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Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB

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Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Apr 2014, 23:19
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Question Stats:

60% (01:49) correct 40% (02:07) wrong based on 176 sessions

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Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

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Originally posted by JusTLucK04 on 25 Apr 2014, 00:30.
Last edited by JusTLucK04 on 25 Apr 2014, 23:19, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2014, 08:22
2
1
JusTLucK04 wrote:
Image
Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

Kudos If you liked the Question


BD:DC = 3:5 --> BD:(BD+DC) = 3:(3+5) --> BD:BC = 3:8.

The area of triangle ADB = 1/2*(height from A to DB)*(DB).
The area of triangle ABC = 1/2*(height from A to BC)*(BC).

Notice that (height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Therefore the ration of the areas of ADB and ABC = DB:BC = 3:8.

Answer: C.
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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2014, 11:03
Hi Bunuel,
Excuse me if i do not have clear concept in Geometry.

So I do not understand how below statement is true.

(height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Thanks for your help.


Bunuel wrote:
JusTLucK04 wrote:
Image
Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

Kudos If you liked the Question


BD:DC = 3:5 --> BD:(BD+DC) = 3:(3+5) --> BD:BC = 3:8.

The area of triangle ADB = 1/2*(height from A to DB)*(DB).
The area of triangle ABC = 1/2*(height from A to BC)*(BC).

Notice that (height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Therefore the ration of the areas of ADB and ABC = DB:BC = 3:8.

Answer: C.

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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 01:08
sunita123 wrote:
Hi Bunuel,
Excuse me if i do not have clear concept in Geometry.

So I do not understand how below statement is true.

(height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Thanks for your help.


Bunuel wrote:
JusTLucK04 wrote:
Image
Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

Kudos If you liked the Question


BD:DC = 3:5 --> BD:(BD+DC) = 3:(3+5) --> BD:BC = 3:8.

The area of triangle ADB = 1/2*(height from A to DB)*(DB).
The area of triangle ABC = 1/2*(height from A to BC)*(BC).

Notice that (height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Therefore the ration of the areas of ADB and ABC = DB:BC = 3:8.

Answer: C.


Line segments DB and BC are on the same line, thus the perpendicular from point A to DB is the same as the perpendicular from point A to BC.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2014, 14:02
Bunuel wrote:
JusTLucK04 wrote:
Image
Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

Kudos If you liked the Question


BD:DC = 3:5 --> BD:(BD+DC) = 3:(3+5) --> BD:BC = 3:8.

The area of triangle ADB = 1/2*(height from A to DB)*(DB).
The area of triangle ABC = 1/2*(height from A to BC)*(BC).

Notice that (height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Therefore the ration of the areas of ADB and ABC = DB:BC = 3:8.

Answer: C.

Hi Bunuel,

in a lot of questions, we get to the bottom line of: ratio of area = (ratio of side)^2.

Is this not true? Is this true only in specific cases?
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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2014, 13:07
ronr34 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
JusTLucK04 wrote:
Image
Find the ratio of areas of the triangle ADB and ABC. If BD:DC = 3:5

A. 3:5
B. 9:25
C. 3:8
D. 5:9
E. 9:16

Kudos If you liked the Question


BD:DC = 3:5 --> BD:(BD+DC) = 3:(3+5) --> BD:BC = 3:8.

The area of triangle ADB = 1/2*(height from A to DB)*(DB).
The area of triangle ABC = 1/2*(height from A to BC)*(BC).

Notice that (height from A to DB) = (height from A to BC).

Therefore the ration of the areas of ADB and ABC = DB:BC = 3:8.

Answer: C.

Hi Bunuel,

in a lot of questions, we get to the bottom line of: ratio of area = (ratio of side)^2.

Is this not true? Is this true only in specific cases?


This is true for similar triangles.

If two similar triangles have sides in the ratio \(\frac{x}{y}\), then their areas are in the ratio \(\frac{x^2}{y^2}\).
OR in another way: in two similar triangles, the ratio of their areas is the square of the ratio of their sides: \(\frac{AREA}{area}=\frac{SIDE^2}{side^2}\).
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 18:27
oh damn..i was on my laptop..and the screen is small...i did not see the image..was going crazy to identify how the triangle might look like...
BD= suppose 3x
DC = 5x
BC=8x
the height is the same for the both triangles, so basically, we are asked for the ratio of the bases. BC/BD = 3x/8x = 3/8
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Re: Find the ratio of areas of the Triangle ABC and ADB  [#permalink]

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