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Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences

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Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 79
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V30
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 07:33
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:26) correct 50% (01:59) wrong based on 20 sessions

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Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences. Some of the children prefer foxes, some prefer wolfs, while the remaining prefer vultures. How many of the children surveyed prefer foxes as pets?
1) The ratio of the number of children who prefer foxes to the number of children who prefer wolfs is 4 to 3.
2) The ratio of the number of children who prefer foxes to the total number of children surveyed is 5 to 9.

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Re: Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 07:51
Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences. Some of the children prefer foxes, some prefer wolfs, while the remaining prefer vultures. How many of the children surveyed prefer foxes as pets?

So f+w+v<48

1) The ratio of the number of children who prefer foxes to the number of children who prefer wolfs is 4 to 3.
F:w=4:3
We can have all three f:w:c = 4:3:1..total 4x+3x+X=8x so numbers could be 8,16,24,32,40
Ratio could be 4:3:2=9x could be 9,18,27
Accordingly f will change but will be a multiple of 4
Insufficient

2) The ratio of the number of children who prefer foxes to the total number of children surveyed is 5 to 9.
f:t=5:9 so total is multiple of 7 and f a multiple of 5..
Insufficient

Combined..
f is a multiple of 4 and 5 so a multiple of 20..
If it is 20, total is 9*4=36..
If we take f as next multiple of 20 that is 40, t becomes 9*4*2=72 >48 so not possible
So total is 36 and f is 20
Sufficient

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3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: Fewer than 48 children were surveyed about their pet preferences &nbs [#permalink] 05 Oct 2018, 07:51
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