Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

 It is currently 23 Jul 2019, 07:12 ### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director  V
Joined: 12 Feb 2015
Posts: 875
If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
7 00:00

Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 69% (01:42) correct 31% (02:16) wrong based on 121 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible root of $$x^2 – 6x + k$$ = 0?
A) 1
B) 3−$$\sqrt{5}$$
C) 2
D) 4
E) 3+$$\sqrt{5}$$

_________________
"Please hit +1 Kudos if you like this post" _________________
Manish "Only I can change my life. No one can do it for me"
Director  V
Joined: 12 Feb 2015
Posts: 875
Re: If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

4
2
Official Solution:-

There are several indications that this will be a challenging problem. First, it is a Quadratic Equations problem with an unknown constant. It will be hard to factor in a meaningful way. Second, the question asks which is NOT a possible root. That means there are at least four possible roots to this quadratic, and it’s possible you will have to solve for all of them. Third, some of the answers have square roots in them, meaning the algebra could be complex. On the other hand, the answer choices represent possible values for x, which means that Working Backwards is an option.

Jot down what’s given:
x^2 – 6x + k = 0
k = multiple of 4
Q: x ≠ ?

Step 2: Reflect Organize
Because of the difficulties of this problem, this may be a good question to skip. However, two things strongly suggest that the right solution path is to Work Backwards. First, because it’s asking which answer is NOT a root, four are roots, and you can plug the answer choices into the equation to determine which four work. Second, three of the five answer choices are very simple numbers. Plan to work backwards.

Step 3: Work
Work Backwards
When Working Backwards, it is often best to start with answer choice (B) or (D). But on this problem, identifying that an answer is wrong will not give any clue as to whether the right answer should be larger or smaller. On this problem, you are more likely to save time by starting with any of the three easier answer choices. Save choices (B) and (E) for last.

A) 1 Substitute for x
(1)^2 – 6(1) + k = 0
1 – 6 + k = 0
–5 + k = 0
k = 5

If x is 1, k is not a multiple of 4. Choice (A) is correct. The work for the other choices is shown below in case you started Working Backwards from any other answer choice.

C) 2 Substitute for x
(2)^2 – 6(2) + k = 0
4 – 12 + k = 0
–8 + k = 0
k = 8

Two is a possible root, eliminate choice (C).

D) 4 Substitute for x
(4)^2 – 6(4) + k = 0
16 – 24 + k = 0
–8 + k = 0
k = 8

Four is a possible root, eliminate choice (D).

Don’t test the more challenging answer choices unless you’ve eliminated the easier three, which you should not be able to for this problem. However, the work to test them is shown below.

B) 3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$ Substitute for x
(3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$)2 – 6(3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$) + k = 0
– 4 + k = 0
k = 4

Eliminate choice (B).

E) 3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$ Substitute for x
(3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$)2 – 6(3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$) + k = 0
–4 + k = 0
k = 4

Eliminate choice (E).

_________________
"Please hit +1 Kudos if you like this post" _________________
Manish "Only I can change my life. No one can do it for me"
##### General Discussion
Manager  S
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 57
Location: Sweden
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
Re: If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

CAMANISHPARMAR wrote:
Official Solution:-

There are several indications that this will be a challenging problem. First, it is a Quadratic Equations problem with an unknown constant. It will be hard to factor in a meaningful way. Second, the question asks which is NOT a possible root. That means there are at least four possible roots to this quadratic, and it’s possible you will have to solve for all of them. Third, some of the answers have square roots in them, meaning the algebra could be complex. On the other hand, the answer choices represent possible values for x, which means that Working Backwards is an option.

Jot down what’s given:
x^2 – 6x + k = 0
k = multiple of 4
Q: x ≠ ?

Step 2: Reflect Organize
Because of the difficulties of this problem, this may be a good question to skip. However, two things strongly suggest that the right solution path is to Work Backwards. First, because it’s asking which answer is NOT a root, four are roots, and you can plug the answer choices into the equation to determine which four work. Second, three of the five answer choices are very simple numbers. Plan to work backwards.

Step 3: Work
Work Backwards
When Working Backwards, it is often best to start with answer choice (B) or (D). But on this problem, identifying that an answer is wrong will not give any clue as to whether the right answer should be larger or smaller. On this problem, you are more likely to save time by starting with any of the three easier answer choices. Save choices (B) and (E) for last.

A) 1 Substitute for x
(1)^2 – 6(1) + k = 0
1 – 6 + k = 0
–5 + k = 0
k = 5

If x is 1, k is not a multiple of 4. Choice (A) is correct. The work for the other choices is shown below in case you started Working Backwards from any other answer choice.

C) 2 Substitute for x
(2)^2 – 6(2) + k = 0
4 – 12 + k = 0
–8 + k = 0
k = 8

Two is a possible root, eliminate choice (C).

D) 4 Substitute for x
(4)^2 – 6(4) + k = 0
16 – 24 + k = 0
–8 + k = 0
k = 8

Four is a possible root, eliminate choice (D).

Don’t test the more challenging answer choices unless you’ve eliminated the easier three, which you should not be able to for this problem. However, the work to test them is shown below.

B) 3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$ Substitute for x
(3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$)2 – 6(3 – $$\sqrt{5}$$) + k = 0
– 4 + k = 0
k = 4

Eliminate choice (B).

E) 3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$ Substitute for x
(3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$)2 – 6(3 + $$\sqrt{5}$$) + k = 0
–4 + k = 0
k = 4

Eliminate choice (E).

Great approach! Much faster than Competing the square

Posted from my mobile device
_________________
* * *
Wish my good luck for 700 before Christmas!
If you think my post provided any help, please give +1 kudos, it helps a lot! <3
VP  D
Status: Learning stage
Joined: 01 Oct 2017
Posts: 1028
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)
If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
2
CAMANISHPARMAR wrote:
If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible root of $$x^2 – 6x + k$$ = 0?
A) 1
B) 3−$$\sqrt{5}$$
C) 2
D) 4
E) 3+$$\sqrt{5}$$

Quick observations:-

1) Irrational roots of a QE always occur in pair. Eliminate B & E. (if 3+$$\sqrt{5}$$ is one of the roots of the QE, then 3−$$\sqrt{5}$$ must be the other root of the QE.)

2) Sum of the roots of a quadratic equation=-$$\frac{b}{a}$$=-$$\frac{(-6)}{1}$$=6
& product of the roots=$$\frac{c}{a}$$=$$\frac{k}{1}$$=k, a multiple of 4.
So, the roots could be 2 and 4. (product of roots=2*4=8, a multiple of 4. sum of roots=6=2+4)
Now eliminate C & D.

Ans. (A)

P.S:- It may save 1:30 minutes in real exam.
_________________
Regards,

PKN

Rise above the storm, you will find the sunshine
Intern  B
Joined: 25 Jul 2012
Posts: 27
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GMAT 1: 660 Q44 V37 Re: If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
For checking whether the given value is a root of the equation, always substitute the given number as value of x and check.
_________________
If you like my post, consider giving me KUDOS Manager  S
Joined: 20 Jul 2018
Posts: 87
GPA: 2.87
Re: If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

let's start by plugging in all the answers in the equation and find the value of k which results in non multiple of 4.
only by putting x=1 gives us k=5 which is non multiple of 4.
_________________
Hasnain Afzal

"When you wanna succeed as bad as you wanna breathe, then you will be successful." -Eric Thomas Re: If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2018, 09:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# If k is a multiple of 4, which of the following is NOT a possible.....  