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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major

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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Jan 2018, 22:16
1
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A
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 34
Page: 642

Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Originally posted by nakib77 on 29 Oct 2005, 04:55.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Jan 2018, 22:16, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2005, 04:58
D for the proper S-V agreement and the active voice.
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New post 29 Oct 2005, 20:47
D is good.
Classical Subject- Verb agreement problem. "Efforts" is plural and hence needs "have".
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New post 29 Oct 2005, 22:44
D it is.

Efforts ... have. Subject-Verb agreement.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2005, 05:07
"Efforts" is plural, and so (A), (B), and (C) are out.

(E) distorts the meaning of the original sentence.

(D) is the best answer.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2007, 07:28
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
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New post 11 Jul 2007, 07:37
Could you post all the answer choices? Did you narrow down to just D and E? In that case, I think I like D better than E. E is kind of wordy and awkward. What is the OA?
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2007, 17:58
The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please!
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New post 11 Jul 2007, 18:20
[quote="bmwhype2"]The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please![/quote

1. E is wordy whereas D is short and concise and conveys the meaning.
2. E uses passive voice whereas D uses active voice.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2007, 18:39
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bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing


I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes. :read
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New post 11 Jul 2007, 19:10
bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing


I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes. :read


Thanks for the explanation. I could have never thought of that one.
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New post 11 Jul 2007, 21:39
The passive voice in E is what makes it wrong. There may be something else, but the passive is too obvious...and E is just confusing in its agreement and modification of the subject of the sentence.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2011, 02:21
D; Passive vs Active; significantly reduced (Better) vs significant in a reduction
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2013, 12:03
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option A`s gaps existing and option D`s that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2013, 22:36
mun23 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option A`s gaps existing and option D`s that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?


Hi mun23,

The major difference between "gaps existing" and "gap that exists" is that (A) says gaps, which is plural and (D) says gap, which is singular. Second, the difference between "that" and "existing" is that one is a relative clause and other is a participle. But, both are modifying the preceding noun, "gaps" in (A) and gap in (D). Both of these modifying structures are conveying the same meaning.

Also note that this question is a good example of a case in which the correct answer changes the meaning slightly, but is still the correct choice because the other answer choices are grammatically incorrect.

Hope this helps,

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New post 11 Mar 2013, 00:09
1. the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts
2. the gap that exists between the richest and poorest districts

Both alternatives are grammatically correct. Option A is eliminated only due to usage of has .
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2013, 19:36
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2013, 17:51
nakib77 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing


s-v agreement, efforts plural so it has to take have

a,b,c are rejected
d,e are left out of them E changes meaning,
d is good

so answr: d
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2016, 00:30
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.


(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

I thought E is wrong for using "gaps" there is only 1 gap we are talking about between the richest and poorest districts.
Also E changes the meaning that efforts have not been significant. Slight change in meaning- efforts have not significantly reduced Y
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2018, 13:47
Easy to see this one.

Efforts = plural therefore plural verb is needed.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing - overly wordy and changes the meaning.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2018, 13:47

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