It is currently 18 Oct 2017, 17:32

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Help with this sentence structure

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 20 Apr 2011
Posts: 2

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2011, 23:52
Someone please give a little explanation as to why the following structure is grammatically wrong/not allowed:

To increase efficiency, more cars were produced.
Due to higher costs, less spending is needed.

Where as the following is preferred:
To increase efficiency, the company produced more cars.
Due to higher costs, we need to reduce spending.

Is it because the first sentences are passive voice?

Thanks

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2138

Kudos [?]: 1600 [0], given: 8

Location: New York, NY
Re: Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Apr 2011, 08:07
capnx wrote:
Someone please give a little explanation as to why the following structure is grammatically wrong/not allowed:

To increase efficiency, more cars were produced.
Due to higher costs, less spending is needed.

Where as the following is preferred:
To increase efficiency, the company produced more cars.
Due to higher costs, we need to reduce spending.

Is it because the first sentences are passive voice?

Thanks

Hi capnx,
Yes--the first sentences are in passive voice. In general, the GMAT prefers active voice.
The GMAT guys prefer:

[A] did [B]

[B] was done by [A]

Does that mean that the answer cannot be in passive form? No!
Many times the correct answer is actually in passive voice form--but that's usually because another answer choice in active voice does not exist so it's the "best" among the available answer choices.

But just keep in mind that you PREFER active voice. You prefer [A] did [B].

Hope that helps!

Kudos [?]: 1600 [0], given: 8

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1109

Kudos [?]: 1171 [0], given: 29

Re: Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Apr 2011, 10:29
Passive voice is not the real problem here. In the first sentence, "To increase efficiency" is followed by "more cars." It is unclear who is trying to increase effiency. The second version fixes this problem by putting "the company" after the opening phrase.

As for the other sentence, neither version works well. "Due to" means "resulting from," and neither "we" nor "less spending" can be said to be resulting from the higher costs. Use "because of" here, since "because" can modify verbs and clauses.

Because of higher costs, we need to reduce spending.

The original sentence would not work this way. If we say "Because of higher costs, less spending is needed," it sounds as if the higher costs actually reduce the need for spending, when actually they are making a reduction necessary.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1171 [0], given: 29

Intern
Joined: 20 Apr 2011
Posts: 2

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2011, 17:23
You explained it very clearly.
Thanks

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 03 Mar 2011
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 12

GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
WE: Sales (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2011, 06:34
Correctly explained by Dmitry.
Both sentences have Wrong modifiers.

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 12

Manager
Joined: 15 Apr 2011
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 45

Re: Help with this sentence structure [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 May 2011, 23:08
Dmitry, thanks for the explanation
_________________

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 45

Re: Help with this sentence structure   [#permalink] 01 May 2011, 23:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by