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# Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 14:48
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spc11 wrote:
I do not follow the explanation for this question.

Can somebody please explain why this sentence is correct (original)?

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. My doubts are in these two phrases: "this year than last" and " more for crude oil than they were last year " Thanks!! Dear spc11, I'm happy to respond. My friend, you may find some answer to your question in the thread above, but I am happy to discuss this as well. One very tricky issue, particularly difficult for folks whose native language is something other than English, is the issue of dropping repeated words in the second branch of parallelism. See this blog article: Dropping Common Words in Parallel on the GMAT Consider an expanded version of the sentence: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than the heating oil prices last year because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were paying for a barrel of crude oil last year.
That is the whole sentence, with absolutely nothing omitted, so that everything is perfectly clear. The GMAT would consider this completely redundant and much longer than necessary, because every single word in red is repeated. The words in red are words in the second branch or the parallelism that already appeared in the first branch. From the GMAT's point of view, it is redundant to repeat information in the second branch that we already know form the first branch. Thus, the GMAT recommends dropping all the words in red: when we do that, we get the prompt version, choice (A), of this SC problem, a sleek and elegant sentence. The GMAT loves elegance.

Your job on the GMAT SC is to see a sentence with the words already omitted in the second branch of parallelism and to figure out what words from the first branch would be needed to make sense of the second branch.

Does all this make sense?
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2009, 01:08
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A IMO
rise and higher together are redundant - B/E are out
last year's doesn't make a parallel consturction- C is out
and between A and D , D is wordy I think. Besides, using 'than' seems to be more correct than 'over'

What's OA?
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2009, 01:48
Natia wrote:
A IMO
rise and higher together are redundant - B/E are out
last year's doesn't make a parallel consturction- C is out
and between A and D , D is wordy I think. Besides, using 'than' seems to be more correct than 'over'

What's OA?

I'll also vote for A for the same reason.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2009, 01:29
cici wrote:
This is a question I had trouble in OG12th edition.
Plz help

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. A) B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's becuase refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher this year over last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were
E) It is the expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did Please articulate your answer, especially on the "comparison" used in this question Thnak you in advance! Thank you all, The OA is indeed A! But I still don't understand how "last" in "Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last" is enough to be compared with the "this year". Wouldn't I need to say "last year" instead of "last"? Director Joined: 25 Aug 2007 Posts: 943 WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain Followers: 77 Kudos [?]: 1329 [0], given: 40 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 May 2010, 01:02 I think there is some misprinting in OG. Even I found the same. IMO, this should be - ...higher this year than those of last year because... cici wrote: cici wrote: This is a question I had trouble in OG12th edition. Plz help Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

A)
B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's becuase refiners are paying about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were E) It is the expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did

Thank you all,

The OA is indeed A!

But I still don't understand how "last" in
"Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last"
is enough to be compared with the "this year".
Wouldn't I need to say "last year" instead of "last"?

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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2010, 00:12
Its clear we are comparing the heating oil prices of current year with the previous'

Refiners are paying the cruel oil prices not the taxes

You refine crude oil and get the heating - oil. Hence when the price of crude oil goes up then heating oil will become expensive.

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. _________________ Please press kudos if you like my post. Manager Joined: 09 Jun 2009 Posts: 212 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 278 [0], given: 6 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 10 Jun 2010, 12:56 Killer explanation.... I wanted to know the elipse funda...btw i've been hearing it for quite some time now...everytiime i think i caught a parallelism bug...it turns out to be ellipse.. Can we please discuss so that i dont commit a mistake again? Thanks SVP Joined: 17 Feb 2010 Posts: 1511 Followers: 19 Kudos [?]: 629 [0], given: 6 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jun 2010, 08:56 Can someone please explain why C is wrong. I thought the comparison is between this year's heating oil prices and last year's heating oil prices. option C Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's [heating-oil prices].....................correct comparison option A Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last [dont we need last year's heating-oil prices?] Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were (B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did

(C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did (D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher for this year over last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were

(E) It is expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did Director Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing. Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business Joined: 26 Nov 2009 Posts: 961 Location: Singapore Followers: 24 Kudos [?]: 805 [0], given: 36 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jun 2010, 11:26 Very nice explanation _________________ Please press kudos if you like my post. Manager Joined: 28 Jul 2009 Posts: 123 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 12 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Jun 2010, 22:33 nice explanation guys .. thanks .. Intern Joined: 02 Jul 2010 Posts: 26 Schools: Harvard (R2-applied), MIT (R2-applied) WE 1: Military WE 2: Social Entrepreneur Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 3 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Jul 2010, 07:35 Quote: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

Hi everyone .......

Thanks a lot for such a detailed explanation!!

There is just one thing that is still bugging me:-
In option A ----- "Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were" last year, shouldn't there be "paying" AGAIN after "were" to make it as: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were paying last year.

How can we hide "paying" ? Is this also ellipses ?? If so, kindly explain as i have NOT understood this well !!

Thanks so much
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2010, 04:36
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Hi tgtharvard,

Yes, this is ellipses. Since "paying" already appears in the sentence, there is no need to repeat it after the word "were".

Best,
Sarai

Dear Sarai ....

Thanks for clarifying that ..... !!

And now that it is indeed an ellipses, please bear with me as i have another doubt that comes to light if option A is correct. Please help me with this one as well !!! ....... Sorry for the trouble!!!! :-

In the last part of this sentence:
Quote:
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. Who does THEY refer to ???? Isn't it a case of unclear antecedent reference as "they" could refer to both "Heating-Oil prices" as well as "Refiners" ??? I know that the use of "were" makes it refer to "prices" but if we had used "did" instead of "were" it could as easily have referred to "refiners". In any case, the use of "were" or "did" doesnt stop "they from being called "an ambigios referrent", does it ?!?! I hope i have made my doubt clear and not confused you all further !! And if that is NOT the case, then could u please explain as to where am I faulting in my logic !!!! Thanks a ton ... Sam _________________ .... ........ ............ Intern Joined: 02 Jul 2010 Posts: 26 Schools: Harvard (R2-applied), MIT (R2-applied) WE 1: Military WE 2: Social Entrepreneur Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 3 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 11 Jul 2010, 04:55 Thank You for a gr8 & also a very prompt reply. Will keep this thing in mind. ....... Thanks a lot ...... Kudos to u ..... actually, let me give it rather than say it !!! _________________ .... ........ ............ Intern Joined: 10 Jul 2010 Posts: 2 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0 Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink] ### Show Tags 20 Jul 2010, 06:14 Hi, Sarai! thanks for the nice explanation first, helps a lot. but I still have a question concerning A... SaraiGMAXonline wrote: A. Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
What is compared here are the times-- "this year" and "last" (meaning "last year"-- this is an ellipses).

OA says that "the sentense connects a comparison between this year's and last year’s heating-oil prices", not the time frame...

i'm so confused, hope you can shed some light on this issue.
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Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 20:01
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Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's becuase refiners are paying about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were E) It is the expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 21:18
i did this question based on elimination, rather than selection.

you can straight away rule out c, d, and e because of the wordy nature of the sentences and the wrong grammar used.

from a and b, higher should be followed by 'than', so the OA should be A.

The options you suggested don't go with this construction of the sentence as the word
prices has been mentioned in the start of the sentence.

ps: if you give gmat prep's sc's, you'll find plenty of sc qsns which are not about the correct sentence/construction but finding the best of the lot.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 22:24
scheol79 wrote:
A.

This is a comparison question I often have trouble with, but I will do my best to explain.

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year. A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about$5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than (heating-oil prices were) last (year) Parentheses are omitted. - correct compoarison
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last year's or last's (Heating-oil prices) -wrong comparison. We are comparing this year to last year.
If you want to use last year's, we must write
This year's heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last year's or last's -correct

Let's say Heating-oil prices are just A. We can rewrite
A is expected to be higher this year than (A was) last (year). - correct
A is expected to be higher this year than last's (A) - wrong as this sentence is comparing this year to last year's A.
This year's A is expected to be higher this year than last year's/last's A - correct

B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did Higher over is unidiomatic. Higher...than is correct. rise higher is redundant. C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's becuase refiners are paying about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
are for heating-oil prices to be is wordy and confusing
last year's should be last year for the same reason mentioned in A.
are paying should be followed by they were

D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were It is the expectation that is unnecessarily wordy. It is expected that is better. 'higher....over' is wrong. 'higher...than' is correct. E) It is the expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about$5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
I think that you made a typo. Answer choice must be 'It is expected that' not 'it is the expected that,' which is correct.
rise higher is redundant.
last year's is wrong for the same reason explained earlier in answer A.

IMO A too.
it's all correct.Moreover, in options B and E rise higher is redundant.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2010, 00:49
C, D, E Out
B --> Higher ...over incorrect idiom
A is best option
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2011, 08:41
kindly post OA along with the questions
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2011, 07:51
Why "they were" is correct in A? Why not they did? In-fact, should we be repeating the entire verb when we change the tense - Re: MGMAT SC?
Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher th is year than   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2011, 07:51

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