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Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof

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Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 22:47
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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

25% (02:38) correct 75% (02:04) wrong based on 55 sessions

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Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically professional scientists, have all made significant contributions to science. But amateur scientists have also provided many significant contributions. And unlike professional scientists, who are often motivated by economic necessity or a desire for fame, amateur scientists are motivated by the love of discovery alone.

If the essayist ' s statements are true, then which one of the following must also be true?

(A) Some amateur scientists who did not win a Nobel prize for science nevertheless made significant contributions to science.

(B) Typically, winners of a Nobel prize for science are not motivated at all by the love of discovery.

(C) The love of discovery is the motive behind many significant contributions to science.

(D) Professional scientists have made a greater overall contribution to science than have amateur scientists.

(E) A professional scientist is more likely to make a significant contribution to science if he or she is motivated by the love of discovery.

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Re: Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 22:51
By POE, it looks like the ans is E. whats the OA


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Re: Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 22:57
ravikumarmishra wrote:
By POE, it looks like the ans is E. whats the OA


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HOPE THIS MIGHT HELP



FACTS:

    Nobel prize winners are usually professional. They’ve all made big contributions to science.
    Amateur scientists sometimes make big contributions to science. (C some AS)
    Amateur scientists are motivated by love of discovery. (AS ➞ LD)

ANALYSIS: If two facts mention the same term, you can usually combine them.

We know amateur scientists are always motivated by a love of discovery, and some of them have made major contributions.

So some people who have made major contributions were motivated by a love of discovery.

Here’s the same thing as a diagram:

C some AS ➞ LD

Conclusion:
C some LD

___________

[a]We don’t know this. Maybe all the amateurs who made contributions also won a Nobel.

[b]Who knows? Maybe professional scientists are also motivated by love of discovery. The question didn’t say that only amateur scientists have this motivation.

[c]CORRECT. This is true. Amateurs have made many contributions, and amateurs are always motivated by the love of discovery.

[d]We have no idea. We know some professionals win the Nobel and make major contributions. We also know many amateurs make contributions. We don’t know how many are in each group. It’s possible that amateur scientists make more contributions.

[E]We have no idea if love of discovery and significant contributions are related for professional scientists. The stimulus says nothing about this.
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Re: Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof &nbs [#permalink] 10 Sep 2018, 22:57
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Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically prof

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