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Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports

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Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2017, 12:18
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Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports to tell us what a good life is. However, most people would judge someone who perfectly embodied the ideals of any one of these theories not to be living a good life— the kind of life they would want for themselves and their children.
The statements above, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
A. Most people desire a life for themselves and their children that is better than a merely good life.
B. A person who fits the ideals of one moral theory in the Western tradition would not necessarily fit the ideals of another.
C. Most people have a conception of a good life that does not match that of any moral theory in the Western tradition.
D. A good life as described by moral theories in the Western tradition cannot be realized.
E. It is impossible to develop a theory that accurately describes what a good life is.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2017, 17:01
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The paragraph basically states that -

Most people's concept of good life is different from that of every moral theory developed in the Western tradition.

The option that closely resembles this has to be the correct answer.

Option A -
the argument clearly states this -
good life -- the kind of life they would want for themselves and their children.

We know that most people want a good life for themselves and their children. We have no idea whether they want something better than a "merely" good life.
hence, Incorrect.

Option B -
We cannot make this assumption. It is perfectly possible that all those theories agree on ideals. hence, incorrect.

Option C -
Closely resembles the argument and hence is the correct answer.

Option D -
We only know that most people would disagree with those moral theories on what a good life is. We have no idea whether good life as espoused by those theories is realizable or not. Hence, incorrect.

Option E -
Cannot be inferred. Moreover, this talks about all theories, not just theories developed in the West. Hence, not relevant and incorrect.
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Re: Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 03:21
OE :
The correct answer choice is (C). This is a fact set. Note the strength of the
modifiers in this stimulus—“every,” “most,” and “any.” We should be able to
use this narrow scope to support a fairly strong statement, but be careful: the
test makers know this too and they will supply several answer choices that
are worded strongly. Make sure you select an answer that conforms to the
facts. Answer choice (A): The phrase “better than a merely good life” goes
beyond the statements in the stimulus. Answer choice (B): This answer is
incorrect because we are not given information about how the moral theories
are different, or if they different at all. The only detail we are told is that the
theories all have one thing in common—they tell us what a good life is. Since
the answer choice makes a claim based on differences between theories, it
cannot be correct. Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer. At first
glance, this answer choice may seem a bit strong in saying the conception
would not match that of any moral theory. But, as discussed above, we can
support this because the stimulus uses very strong language, specifically
stating “most people would judge someone who perfectly embodied the
ideals of any one of these theories not to be living a good life.”. Answer
choice (D): This answer is worded strongly but it quickly fails the Fact Test.
Nothing is said to indicate that the life described by one of the moral theories
cannot be realized. Answer choice (E): This answer also has strong
language, but it goes too far in saying that it is impossible to develop a theory
that accurately describes a good life.
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Re: Every moral theory developed in the Western tradition purports   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2017, 03:21
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