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For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail

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For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2012, 22:39
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A
B
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E

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Question Stats:

58% (01:43) correct 42% (01:44) wrong based on 436 sessions

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For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

A. which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
B. that pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
C. who pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly so affordable and it often must
D. which pays regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not as nearly affordable and often must
E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must

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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2014, 08:57
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Let me first offer some examples to clarify the distinction between "which" and "that".

Suppose the other room has some books, and I issue one of the following commands:

1. Get me the red book, which is mine.
First of all, note the comma after "book". The comma is an important separator on the GMAT. In this sentence, the comma tells us that what follows it is extra information about the book. So you should be able to remove "which is mine" from this sentence, and the command should still make perfect sense. This suggests that there is exactly one red book in the other room.
The command in this case translates to the following two sentences:
Get me the red book. The red book is mine.

2. Get me the red book, that is mine.
This sentence is incorrect. You cannot have the comma and "that" together like this. Note that "that" can start an independent sentence. So the above construction has two independent sentences without a conjunction to connect them. "That" is not allowed.

3. Get me the red book that is mine.
Note that there's no comma in this command. This means the "that" provides essential information to unambiguously identify the book I am interested in. The command suggests that there are possibly many red books in the other room but that only one of them belongs to me.

4. Get me the red book which is mine.
Again, there's no comma in this command. This command provides the same information that is provided in 3.
There is some confusion over whether you can use "which" without the comma to provide essential information. The GMAT official guide has a couple examples in which "which" is used without a comma. The official guide doesn't call out those sentences as incorrect, but it admits that the rule is controversial.

The bottom line is that, if you are forced to choose between 3 and 4, you should prefer 3. But I do not expect the GMAT to make you choose between the two without providing other markers to adequately separate the correct answer from the incorrect ones.

The scope of "which" is restricted. Typically, it can modify only the noun immediately preceding it. In some cases, it can modify a noun that's slightly far away. For example: He composed an album of songs, which is/are popular. In this construction, which can modify either album (in which case you need "is") or songs (in which case you need "are").

If you want to modify an entire clause/an action, you should use an "ing" modifier. Alternatively, you can use a word or a phrase that captures the essence of the action (sometimes called a "resumptive modifier" because it introduces some repetition to eliminate ambiguity).

In this question, both B and E are correct. The GMAT would not make you choose between them and would typically place other errors in the sentences. But if it makes you choose, you should choose "that", as there's no confusion about its usage in restrictive clauses that do not employ the comma.

Hope this helps.

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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2012, 01:46
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saikarthikreddy wrote:
For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

A. which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
B. that pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
C. who pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly so affordable and it often must
D. which pays regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not as nearly affordable and often must
E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
A- Incorrect because verb form 'pay' and 'may be shipping' need to be parallel i.e. Should be in same tense, here it should be 'pay' and 'may ship' simple present.
B-Incorrect because 'that' is not correct to refer the subject here.
C- Incorrect because 'who' is not correct to refer the subject here.
D- Incorrect - 'pays' is incorrect because subject is plural, 'small retailers and websites'.
E- correct as it uses correct and parallel simple present tense 'pay' and 'may ship'

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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2012, 03:25
Sentence is akward to me.
I have a doubt with the correct option(E)

For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be be added into prices

Is the usage of AS correct here. I think is not as affordable as X should be used here. Am i wrong.

Gurus please help .
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2012, 09:34
Quote:
For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

A. which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
B. that pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
C. who pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly so affordable and it often must
D. which pays regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not as nearly affordable and often must
E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must


I know which will refer to the preceding word (website)

In this example which will not refer to compound subject - smaller retailers and web sites?
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2014, 09:12
gmatchase wrote:
Quote:
For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

A. which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
B. that pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
C. who pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly so affordable and it often must
D. which pays regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not as nearly affordable and often must
E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must


I know which will refer to the preceding word (website)

In this example which will not refer to compound subject - smaller retailers and web sites?


Same doubt here, could anybody please clarify. This question provides the opportunity for a huge takeaway in 'which' vs 'that construction

Thanks!
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2014, 10:00
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"Which" should refer to both smaller retailers and websites in the above example.
If you want "which" to refer to only websites, you can modify the sentence as follows:
For smaller retailers and FOR websites, which...


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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2014, 02:22
For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

I am a little confused as to which tense do we have here

"Pay regular rates " --- present tense
"may be shipping " --- is this present continuous tense , though may is a likelihood !!
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2014, 06:21
Same here too.... which will refer to websites,why can't who which will refer to both retailers and websites
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2014, 07:57
prasi55 wrote:
"Which" should refer to both smaller retailers and websites in the above example.
If you want "which" to refer to only websites, you can modify the sentence as follows:
For smaller retailers and FOR websites, which...


--Prasad
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Prasad, Thanks
But still unclear on 'which' vs 'that' split on B and E

Could you please elaborate a little bit more on why one is right and the other wrong?

Thanks
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2014, 09:34
This was awesome. Thanks so much Prasad
Kudos for you!

Cheers!
J :)
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2015, 00:21
Hi All,

I picked the correct option but still do like the wording associated.

The right answer is E. If you see the last section of the line 'free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices'

I can understand that free shipping is not nearly affordable but I am unable to understand the 'must be added into prices'.

It sounds to me like...'free shipping must be added into the prices' (instead it should say the 'shipping charges must be added into th prices')

Does any one agree.

saikarthikreddy wrote:
For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added into prices

A. which pay regular mail rates and may be shipping from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
B. that pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
C. who pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly so affordable and it often must
D. which pays regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not as nearly affordable and often must
E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must

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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2015, 00:44
Hi Shriram,

True,This sentence is so awkward meaning wise.

Option E sounds like "free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must be added"???? Why will it be added if its not affordable.

How can you add free shipping to prices? Shipping rates/regular mail rates(as mentioned in the "which" clause) have to be added to the prices.

There has to be a reference to what has to be added again after the and.

Regards,
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2016, 08:44
PTN :


Who modifies only people ; we need which here and a plural verb pay -

so , answer is

E. which pay regular mail rates and may ship from only one location, free shipping is not nearly as affordable and often must
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 02:13
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Between options B and E, I chose Option B because in my opinion 'which' can't refer to a clause. Which only refers to the noun preceding comma.
And here the noun preceding comma is Web sites and Web sites can't pay regular mail rates. Rather retailers pay for mail rates. Therefore the use of 'That' is more suitable.

Please clarify.
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 02:30
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ishan95jaiswal wrote:
Between options B and E, I chose Option B because in my opinion 'which' can't refer to a clause. Which only refers to the noun preceding comma.
And here the noun preceding comma is Web sites and Web sites can't pay regular mail rates. Rather retailers pay for mail rates. Therefore the use of 'That' is more suitable.

Please clarify.



There is a comma before the underlined portion, so here which will be a right construction.
,+that- as a modifier generally wrong.... GMAT prefers , which...............
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 10:37
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Abhishekjha wrote:
ishan95jaiswal wrote:
Between options B and E, I chose Option B because in my opinion 'which' can't refer to a clause. Which only refers to the noun preceding comma.
And here the noun preceding comma is Web sites and Web sites can't pay regular mail rates. Rather retailers pay for mail rates. Therefore the use of 'That' is more suitable.

Please clarify.



There is a comma before the underlined portion, so here which will be a right construction.
,+that- as a modifier generally wrong.... GMAT prefers , which...............



Yaa this makes sense! Why don't start teaching? Thanks! :D
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Re: For smaller retailers and Web sites, which pay regular mail   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 10:37
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