t think that’s quite right: ALL of the satellites ARE part of the effort, so we need a plural verb.

And then we have some minor idiom issues. For starters, the phrase “15 years effort” isn’t quite right. I guess it would be better if “years” was possessive, but even then, it’s odd. And it would make much more sense to call it a “15-year effort.”

Plus, it also makes more sense to say “an effort to subject the interactions… to scrutiny”, not “an effort of subjecting…”

So we have lots of reasons to ditch (A).

Quote:
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

(B) has a similar subject-verb agreement problem as (A): “…one of the many satellites, which is part of…” Again, that doesn’t make much sense, since ALL of the satellites are part of the effort, so we need a plural verb.

And this is a very minor thing, but I don’t love the use of “which” here in general. Modifiers beginning with “which” are non-essential modifiers, meaning that the modifier isn’t strictly necessary for us to grasp the meaning of the sentence. But I think we DO need the modifier (“that are part of a 15-year effort…”) in order to understand exactly which satellites we’re talking about.

I don’t think that the difference between “which” (non-essential modifier) and “that” (essential modifier) has ever been the deciding factor on an official SC question, but it gives us an extra reason to get rid of (B).

Quote:
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

As in (B), there’s a subtle problem with a non-essential modifier: “…one of the many new satellites, part of 15 years effort…” That’s not WRONG, exactly, but it turns the description of the satellites into an incidental, non-essential modifier. It makes more sense to say “… one of the many new satellites THAT are part of a 15-year effort…”

And just like in (A), we have that goofy little phrases “15 years effort” and “effort of subjecting.” See the explanation of (A) for more on these two issues.

Finally, there’s no good reason for the verb tense at the end of the underlined portion: “are interacting” (present progressive tense, if you’re a fan of grammar jargon) emphasizes the fact that the interactions are happening right now, and there’s no real reason to do that. As we’ll see in a moment, there are more elegant ways to phrase this without using an unnecessarily complex verb tense.

So (C) is out.

Let’s line up the last two side-by-side to make it easier to see the differences:

Quote:
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

There aren’t tons of differences between these last two. In (D), we have “an effort for 15 years”, and that’s nowhere near as elegant as the phrase used in (E), “a 15-year effort.” That’s not a dealbreaker, but it gives us a small reason to prefer (E).

But the other issue is the way the end of the underlined portion is phrased. Let’s strip these down a bit:

    (D) “… an effort… that has subjected the interactions… to scrutiny from space.”
    (E) “… an effort… to subject the interactions… to scrutiny from space.”

I think we’d all agree that (E) is more clear and succinct than (D) in this part of the sentence. It’s not that (D) is necessarily WRONG, but we have two decent reasons to think that (E) is better than (D). So (E) is our answer.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2005, 21:43
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It should be E.
Relative pronoun "that" should refer to closest noun "satellites" which is plural. A and B are out. C is NOT an absolute phrase. It has conjugated verb "are interacting" so it is a clause but with no subject or relative pronoun referring to the subject at hand. Furthermore, it is very awkwardly written. D, "part of an effort for 15 years" is grammatically wrong.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2005, 14:24
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Must be (E)
The rule is: "one of [plurals] that [plural-verb]..."
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 00:27
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B is wrong because it changes the meaning. "Is" is correct. Because "is" here refers to "one of the many." one is singular. But this is the very fact why it is wrong cuz it changes the meaning. It is not wrong because it doesn't agree with verb. "Which" does not have to refer to satellites. In fact, I there are two examples in the Brutal SC that applying this "rule" will give you a wrong answer.

A is the only one that has the subject/verb agreement wrong.

B says (correctly): Of all the satellites, the AM-1 is the one that is part of the 15 years... (Only the AM-1 is part of the effort of subjecting. the other ones are NOT)

E says: The AM-1 is one of many satellites that are ALL part of the the 15 years... (This is what the stem is trying to say but it used "is" instead of "Are" which is wrong.)

Gurus please comment.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2011, 09:37
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A,B and C are straight away out because of subject-verb disagreement. 'That' refers to satellites and D and E properly uses plural verb 'are' instead of 'is'.

15-Year effort is simple and concise than 'effort for 15 years'. Also in D 'that' wrongly refers to 15 Years. Hence E is the right answer.

Hope this helps. Thank You.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2012, 01:21
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This is the general rule:
One of the 'Noun' (will always be plural) + that/who + Plural Verb
e.g. This is one of the questions that are incorrect
vs
One of the 'Noun‘ (will always be plural) + Singular Verb
e.g. One of the chairs is broken
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2012, 23:28
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The pith is whether the main verb is singular or plural; we may now see the emphasis and the utility of the definite article- the -in the context. The article –the- after the preposition-of- indicates that the clause is trying to focus on those many satellites rather than the singular AM-1. The restrictive pronoun that is also handy to heighten this focus and eventfully lead to the plural verb - are. – . In other words, all the satellites are part of the project and not just the AM-1 alone.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces ---- verb is singular; wrong. Years of subjecting is unidiomatic

B. satellites,which are a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact ---' to subject how' changes the meaning; wrong
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting ------ 15 years should be marked with an apostrophe to mark possession; wrong.

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces – 15 years that has subjected is wrong reference of that

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactionsof Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces --- Correct

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2013, 19:34
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’



I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2013, 01:03
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mohnish104 wrote:
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’



I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?


Hello mohnish

Interesting question :) You say Earth's ocean when you want to refer to the continuous body of salt water that covers 72 percent of the Earth's surface. If you say Earth's oceans, you imply the number of divisions of the ocean, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic oceans. This question, however, just wants to imply the interaction, in general, of Earth's ocean - body of salt water to detailed scrutiny from space. It does not matter which division is.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2014, 07:35
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That's right. You need "are".

Let's take an example:
He is one of the few friends who has/have helped me.

"He" and "is" are in agreement.

Note that the sentence doesn't say, "He is THE one" to suggest that only he has helped me. In the "one of X" construction, X must be plural (you can select one from many, not from one).
So let's write this part as: He is one of them.

On to the second part. This part can be written thus: A few friends HAVE helped me.

The original sentence is saying:
A few friends have helped me.
He is one of them.

When you combine the two, "them" becomes "the few friends who HAVE helped me".

Whenever you notice the definite article "the"--before "friends" (and before "satellites" in the question)--take it as a hint and deconstruct the sentence as shown above. Then applying subject-verb agreement becomes easy.


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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 03:04
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter,
the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites
that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of
Earth’s atmosphere,
oceans, and
land surfaces

to detailed scrutiny
from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

1. The interactions of X is subjected to Y.
1.a. effort of subjecting Vs effort to subject. Q: Whats the intention to the 15-year effort? to subject the interactions of X to Y

2. 2/3 slpit Is Vs Are: Which one to go for?
Text post the satellites is describing "satellites" and not AM-1. AM-1 has already been well introduced in the starting of the sentence.Now the many new satellites need to be explained to justify their purpose.So Are is req. A,B are out.

3. an effort for 15 yrs Vs a 15-years effort. Later sounds more correct. A,C,D r out.
A valuable note from "daagh".
First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 21:42
The point to not here is that whenever the restrictive ‘that’ intervenes in a construction, it refers to the noun that is just before( in 99% percent of the cases); here in this case ‘that’ refers to the satellites only. Although, the relative pronoun ‘which’ has some flexibility to modify a noun farther before when critical mission modifiers are involved, that occurrence is more an exception than a rule.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces --- satellites that is part is SV error

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact --- satellites, which is a part – fouling of relative pronoun touch rule; also ‘to subject how certain things interact’ changes the original meaning of ‘to subject the interactions’

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting -- of subjecting is unidiomatic since there is an intention inherent is the task; 15 years effort should be 15 years' effort

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces --- for 15 years that has subjected – This is SV error and change of meaning


E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land
surfaces ----- correct choice. A 15-year old is the correct idiomatic expression and the infinitive ‘to subject’ fits in smugly with the context of an inherent intention
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 12:23
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D :(

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 13:12
hellosanthosh2k2 wrote:
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D :(

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks




Hello hellosanthosh2k2,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt or not, but here is the explanation anyways. :-)


Choice D has a very prominent error. The noun modifier that modifies the preceding entity 15 years. This modification is absolutely non-sensical because 15 years has not subjected anyone to anything.


Now let's talk about Choice E. There is no issue with the usage of to subject in this choice.

The sentence intends to say that some satellites are part of a 15-year effort. What is the purpose of this effort? The purpose is to subject or bring the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

Hence, use of to subject to present the purpose of an action is absolutely correct.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 13:26
Drishti Bathija wrote:
Why not B?




Hello drishti Bathija,


I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


Choice B has a couple of errors.

i. Use of singular verb is after which suggests that the noun modifier which modifies one of the many new satellites. This modification does not make sense because the AM-1 is not the only satellite involved in the said effort. It is just one of the satellites.

Hence, we need the noun modifier to modify the many new satellites as all these satellites are part of the effort.

ii. The correct expression is to subject A to B. Use of how after to subject in this choice is incorrect.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: QOTD: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2018, 10:19
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
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Re: QOTD: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 &nbs [#permalink] 08 Feb 2018, 10:19
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