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Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than

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Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 May 2020, 02:14
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Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than that of impending ecological doom. Beginning in 1962, when Rachel Carson warned that pollution was a threat to all human and animal life on the planet, pessimistic appraisals of the health of the environment have been issued with increasing urgency.

And yet, thanks in large part to her warnings, a powerful political movement was born and a series of landmark environmental bills became law. These laws and their equivalents in Western Europe, along with a vast array of private efforts spurred by environmental consciousness that Carson helped raise, have been a stunning success in both the United States and Europe where environmental trends are, for the most part, positive; and environmental regulations, far from being burdensome and expensive, have proved to be strikingly effective, have cost less than was anticipated, and have made the economies of the countries that have put them into effect stronger, not weaker.

Recycling, which was a fringe idea a decade ago, is now a major growth industry, and is converting more than twenty per cent of America‘s municipal wastes into useful products. Emissions of chlorofluorocarbons, which deplete the ozone layer, have been declining since 1987. Dozens of American cities once dumped raw sludge into the ocean. Today, instead of being dumped into the ocean, municipal sludge is either disposed of in regulated landfills or, increasingly, put to good use as fertilizer.

America‘s record of protecting species threatened with extinction, which is often depicted as dismal, is in truth enviable. Since 1973, when the Endangered Species Act took effect, seven animal species in North America have disappeared. Several hundred others once considered certain to die out continue to exist in the wild. A number of species, including the bald eagle and the Arctic peregrine falcon have been or are being taken off the priority-protection list.

It‘s true, of course, that some environmental programs are muddled. For instance, the Endangered Species Act can have the unfair effect of penalizing landholders who discover rare creatures on their property, by prohibiting use of the land. In the main, though, conservation has been an excellent investment. Thanks to legislation, technical advances, and lawsuits that have forced polluters to pay liability costs, America‘s air and water are getting cleaner, forests are expanding, and many other environmental indicators are on the upswing.

Nevertheless, the vocabulary of environmentalism has continued to be dominated by images of futility, crisis, and decline. Nor are environmentalists the only people reluctant to acknowledge the good news; advocates at both ends of the political spectrum, each side for its reasons, seem to have tacitly agreed to play it down. The left is afraid of the environmental good news because it undercuts stylish pessimism; the right is afraid of the good news because it shows that governmental regulations might occasionally amount to something other than wickedness incarnate, and actually produce benefits at an affordable cost.


1. Which of the following statements is false as it pertains to the information given in the passage?

A. Chlorofluorocarbons no longer damage the ozone layer.
B. Technical advances have contributed to conservation.
C. Raw sludge is no longer a source of ocean pollution for the United States.
D. Recycling has had an impact on landfill dumping.
E. Some environmental programs are muddled



2. Based on information in the passage, each of the following statements is a plausible explanation of why pessimistic appraisals of the environment continue to be issued EXCEPT:

A. environmentalists and politicians are unaware of the successes of the movement.
B. an immense amount of work still needs to be done to save the environment.
C. optimistic evaluations would have unwanted political repercussions.
D. environmentalists garner support by arousing concerns and fears.
E. selfish interests of certain groups of people



3. If the claims made in the passage are correct, how would politicians on the political right be expected to react to America‘s program to protect endangered species from extinction?

A. They would extol it because its success is not attributable to governmental regulation.
B. They would extol it because its success refutes the pessimistic claims of the political left.
C. They would criticize it because its success was due to costly regulations.
D. They would criticize it because it has not shown any measurable success.
E. They would be indifferent towards it



4. What is the main function of the 3rd paragraph in the passage?

A. to criticise industry for increased pollution
B. to urge the government to ban the dumping of effluents in rivers
C. to suggest that things are not bad as are made out to be by certain groups of people
D. to describe the positive impact of efforts to control environmental degradation
E. to provide an agenda for pollution control


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Originally posted by Gnpth on 30 Mar 2015, 04:47.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 26 May 2020, 02:14, edited 6 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (460).
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New post 05 Apr 2015, 21:23
Ergenekon wrote:
Randude wrote:
Can you confirm that the answer of Q3 is B ?

C sounds a lot better...!


I also did not get that answer.


Hi Randude & Ergenekon,

Yes, the answer is B.

Here is the Official Explanation.

What do we know from the passage about protecting endangered species?
Only two things: that it‘s been successful but unfair to landowners. Which is the political right more likely to care about? Likely landowners and the right would likely attack the program on this basis. A quick scan of reaction knocks out (A) and (B), and understanding the reasons for that reaction leads immediately to (C).

(A): Opposite. While the right might like a lack of regulation, the program‘s success is only because of regulation.

(B): The correct answer

(C): Out of Scope. The right might enjoy refuting the claims of the left, but not if it comes with heavy governmental regulation.

(D): Distortion. While the right will reject the program, they‘re concerned less with the aspect of its success than its cost. Furthermore, we already know the program has been successful.

(E): They would not be indifferent as described above

Hope it helps.
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Re: Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2015, 11:01
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Hi,
I think the answer to Q3 is C as well.

After reading the official explanation, looks like the answer choices B & C were flipped between the Question & Answer explanation.

Question
B. They would extol it because its success refutes the pessimistic claims of the political left.
C. They would criticize it because its success was due to costly regulations.

Official Explanation
(C): Out of Scope. The right might enjoy refuting the claims of the left, but not if it comes with heavy governmental regulation.

But if you read carefully, Choice B is the one talking about refuting the claims of the left. A quick google search of the question shows that C is the right answer.

Hope this helps with the confusion. Thanks for posting the question!
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New post 23 Apr 2015, 03:45
I believe the answer to be B. C has a much wider scope.
Please read the last 2 lines.
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New post 23 Apr 2015, 04:18
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
I believe the answer to be B. C has a much wider scope.
Please read the last 2 lines.

Hmm.. I am not so sure. I think the Option B is the more generic one as the passage never mentions anything about the right trying to praise the program. It is like saying that the right praises anything as long as the left refutes it. In fact the author actually says, both left & right are not supporting the program.

Last two sentences of the passage:
"the right is afraid of the good news because it shows that governmental regulations might occasionally amount to something other than wickedness incarnate, and actually produce benefits at an affordable cost."

Again, the author never said that the right will praise or support the program. He actually said they will probably not support it because they do not want to admit that the government regulations actually produce benefits at an affordable cost. I think this almost translates to that they will criticize the program due to its heavy cost.
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New post 02 Jun 2015, 21:00
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JarvisR wrote:
Need help with Q2. To be frank i didnt evn understand the context of the line in the Para :(.
Any guidance would be appreciated.

Q2: is all about the last paragraph , starting with Contrast "Nevertheless"
Q: Based on information in the passage, each of the following statements is a plausible explanation of why pessimistic appraisals of the environment continue to be issued EXCEPT:
or in simple words, even though (efforts to control environmental degradation) are showing +ve results, why different groups are not acknowledging it , which one below is not a possible Reason ?

    A. environmentalists and politicians are unaware of the successes of the movement. ---> read the part where it says, they know it but (reluctant to acknowledge the good news). Correct
    B. an immense amount of work still needs to be done to save the environment. ---> environmentalists reason to play it down
    C. optimistic evaluations would have unwanted political repercussions. ---> political right reason to play it down
    D. environmentalists garner support by arousing concerns and fears. ---> same as B environmentalists reason to play it down
    E. selfish interests of certain groups of people. ---> same as C political right reason

Nevertheless, the vocabulary of environmentalism has continued to be dominated by images of futility, crisis, and decline. Nor are environmentalists the only people reluctant to acknowledge the good news; advocates at both ends of the political spectrum, each side for its reasons, seem to have tacitly agreed to play it down. The left is afraid of the environmental good news because it undercuts stylish pessimism; the right is afraid of the good news because it shows that governmental regulations might occasionally amount to something other than wickedness incarnate, and actually produce benefits at an affordable cost.
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New post 07 Jul 2015, 12:06
can you please summarize the last paragraph in easier language. I'm not sure that i really understood the
{ Nor are environmentalists the only people reluctant to acknowledge the good news; advocates at both ends of the political spectrum, each side for its reasons, seem to have tacitly agreed to play it down. The left is afraid of the environmental good news because it undercuts stylish pessimism; the right is afraid of the good news because it shows that governmental regulations might occasionally amount to something other than wickedness incarnate, and actually produce benefits at an affordable cost }

my understanding is : even though those environmental laws have positive affects but still some don't like them such as the LEFT and the RIGHT parties.
the Lift don't like the laws because it reduce the pessimism and the right don't like them because the results of these laws shows that the government is good and affective. :/ which don't make sense why the lift and the right are so bad ?? :/

can you please explain the last paragraph and explain its relationship to the first paragraph (the structure )

thank you
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New post 08 Jul 2015, 03:09
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shagalo wrote:
can you please summarize the last paragraph in easier language. I'm not sure that i really understood the
{ Nor are environmentalists the only people reluctant to acknowledge the good news; advocates at both ends of the political spectrum, each side for its reasons, seem to have tacitly agreed to play it down. The left is afraid of the environmental good news because it undercuts stylish pessimism; the right is afraid of the good news because it shows that governmental regulations might occasionally amount to something other than wickedness incarnate, and actually produce benefits at an affordable cost }

my understanding is : even though those environmental laws have positive affects but still some don't like them such as the LEFT and the RIGHT parties.
the Lift don't like the laws because it reduce the pessimism and the right don't like them because the results of these laws shows that the government is good and affective. :/ which don't make sense why the lift and the right are so bad ?? :/

can you please explain the last paragraph and explain its relationship to the first paragraph (the structure )

thank you


The paragraph mentions that neither left nor right want to acknowledge the positive effects of environmental laws for their own agenda.

The Left is in favor of environmental laws, but they don't want to acknowledge that a great progress has been made in the implementation of these laws. They still want to portray a dire situation,
so that they can go on with their agenda of more regulation and more protectionism , or you can say more government control and regulation.

The Right doesn't want to acknowledge that the laws are working and improving America's environment in general, because if they acknowledge this, it implies that for once government regulation was needed. The Right wants minimum government regulation.
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New post 18 Jul 2015, 12:32
The question set is hard. got 3 of 4 correct.
Q 1- Detail Q - Time consuming as you have to go back to the passage and verify each one
Q 2 - Detail Q - An EXCEPT Q - which means you will have to find 4 True and 1 False statement... pretty time consuming
Q 3 - Went tangent - The word 'extol' totally threw me off.. I was aware of the portion of the passage where 'right' and 'left' were discussed but could not choose the right answer choice.
Q 4 - Structure Q - This was probably the easiest one.

How much time would anyone normally allocate to do this passage? around 10 mins?
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New post 02 Aug 2015, 10:10
gmat2015p wrote:
The question set is hard. got 3 of 4 correct.
Q 1- Detail Q - Time consuming as you have to go back to the passage and verify each one
Q 2 - Detail Q - An EXCEPT Q - which means you will have to find 4 True and 1 False statement... pretty time consuming
Q 3 - Went tangent - The word 'extol' totally threw me off.. I was aware of the portion of the passage where 'right' and 'left' were discussed but could not choose the right answer choice.
Q 4 - Structure Q - This was probably the easiest one.

How much time would anyone normally allocate to do this passage? around 10 mins?


5 min should be enough. Found the passage not to complicated.

Got the same questions right as you, still not sure on Question 3 but all in all this one was not to difficult
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New post 15 May 2020, 22:52
Hi Please provide final response for this set , for Qn 3 .... there are many solutions with some saying B and some saying C so please clarify with reasoning
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New post 23 May 2020, 00:21
SajjadAhmad could you please provide an explanation for question 3?
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New post 26 May 2020, 02:20
Kritisood wrote:
SajjadAhmad could you please provide an explanation for question 3?


The OA given here was C which was wrong, the real OA is B instead of C, so i have updated the OA and posted OE of the same. Let me know if you have any questions.

Official Explanation


3. If the claims made in the passage are correct, how would politicians on the political right be expected to react to America‘s program to protect endangered species from extinction?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

What do we know from the passage about protecting endangered species? Only two things: that it‘s been successful but unfair to landowners. Which is the political right more likely to care about? Likely landowners and the right would likely attack the program on this basis. A quick scan of reaction knocks out (A) and (B), and understanding the reasons for that reaction leads immediately to (C).

(A): Opposite. While the right might like a lack of regulation, the program‘s success is only because of regulation.

(B): The correct answer

(C): Out of Scope. The right might enjoy refuting the claims of the left, but not if it comes with heavy governmental regulation.

(D): Distortion. While the right will reject the program, they‘re concerned less with the aspect of its success than its cost. Furthermore, we already know the program has been successful.

(E): They would not be indifferent as described above

Answer: B


Hope it helps
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New post 26 May 2020, 02:46
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Kritisood wrote:
SajjadAhmad could you please provide an explanation for question 3?


The OA given here was C which was wrong, the real OA is B instead of C, so i have updated the OA and posted OE of the same. Let me know if you have any questions.

Official Explanation


3. If the claims made in the passage are correct, how would politicians on the political right be expected to react to America‘s program to protect endangered species from extinction?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

What do we know from the passage about protecting endangered species? Only two things: that it‘s been successful but unfair to landowners. Which is the political right more likely to care about? Likely landowners and the right would likely attack the program on this basis. A quick scan of reaction knocks out (A) and (B), and understanding the reasons for that reaction leads immediately to (C).

(A): Opposite. While the right might like a lack of regulation, the program‘s success is only because of regulation.

(B): The correct answer

(C): Out of Scope. The right might enjoy refuting the claims of the left, but not if it comes with heavy governmental regulation.

(D): Distortion. While the right will reject the program, they‘re concerned less with the aspect of its success than its cost. Furthermore, we already know the program has been successful.

(E): They would not be indifferent as described above

Answer: B


Hope it helps


Sir, I still didn't get it why they appraise government action which is refuting there own claims against government.
Aren't we talking about the opposition leaders here?
Kindly explain

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Re: Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than   [#permalink] 26 May 2020, 02:46

Few ideas are more deeply entrenched in our political culture than

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