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Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers

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Joined: 02 Mar 2017
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Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 10:59
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Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers were less likely to be killed in road accidents. Hence, it was initially believed that wearing a seat-belt increased survival chances in an accident. But what the early analysts had failed to see was that cautious drivers were more likely to wear the belts and were also less likely to cause "big accidents", while reckless drivers were more likely to be involved in "big" accidents and were less likely to wear the belts.

Which of the following, if true, could an opponent of the view presented above best cite as a reason for recommending continued use of seat-belts?

A. Careful drivers who are involved in accidents caused by reckless drivers, would be more likely to survive if wearing a belt
B. All drivers should be required by law to wear a belt
C. The ratio of "big" to "small" road accidents is very small
D. In fatal accidents seat-belt wearers in the front seat are less likely to survive than those wearing seat belts in the back seat
E. On average, careful drivers pay lower insurance premiums than do drivers who have been involved in accidents.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 23:16
Question Type: Support to wear seat belts.

Argument: Early analysts view - Seat belts did not help save lives because recklessness caused the deaths.

A. Careful drivers who are involved in accidents caused by reckless drivers, would be more likely to survive if wearing a belt - Correct. Conveys that the seat belts are helpful.

B. All drivers should be required by law to wear a belt - Incorrect. Irrelevant

C. The ratio of "big" to "small" road accidents is very small - Incorrect. Out of scope.

D. In fatal accidents seat-belt wearers in the front seat are less likely to survive than those wearing seat belts in the back seat - Incorrect. Front vs back seat passenger survival is not the issue here. Irrelevant.

E. On average, careful drivers pay lower insurance premiums than do drivers who have been involved in accidents. - Incorrect. Out of scope.

Answer: A
Re: Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2017, 23:16
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Early data on seat-belt use showed that seat-belt wearers

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