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Manager  Joined: 01 Feb 2005
Posts: 205
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 21% (02:15) correct 79% (02:15) wrong based on 1388 sessions

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If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?

(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59561
Re: nonnegative integers - MGMAT Challenge  [#permalink]

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34
33
axl_oz wrote:
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)

Suppose you got the answer of 2 for the values of $$x$$ and $$y$$ as 4 and 2.

$$2^4+2^2=4^2+2^2$$ --> $$|4-2|=2$$

But if we check for $$y=0$$, we'll get:

$$2^x+2^0=x^2+0^2$$ --> $$2^x+1=x^2$$ --> $$2^x=(x-1)(x+1)$$ --> $$x=3$$

$$2^3+2^0=9=3^2+0^2$$

$$|x-y|=|3-0|=3$$

4 can not be the greatest value as when you increase $$x$$ so as $$x-y$$ to be $$4$$, $$2^x+2^y$$ will always be more than $$x^2+y^2$$.
Intern  Joined: 15 Jan 2013
Posts: 23
Concentration: Finance, Operations
GPA: 4
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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15
7
axl_oz wrote:
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?

(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)

Since we need to maximize the value of |x – y|, we can do that in two ways...1)make y negative, which is not possible as per the question...2)make y= 0..putting y=0 you will get an equation in x and on hit and trial method u will get the value of x as 3, which will satisfy the equation....
putting x=3 and y=0, we will get the value of |x – y| as 3.
##### General Discussion
Intern  Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 14
Re: nonnegative integers - MGMAT Challenge  [#permalink]

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2
Great Problem! Since your trying to find the greatest value of X-Y, you just have to assume that Y=0, like Bunel said and then use the "hit and trial" approach like xcusem... Said. The algebratic approach is great too, but I know for me personally it opens up the opportunity for me to make silly mistakes. So I try to not use it unless necessary.

Posted from my mobile device
Intern  Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 4
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GPA: 3.3
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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I have a question for Bunuel: we know that |x−y| = ((x-y)*2)*1/2 = (x*2+y*2-2xy)*1/2

so substituting the value of x*2 +y*2 as 2*x + 2*y in the above equation

I got |x−y| = (2*x + 2*y -2xy)*1/2

then, substituting values for x (taking y=0)...the max value for x can be anything more than 0, coz if you take (x=4) then u'l end up with |x−y| = 4

please can you help me with this problem, where did I go wrong???
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59561
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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1
Ace99 wrote:
I have a question for Bunuel: we know that |x−y| = ((x-y)*2)*1/2 = (x*2+y*2-2xy)*1/2

so substituting the value of x*2 +y*2 as 2*x + 2*y in the above equation

I got |x−y| = (2*x + 2*y -2xy)*1/2

then, substituting values for x (taking y=0)...the max value for x can be anything more than 0, coz if you take (x=4) then u'l end up with |x−y| = 4

please can you help me with this problem, where did I go wrong???

I don't understand the red part above at all...
Intern  Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 4
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GPA: 3.3
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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sorry...what i meant to say was, if you took the eq: |x−y| = (2*x + 2*y -2xy)*1/2

and substitute the values (x = 4 & y = 0), then we'll end up with |x−y| = (17)*1/2 (which is almost equal to 4)

but before u mentioned the max value of |x−y| = 3.

did i do something wrong??
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59561
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Ace99 wrote:
sorry...what i meant to say was, if you took the eq: |x−y| = (2*x + 2*y -2xy)*1/2

and substitute the values (x = 4 & y = 0), then we'll end up with |x−y| = (17)*1/2 (which is almost equal to 4)

but before u mentioned the max value of |x−y| = 3.

did i do something wrong??

First of all, I think you mean 2^x + 2^y -2xy rather than 2*x + 2*y -2xy.

Next, x=4 and y=0 does NOT satisfy 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, thus these values are not possible.

Hope it's clear.
Manager  Joined: 14 Aug 2005
Posts: 55
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Brunel and all,

Is it a rule to apply one value as zero whenever it is given:

1) Both x and y are non-negative integers
2) we need to find the max value of x-y

What if we are asked to find the min ? how do we solve those questions and also, what would be the approach for min and max value of x+y ? Can u guys pls advise?
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9849
Location: Pune, India
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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14
7
surya167 wrote:
Brunel and all,

Is it a rule to apply one value as zero whenever it is given:

1) Both x and y are non-negative integers
2) we need to find the max value of x-y

What if we are asked to find the min ? how do we solve those questions and also, what would be the approach for min and max value of x+y ? Can u guys pls advise?

Usually, when you are checking for numbers, you do check for 0. It's often a transition point for patterns. Secondly, the question used the term 'non-negative integers' instead of 'positive integers' - this means 0 would probably have a role to play.
There are no such rules but common sense says that we must not ignore 0.

Also, this question doesn't really test max min concepts. It is a direct application of your understanding of exponential relations discussed in the post: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/01 ... cognition/

Now, when we look at the equation, 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, some things come to mind:
1. It is not very easy to find values that satisfy this equation.
2. But there must be some values which satisfy since we are looking for a value of |x – y|
3. If x = y = 2, the equation is satisfied since all terms become equal and |x – y| = 0 which is the minimum value of |x – y|.

Usually, the left hand side will be greater than the right hand side (as discussed in the post, 2^n will usually be greater than x^2 except in very few cases). So we must focus on those 'very few cases'. Also, we need to make x and y unequal.

We know (from the post) that 2^4 = 4^2 is one solution so we could put x = 4 while keeping y = 2. The equation will be satisfied and |x – y| = 2

Now, we also know that 2^x < x^2 when x = 3. So is there a solution there as well? The difference between 2^3 and 3^2 is of 1 so can we create a difference of 1 between the other two terms? Sure! If y = 0, then 2^0 = 1 but 0^2 = 0.
So another solution is 2^3 + 2^0 = 3^2 + 0^2.
Here, |x – y| = 3 which is the maximum difference.

The reason we can be sure that there are no other values is that as you go ahead of 4 on the number line, 2^n will be greater than n^2 (again, discussed in the post). So both left hand side terms will be greater than the right hand side terms i.e. 2^x > x^2 and 2^y > y^2. So, for no other values can we satisfy this equation.

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Manager  B
Joined: 16 Jan 2011
Posts: 89
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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6
the expression |x-y| to reach its maximum we need y to be 0. Hence, we need to find X.

therefore, 2^x+2^y=x^2+^2 --> 2^x+1=x^2 what means that x is odd. Only 3 satisfies this equation: 2^3+1=3^2.
Hence, x must be equal 3
Intern  Joined: 25 Oct 2013
Posts: 16
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
misanguyen2010 wrote:
axl_oz wrote:
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?

(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)

|x – y| for x and y 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2
A. x= y x=y=1 2 + 2 = 1 + 1 wrong
B. 1 x=2, y=1 4 + 2 = 4 + 1 wrong
C. 2 x=3, y=1 8 + 2 = 9 + 1 right
D. 3 x=4, y =1 16 + 2 = 16 + 1 wrong
E. 4 x=5, y =1 32 + 2 = 25 + 1 wrong

I explained what i confused. Of course I read previous answers and all chose D.
However, from what i found, i chose C. That s why i posted here. I dont know which is wrong in my answer.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59561
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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1
1
misanguyen2010 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
misanguyen2010 wrote:
|x – y| for x and y 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2
A. x= y x=y=1 2 + 2 = 1 + 1 wrong
B. 1 x=2, y=1 4 + 2 = 4 + 1 wrong
C. 2 x=3, y=1 8 + 2 = 9 + 1 right
D. 3 x=4, y =1 16 + 2 = 16 + 1 wrong
E. 4 x=5, y =1 32 + 2 = 25 + 1 wrong

I explained what i confused. Of course I read previous answers and all chose D.
However, from what i found, i chose C. That s why i posted here. I dont know which is wrong in my answer.

To get the greatest value of |x-y| as 3 consider x=3 and y=0. Notice that these values satisfy $$2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2$$ --> $$2^3 + 2^0 =9= 3^2 + 0^2$$.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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For x>4,y>4
2^x > x^2 ||| 2^y > y^2
Hence maximum we need to check till (x,y) = {0,1,2,3}

By hit and trial .

For x=3,y=1 and x=4,y=2
|x-y| = 2

Draw the graph for 2^x and x^2. The solution becomes simpler .
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Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Here is how I done it:

1) If |x-y| needs to be max then Y=0, because Y² is only positive
2) Check the answers, those are only integers, you are therefore looking for an integer
3) You have the equation 2^x +1 = X²
4) Use the different choices and you will see that only 3 matches.

Hope it helps!
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Manager  Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 99
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Maximize |x-y| by either making y negative or y = 0. y cannot be negative as given, so make y = 0.

Plug 0 in for y to get x^2 - 1 = 2^x
x^2 -1^2=2^x
If two integers have a median value, then they have a difference of squares.
We already know that they have a difference of squares, so we need to find the median value.
(x+1)(x-1)=2^x
x can only be odd numbers for there to be a median integer.
Plug 3 and you get 4*2 = 2^3. That works, so x=3.
Intern  Joined: 03 Jul 2015
Posts: 27
Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
axl_oz wrote:
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)

Suppose you got the answer of 2 for the values of $$x$$ and $$y$$ as 4 and 2.

$$2^4+2^2=4^2+2^2$$ --> $$|4-2|=2$$

But if we check for $$y=0$$, we'll get:

$$2^x+2^0=x^2+0^2$$ --> $$2^x+1=x^2$$ --> $$2^x=(x-1)(x+1)$$ --> $$x=3$$

$$2^3+2^0=9=3^2+0^2$$

$$|x-y|=|3-0|=3$$

4 can not be the greatest value as when you increase $$x$$ so as $$x-y$$ to be $$4$$, $$2^x+2^y$$ will always be more than $$x^2+y^2$$.

how to simplify this withlout calculator 2^x = x^2-1
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If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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1
anik19890 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
axl_oz wrote:
If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

This is a challenge problem on MGMAT. I do not have the answer to the question... But on solving the problem I got the answer of 2 (not sure if it is right)

Suppose you got the answer of 2 for the values of $$x$$ and $$y$$ as 4 and 2.

$$2^4+2^2=4^2+2^2$$ --> $$|4-2|=2$$

But if we check for $$y=0$$, we'll get:

$$2^x+2^0=x^2+0^2$$ --> $$2^x+1=x^2$$ --> $$2^x=(x-1)(x+1)$$ --> $$x=3$$

$$2^3+2^0=9=3^2+0^2$$

$$|x-y|=|3-0|=3$$

4 can not be the greatest value as when you increase $$x$$ so as $$x-y$$ to be $$4$$, $$2^x+2^y$$ will always be more than $$x^2+y^2$$.

how to simplify this withlout calculator 2^x = x^2-1

You can simplify via :

1. Graphical method. Plot graphs for $$2^x$$ and $$x^2-1$$ and see where these intersect and these points of intersections will give you possible values of x satisfying the given equation or

2. Iterative process wherein you find what value of x satisfy the equation $$2^x$$ = $$x^2 - 1$$ , in this case as $$2^x$$ > 0 (for all x), I will not use x<0 values, x=3 satisfies the value.

Graphical method is a bit more 'complex' if you are not comfortable with graphs and coordinate geometry. If given as a part of GMAT question, rest assured you can follow method 2 and you will be able to find a small enough value satisfying the given equation. In the case above, I saw that $$2^x$$> 0 for all x, thus started with x =1,2,3... etc

Hope this helps.
Intern  Joined: 22 Sep 2014
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If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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[quote="dharam831"]If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are non-negative integers, what is the greatest possible value of |x – y|?

(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4

hi,

It is given that |x-y| should be maximize and both x and y can not be negative (they are non-negative integers). This means to maximize |x-y| y value should be zero.
Now if y=0, then the equation will be :
2^x + 2^0 = x^2 + 0^2
=> 2^x +1 = x^2
=> x^2 - 2^x = 1
This is possible in only one condition when 3^2 - 2^3. and hence x = 3.
So, maximum value of |x-y| is |3-0| = 3 Ans(D).
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  [#permalink]

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Hi All,

This question is layered with clues to help us solve it, but the work that we'll do is more "brute force" than anything else.

We're given 3 pieces of information:

1: 2^x+2^y=x^2+y^2
2: X and Y are NON-NEGATIVE integers (this means that they're either 0 or positive)
3: The answers are small integers (0 - 4, inclusive)

We're asked for the GREATEST possible value of |X-Y|…..

From the answers, we know that X and Y have to be relatively "close" on the number line. Next, the phrase "non-negative" is interesting - it gets me thinking that one of the values is probably going to be 0.

Now, let's do a few brute force calculations so we can see the results:

2^0 = 1
2^1 = 2
2^2 = 4
2^3 = 8
2^4 = 16

0^2 = 0
1^2 = 1
2^2 = 4
3^2 = 9
4^2 = 16

According to the given equation, we need to sum two values from the first list and sum the two corresponding values from the second list (and have the results equal one another). There are a couple of ways to do that, but we want the GREATEST possible difference between X and Y….

If X = 3 and Y = 0, then we'd have

2^x+2^y=x^2+y^2
8 + 1 = 9 + 0
9 = 9

|3 - 0| = 3

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________ Re: If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2018, 15:09

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# If 2^x + 2^y = x^2 + y^2, where x and y are nonnegative inte  