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Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective

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Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Sep 2017, 05:41
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A
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E

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Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective ways to curb childhood obesity. Recently, with this goal in mind, school officials have begun to replace high calorie sugary drinks in school vending machines with bottled water, unsweetened fruit juices, and sugar free sodas. Since students spend so much time in school, officials reason that removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the school officials’ plan?

(A) Unsweetened fruit juices contain more sugar than does bottled water.

(B) Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.

(C) Sugar free sodas contain artificial sweeteners that some medical officials link to headaches and other health concerns.

(D) Sugary snack foods comprise the majority of sales in school vending machines.

(E) The average school-aged child consumes two twenty-ounce sugary drinks every day.

Originally posted by bigfernhead on 27 Oct 2008, 12:33.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Sep 2017, 05:41, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2008, 13:49
I picked B because it directly targets and weakens the conclusion.

Conclusion: Since students spend so much time in school, officials reason that removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar.

B) Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.

D is also a good answer, but it doesn't address as well the claim that "students intake sugar is high because students spend so much time in school"

Takers?
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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2008, 14:02
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bigfernhead wrote:
I picked B because it directly targets and weakens the conclusion.

Conclusion: Since students spend so much time in school, officials reason that removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar.

B) Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.

D is also a good answer, but it doesn't address as well the claim that "students intake sugar is high because students spend so much time in school"

Takers?


Removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar.

Yes B weakens it, but look at D Majority of the stuff sold from VM is sugar based snacks and not the drinks. So students will keep buying the sugar based snacks and the non sugar drinks in atleast 51:49 ratio and that will NOT result in dramatic decrease.
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Re: Childhood Obesity  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2015, 20:43
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In this question, we need to weaken the argument in the premise

A- Unsweetened fruit juices contain more sugar than does bottled water.
Not relevant. We have to compare unsweetened juice with the sugary drinks
B- Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.
This would have been the case before the decision of replacement too. The time in consideration here is the time spent in the school.
C- Sugar free sodas contain artificial sweeteners that some medical officials link to headaches and other health concerns.
Irrelevant, we are concerned about the problem of obesity here
D- Sugary snack foods comprise the majority of sales in school vending machines.
This hits the argument directly as it implies there will not be much effect by replacing the drinks. The major portion of sugar goes through snacks.
E- The average school-aged child consumes two twenty-ounce sugary drinks every day.
Irrelevant.
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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 17:42
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Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective ways to curb childhood obesity. Recently, with this goal in mind, school officials have begun to replace high calorie sugary drinks in school vending machines with bottled water, unsweetened fruit juices, and sugar free sodas. Since students spend so much time in school, officials reason that removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar. <-- CONCLUSION

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the school officials’ plan?

(A) Unsweetened fruit juices contain more sugar than does bottled water.
- who cares about differences between unsweetened fruit juices and bottled water? both less caloric than sugary drinks

(B) Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.
- "before and after" school is IRRELEVANT to our conclusion (specifies DURING SCHOOL HOURS)

(C) Sugar free sodas contain artificial sweeteners that some medical officials link to headaches and other health concerns.
- out of scope. who cares about what (other) health concerns sugar free sodas lead to?

(D) Sugary snack foods comprise the majority of sales in school vending machines.
- correct as is

(E) The average school-aged child consumes two twenty-ounce sugary drinks every day.
- how does this relate to the removal of access to sugary drinks during school hours?


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Re: Childhood Obesity  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2018, 07:22
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What about sugary foods do comprise the majority of sales but the buyers could be anyone ? It might be the school staff as well. So IMO the answer should be B.


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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 22:12
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
In this question, we need to weaken the argument in the premise

A- Unsweetened fruit juices contain more sugar than does bottled water.
Not relevant. We have to compare unsweetened juice with the sugary drinks
B- Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.
This would have been the case before the decision of replacement too. The time in consideration here is the time spent in the school.
C- Sugar free sodas contain artificial sweeteners that some medical officials link to headaches and other health concerns.
Irrelevant, we are concerned about the problem of obesity here
D- Sugary snack foods comprise the majority of sales in school vending machines.
This hits the argument directly as it implies there will not be much effect by replacing the drinks. The major portion of sugar goes through snacks.
E- The average school-aged child consumes two twenty-ounce sugary drinks every day.
Irrelevant.



Option D says the majority of sold food is the sugary snack but it does not mean that the snacks are having more sugar than sugary liquids. Their intake may or may not maintain the level of sugar taken in by children in the absence of sugary liquids, which were banned. So this statement may or may not undermine the actual plan.
Can you please explain how this line of thought is wrong?
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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 16:27
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bigfernhead wrote:
Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective ways to curb childhood obesity. Recently, with this goal in mind, school officials have begun to replace high calorie sugary drinks in school vending machines with bottled water, unsweetened fruit juices, and sugar free sodas. Since students spend so much time in school, officials reason that removing access to sugary drinks during school hours will cause a dramatic reduction in the intake of sugar.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the school officials’ plan?

(A) Unsweetened fruit juices contain more sugar than does bottled water.

(B) Many students have access to sugary drinks both before and after school.

(C) Sugar free sodas contain artificial sweeteners that some medical officials link to headaches and other health concerns.

(D) Sugary snack foods comprise the majority of sales in school vending machines.

(E) The average school-aged child consumes two twenty-ounce sugary drinks every day.


Official Solution (Credit: Manhattan Prep)



The argument explains that school officials plan to limit the sugar intake of students in school by replacing sugary drinks with less sugary drinks in school vending machines. To undermine this plan, the correct answer must demonstrate that that the consumption of sugar by students will not be dramatically reduced.

(A) A comparison between unsweetened fruit juices and bottled water is not relevant, as these are both less sugary alternatives to the high calorie sugary drinks.

(B) The intention of the school officials’ plan is to limit the intake of sugar by students. Access to sugary drinks outside of school is certainly a factor in students' total sugar intake. However, the possibility that students might consume sugar elsewhere fails to undermine the school officials’ plan to restrict access to sugary drinks at school. As a result of the restricted access during school hours, those students who have access to sugary drinks outside of school may still consume less sugar than they otherwise would.

(C) The fact that certain alternatives to the sugary drinks contain ingredients that cause health concerns is irrelevant to the argument. Students would still be consuming less sugar.

(D) CORRECT. If most of the sugar that students consume in school comes from snack foods rather than drinks, replacing the drinks with healthier alternatives will do little to curb the intake of sugar.

(E) This statistic is not directly relevant to the argument, since it is unclear whether these drinks are consumed at school. If the drinks were consumed at school, this answer choice would strengthen rather than undermine the school officials’ plan.
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Re: Ensuring that children consume less sugar is among the most effective &nbs [#permalink] 20 Sep 2018, 16:27
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