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Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that

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Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Oct 2018, 14:49
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Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to atoms are to the understanding of architecture of universe.

A) Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to
B) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
C) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel's discovery of genes is to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
D) Gregor Mendel who is father of modern genetics and who discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
E) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body just as

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Originally posted by HasnainAfxal on 20 Oct 2018, 00:28.
Last edited by generis on 20 Oct 2018, 14:49, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 01:26
HasnainAfxal wrote:
Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to atom are to the understanding of architecture of universe.

A) Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to
B) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
C) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel's discovery of genes is to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
D) Gregor Mendel who is father of modern genetics and who discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
E) Father of modern genetics,Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body just as


IMO- Answer is "E". Please go through my explanation.

A) Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to- Modifier error- "genes" is indicated as "Father of modern genetics" instead of " Gregor Mendel". "Genes" is immediately followed after ",". So this option is wrong.
B) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- This option is wrong as " what" is used for comparison instead of "as" which is correctly used in option "E".
C) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel's discovery of genes is to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- Modifier error- "discovery" is indicated as "Father of modern genetics" instead of " Gregor Mendel". So wrong.
D) Gregor Mendel who is father of modern genetics and who discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- This option is wordy.
E) Father of modern genetics,Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body just as- Correct option.
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Re: Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 01:52
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Hi everybody
plural verb 'are' is used after atom.is it grammatically right to use plural verb in this sentence?
Thanks

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Re: Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 02:49
With (B)

Just as ....So to / So is the correct Idiomatic usage...

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Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 14:38
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HasnainAfxal wrote:
Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to atoms are to the understanding of architecture of universe.

A) Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to
B) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
C) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel's discovery of genes is to the understanding of complex structure of human body what
D) Gregor Mendel who is father of modern genetics and who discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what [WORKING VERB?] - fragment
E) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body just as

The idiom tested is
X is to Y what A is to B

This idiom of comparison is used to show analogous or parallel relationships.

The relationship that X has to Y is analogous to the relationship that A has to B.

X is to Y what A is to B - examples
Mozart is to music what Michelangelo is to sculpture.
Mahatma Gandhi is to India what Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is to the United States.
The GMAT is to business school what the LSAT is to law school.

X is to Y what A is to B in this instance:
. . . genes (X) are to the structure of the human body (Y) what atoms (A) are to the architecture of the universe (B).

Genes and atoms are building blocks or material for building blocks.
We cannot understand the complex structure of the human body or the architecture of the universe without knowing about genes and atoms, respectively.
X = genes
Y = the structure of the human body
A = atoms
B = the architecture of the universe

(I have used "the" before words that are not preceded by that article in the prompt.
IMHO the sentence is missing definite articles.)

Split #1: Modifier/Noun error - or Misplaced Modifier
Father of modern genetics is an appositive that should describe Gregor Mendel.

Option A: "Father of modern genetics" modifies genes.
Genes certainly are not the father of modern genetics.

Option C: "Father of modern genetics" modifies Gregor Mendel's discovery [genes!]
Mendel's discovery [genes] certainly is not the father of modern genetics.

Eliminate A and C

Option A can also be eliminated because it is unidiomatic in two instances
-- in the idiom for this question, "similar to" should be "what"
-- A puts Mendel (rather than genes) in the X position in this phrase "genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are . . ."

Split #2: Complete sentence vs. fragment: the MISSING VERB

Be careful with relative pronouns and relative clauses. (Mendel who is [the] father of . . . and who discovered . . . )
GMAC often uses relative clauses to trap readers into believing that a working verb exists.

Although D uses the correct idiom, D has no working verb.
Option D stripped: Mendel who is P and who discovered Qs that [blah blah blah].
The subject Mendel has no DO or BE verb.
If the second "who" were removed, the sentence would be acceptable.

Eliminate D

Split #3: Idiom
Option E has the wrong form of the idiom. E uses
X is to Y just as A is to B

Eliminate E

The answer is B

This question resembles an Official Guide question, HERE.
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Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 17:55
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AnupamKT wrote:
HasnainAfxal wrote:
Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to atom are to the understanding of architecture of universe.

IMO- Answer is "E". Please go through my explanation.

A) Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body similar to- Modifier error- "genes" is indicated as "Father of modern genetics" instead of " Gregor Mendel". "Genes" is immediately followed after ",". So this option is wrong.
B) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- This option is wrong as " what" is used for comparison instead of "as" which is correctly used in option "E".
C) Father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel's discovery of genes is to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- Modifier error- "discovery" is indicated as "Father of modern genetics" instead of " Gregor Mendel". So wrong.
D) Gregor Mendel who is father of modern genetics and who discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body what- This option is wordy.
E) Father of modern genetics,Gregor Mendel discovered genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body just as- Correct option.

Quote:
IMO- Answer is "E". Please go through my explanation.

AnupamKT - you are getting there! :-)

Regarding D: it's not a complete sentence. The subject is Gregor Mendel. He has to do or be something. He has no verb.

Be a little bit careful with "wordy." It should be used as a last resort. Writers in the OG use that description in their explanations, but those writers are not as good as the writers who draft the questions.

Treat vague explanations such as "wordy" or "awkward" with a bit of skepticism.

Usually such options have other errors that are either noted or discoverable.

Some OEs are excellent. I think I see improvement from OG 2016 to OG 2018.

In your approach to options B and E, I think that you were using the construction "JUST AS X, Y."

I use the word construction instead of idiom because I do not think the phrasing is an idiom; I haven't seen it on any idiom list; and I haven't seen it in any official questions as an idiom.

The correct idiom for this question is
X is to Y what A is to B.

For the sake of argument, let's tease out (E) using JUST AS X, Y
The structure certainly can be correct, idiom or not.
Correct: Just as he finished clearing his email inbox, a flood of messages arrived.

"Just" in that instance means "at or nearly at the same time." The verbs are both simple past. We're in good shape.

(E) does not fit that setup.
Option E uses "X just as Y"

...genes that are to the understanding of complex structure of human body (X) just as atoms are to the understanding of architecture of universe. (Y)

You may want to look at the long-running (!) official question to which I linked in my post above.

I hope that analysis helps. :-)


*A common idiom on the GMAT of late has been
JUST AS X, SO (too) Y
No answer choice in this question follows that structure.
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Re: Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 20:20
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sonusaini1

Good catch. Awarded +1 kudos.
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Re: Father of modern genetics, genes were discovered by Gregor Mendel that &nbs [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 20:20
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