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# Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2013
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Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 Sep 2017, 19:40
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7
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (02:00) correct 32% (01:59) wrong based on 395 sessions

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Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict the dissemination of advanced technological knowledge that is of commercial or national-security value. Dissemination to certain countries, those that are or will be competitors or enemies, should be selectively
prohibited. There must, however, be free exchange of scientific information.

In order to act in accordance with the position above, it would be necessary to be able to rely on each of the following EXCEPT:

(A) It is possible to distinguish with confidence, despite any changes in the international environment, friendly or noncompetitive from hostile or competitive nations.

(B) In a democracy, it is not necessary that the public have detailed knowledge of the country’s advanced technology in order, for example, to make informed decisions about the direction public policy should take.

(C) In most fields of science, basic scientific research is further advanced in countries that are democracies than in countries that are not democracies.

(D) In each field of science, it is possible to distinguish scientific information from advanced technological knowledge that is of commercial or national-security value.

(E) In cases where a company that uses advanced technology is a multinational organization, it is possible to keep information about the technology from being passed across designated national boundaries.

Source: LSAT

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Originally posted by nahid78 on 30 Jan 2017, 20:58.
Last edited by broall on 24 Sep 2017, 19:40, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2017, 03:21
1
The question means there are 4 assumptions in 5 answers.
I negated all the answers to find the non-assumption answer. If the negation damaged the author's conclusion/position (Dissemination to certain countries, those that are or will be competitors or enemies, should be selectively prohibited. There must, however, be free exchange of scientific information) -> the answer is an assumption -> eliminate it.
The remain is the correct answer.

Thus, I eliminated A,B,D and E, leaving C. Negating C does not damage the author's position --> C is the correct answer.
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Re: Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2017, 19:20
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Top Contributor
the objectives stated are -

1. Restrict the dissemination of advanced technical knowledge (and selectively prohibit dissemination to countries that are enemies or competitors)
2. Free exchange of scientific information.

This is an EXCEPT question. Each of the incorrect answer options should support the objectives.

Option A - Incorrect.
If it is indeed possible to distinguish friendly or noncompetitive countries, it is then possible to restrict the dissemination of knowledge to such countries. Supports point #1.

Option B - Incorrect.
this strengthens point #1. this means that the dissemination of advanced technical knowledge can be restricted without negative consequences.

Option C - Correct.
We are concerned with restricting the dissemination of advanced technical knowledge. We are not concerned with basic scientific research.
Also, we are not concerned with comparing democracies to undemocratic countries but rather with whether the objectives stated above can be achieved or not in any type of country. (the question says - "even in democracies").
Option C is irrelevant to the context and does not support any of the objectives. Hence, the correct answer.

Option D - Incorrect.
If this is true, then we can restrict the dissemination of advanced technical knowledge without adversely impacting the free flow of scientific information (point #2).

Option E - Incorrect.
This supports point #1. If such information cannot be restricted from being passed across national boundaries, then point #1 would be weakened.
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Re: Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2017, 22:01
option C should be the right answer .
analyzing option C we can yourself that do we really care about democratic or not democratic countries and even it is mentioned in the stimulus that 'Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict the
dissemination of advanced technological knowledge, then it would definitely be restricted in non-democratic countries , after negating C it does not affect the stimulus in a way we want . hence C
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Re: Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 12:09
nahid78 wrote:
Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict the dissemination of advanced technological knowledge that is of commercial or national-security value. Dissemination to certain countries, those that are or will be competitors or enemies, should be selectively
prohibited. There must, however, be free exchange of scientific information.

In order to act in accordance with the position above, it would be necessary to be able to rely on each of the following EXCEPT:

(A) It is possible to distinguish with confidence, despite any changes in the international environment, friendly or noncompetitive from hostile or competitive nations.

(B) In a democracy, it is not necessary that the public have detailed knowledge of the country’s advanced technology in order, for example, to make informed decisions about the direction public policy should take.

(C) In most fields of science, basic scientific research is further advanced in countries that are democracies than in countries that are not democracies.

(D) In each field of science, it is possible to distinguish scientific information from advanced technological knowledge that is of commercial or national-security value.

(E) In cases where a company that uses advanced technology is a multinational organization, it is possible to keep information about the technology from being passed across designated national boundaries.

Source: LSAT

--if the info is of commercial/national-security value, it's dissemination needs to be restricted.
--if the destination is to current/future competitors/enemies, the dissemination of that type of info should be prohibited.
--but there must be free exchange of scientific info.

(A), (D), (E) can be quickly eliminated as they are required for the principle to follow.

(C) is irrelevant. We don't care if some research is more advanced in one country than another, we only care if they have commercial/national-security value. Besides, "basic scientific research" is just out of scope.

It took me a while to determine if (B) is relevant. but then I realized if the public have "detailed knowledge" of the country's advanced technology, the dissemination would already have been taken place
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Re: Even in a democracy, it is necessary to restrict &nbs [#permalink] 12 Dec 2017, 12:09
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