IanStewart wrote:
It can't be true that F happens every time G happens, because G happens 60% of the time. If F happened every time G did, then F would also happen (at least) 60% of the time. But we know F only happens 25% of the time.
It is possible, though, that G happens every time F happens (and G also happens sometimes when F does not). In the real world, F and G might be events like (in some location) :
G = the probability there are clouds on any given day
F = the probability it rains on any given day
Every time F happens, G also happens, but not the reverse.
If you have two dependent events F and G, and F is less likely than G to happen, then the maximum possible probability both F and G happen will equal the probability F alone happens (because G could happen every time F does).
Thank you for the detailed explanation
IanStewart sir.
Thus, the question basically translates to the minimum and maximum value of P(F AND G).
Minimum value will occur when F and G are mutually exclusive. => P(F AND G) = 0
Maximum value will be P(F) = 1/4 (as explained above by Ian sir).
Any value in the range of 0 to 1/4 (both inclusive) could be a possible value of P(F AND G).
Only 1/5 and 1/4 satisfy the range.
Ans: C