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Manager  Joined: 17 Jul 2009
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If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 42% (01:50) correct 58% (01:40) wrong based on 309 sessions

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If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?

(1) N = 5
(2) MN is even

Originally posted by sprtng on 06 Aug 2009, 20:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 Jul 2015, 14:45, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Posts: 57255
Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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4
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chiragatara wrote:
If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N) / 3 an integer?

1. N = 5
2. MN is even

Answer to question is E.

From statement 1 and 2, M has to be Even Positive as N = 5 and MN is even.

Now when 5 is added to 10^M where M is even positive and then divided by 3 it always results into an integer.

Basically the the question ask whether $$10^m+n$$ is divisible by 3. Now, in order $$10^m+n$$ to be divisible by 3:
A. It must be an integer, and B. the sum of its digits must be multiple of 3.

(1) N = 5 --> if $$m<0$$ (-1, -2, ...) then $$10^m+n$$ won't be an integer at all (for example if $$m=-1$$ --> $$10^m+n=\frac{1}{10}+5=\frac{51}{10}\neq{integer}$$), thus won't be divisible by 3, but if $$m\geq{0}$$ (0, 1, 2, ...) then $$10^m+n$$ will be an integer and also the sum of its digits will be divisible by 3 (for example for $$m=1$$ --> $$10^m+n=10+5=15$$ --> 15 is divisible by 3). Not sufficient.

(2) MN is even --> clearly insufficient, as again $$m$$ can be -2 and $$n$$ any integer and the answer to the question will be NO or $$m$$ can be 0 and $$n$$ can be 2 and the answer to the question will be YES. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From $$mn=even$$ and $$n=5$$ it's still possible for $$m$$ to be negative even integer (-2, -4, ...), so $$10^m+n$$ may or may not be divisible by 3. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.
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Re: If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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1
A

Statement 1: if u take N=5 and any value for M it will always hold true that is (10^M + N)/3 an integer; becoz 10^M ( let M = any value) will always leave a reminder of 1....and 1+5 = 6 which is divisable by 3 ....sufficient

Statement 2 : if MN is even ...this means (M,N) can be both even or odd (except both being odd at a time)....if taken an example....

(M,N) => (1,2) => 10+2 =12/3 => integer
(M,N) => (1,4) => 10+4 =14/3 => non-integer

hence insufficient

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GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40 Re: If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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1
1
Let's consider $$10^M$$

at M>=0: $$10^M = {1, 10, 100, 1000....}$$ or $$3k+1$$
at M<0: 10^M is a fraction and our expression is not an integer.

Now, let's see our statements:

1) N=5
at M>=0: (3k+1 + 5) /3 = k+2 - an integer
at M<0: a fraction.
insufficient

2) MN is even
a) at M=2, N=5 our expression is an integer
b) at M=-2, N=-5 our expression in a fraction
insufficient

1)&2) N=5 & MN is even --> N=5, M is even
For all even M>=0 we will get an integer.
Now we have interesting question: Could negative numbers be even or odd?
if yes, we can choose M=-2, N=5 and get a fraction.
if no, M cannot be negative and two statements are sufficient.

Judging by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Even_and_odd_numbers negative integers can be classified as odd/even. So, our answer is insufficient.

E
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Re: If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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how did you get 3k + 1? can someone please explain? thanks.
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Re: If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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10^K = 3k+1: for any K>=0
It means any number which is 10^K i.e. 1,10,100,1000 ..., when divide by 3, gives remainder 1.
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Re: If M and N are integers, is (10^M + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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Thanks I committed 2 careless mistakes

Initially I chose A ignoring the fact M and are just integers not positive integers

and then I chose C since MN is even I just assumed it is positive.

but the correct ans is E since both statements would be insufficient to ans the question
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If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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1
If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?

(1) N = 5
(2) MN is even

Answer to question is .

From statement 1 and 2, M has to be Even Positive as N = 5 and MN is even.

Now when 5 is added to 10^M where M is even positive and then divided by 3 it always results into an integer.

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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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Thanks for the question...I missed the negative case in this question as well.

Bunuel, thanks for solving.
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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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Hi,

"I read in a forum that negative numbers cannot be tagged as odd or even. So, if I get a DS question stating that X is a even integer, then it also implies that X>=0."

However, in the question given below, the logic is not holding true. I was considering the right answer to be C), because if MN = even and N =5 , then it implies that M must be odd integer (and hence M is > 0). Can you clarify if the argument above is false?

If M and N are integers, is 10M+N3 an integer?
(1) N=5

(2) MN is even

Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.Mark as a guessHide Answer
The question does not mention whether M and N are positive. Hence, the statements taken together are not sufficient because the answer is YES if M=2, N=5 and NO if M=−2; N=5.

The correct answer is E
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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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SurabhiStar wrote:
Hi,

"I read in a forum that negative numbers cannot be tagged as odd or even. So, if I get a DS question stating that X is a even integer, then it also implies that X>=0."

However, in the question given below, the logic is not holding true. I was considering the right answer to be C), because if MN = even and N =5 , then it implies that M must be odd integer (and hence M is > 0). Can you clarify if the argument above is false?

If M and N are integers, is 10M+N3 an integer?
(1) N=5
(2) MN is even

First, every number except zero "0" can be categorized either Even or odd.
Secondly, "X is a even integer" does not necessarily mean X>=0. X can be smaller than 0 as well.
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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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fameatop wrote:
SurabhiStar wrote:
Hi,

"I read in a forum that negative numbers cannot be tagged as odd or even. So, if I get a DS question stating that X is a even integer, then it also implies that X>=0."

However, in the question given below, the logic is not holding true. I was considering the right answer to be C), because if MN = even and N =5 , then it implies that M must be odd integer (and hence M is > 0). Can you clarify if the argument above is false?

If M and N are integers, is 10M+N3 an integer?
(1) N=5
(2) MN is even

First, every number except zero "0" can be categorized either Even or odd.
Secondly, "X is a even integer" does not necessarily mean X>=0. X can be smaller than 0 as well.

1. EVEN/ODD

An even number is an integer that is "evenly divisible" by 2, i.e., divisible by 2 without a remainder.

An odd number is an integer that is not evenly divisible by 2.

According to the above both negative and positive integers can be even or odd.

2. ZERO

Zero is an even integer. Zero is nether positive nor negative, but zero is definitely an even number.

An even number is an integer that is "evenly divisible" by 2, i.e., divisible by 2 without a remainder and as zero is evenly divisible by 2 then it must be even (in fact zero is divisible by every integer except zero itself).

Hope it helps.
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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Hi All,

This DS question can be solved by TESTing VALUES, but you have to thorough with your TESTs and thinking.

We're told that M and N are INTEGERS. We're asked if (10^M + N)/3 is an integer. This is a YES/NO question.

Fact 1: N = 5

IF....
M = 0
N = 5
6/3 IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES.

IF...
M = 1
N = 5
15/3 IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES.

At this point, it might be tempting to say that Fact 1 is sufficient, but we have NOT yet considered ALL TYPES of integers....

IF...
M = -1
N = 5
5.1/3 is NOT an integer and the answer to the question is NO.
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

Fact 2: MN is EVEN

IF...
M = 0
N = 5
6/3 is an integer and the answer to the question is YES.

IF....
M = 0
N = 1
2/3 is NOT an integer and the answer to the question is NO.
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

Combined, we know....
N = 5,
MN is EVEN

IF....
M = 0
N = 5
6/3 is an integer and the answer to the question is YES.

IF....
M = -2
N = 5
5.01/3 is NOT an integer and the answer to the question is NO.
Combined, INSUFFICIENT

Final Answer:

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Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/ Intern  Joined: 26 Mar 2013 Posts: 19 Location: India Concentration: Finance, Strategy Schools: Booth PT '18 (S) Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? [#permalink] ### Show Tags Nice question.... Initially didnt observe that M can be negative....then it looked too easy....well had it come in the early part of real test....i wud have thought im still in easy qtns zone....and put it as A Thanks for posting the question Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor D Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 9561 Location: Pune, India Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 chiragatara wrote: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? (1) N = 5 (2) MN is even Answer to question is . From statement 1 and 2, M has to be Even Positive as N = 5 and MN is even. Now when 5 is added to 10^M where M is even positive and then divided by 3 it always results into an integer. M25-07 Question: Is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? Re-worded: Is (10^M + N) a multiple of 3? Note that 10^M will be something like 1000... if M is non-negative. Then, 10^M will be of the form (3a+1) because it will leave remainder 1 when divided by 3. If M is negative, 10^M will not be an integer. Assuming M is non-negative, for 10^M + N to be a multiple of 3, N should be of them form 3n+2. (1) N = 5 We don't know whether M is non-negative. Not sufficient. (2) MN is even again, we don't know whether M is non-negative. Not sufficient. Using both, we know that M is even since N = 5 (odd) but we don't know whether it is non-negative. Answer (E) _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options > Intern  B Joined: 19 Sep 2016 Posts: 35 Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? [#permalink] ### Show Tags VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: chiragatara wrote: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? (1) N = 5 (2) MN is even Answer to question is . From statement 1 and 2, M has to be Even Positive as N = 5 and MN is even. Now when 5 is added to 10^M where M is even positive and then divided by 3 it always results into an integer. M25-07 Question: Is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? Re-worded: Is (10^M + N) a multiple of 3? Note that 10^M will be something like 1000... if M is non-negative. Then, 10^M will be of the form (3a+1) because it will leave remainder 1 when divided by 3. If M is negative, 10^M will not be an integer. Assuming M is non-negative, for 10^M + N to be a multiple of 3, N should be of them form 3n+2. (1) N = 5 We don't know whether M is non-negative. Not sufficient. (2) MN is even again, we don't know whether M is non-negative. Not sufficient. Using both, we know that M is even since N = 5 (odd) but we don't know whether it is non-negative. Answer (E) should the answer not be A as statement one tells us that the expression will be an integer. the question asks if the expression will be an integer and it is clearly visible that the statement 1 with N=5 will not leave a remainder and hence be divisible and hence will be an integer. Is this not sufficient to answer. the expression can also be written as (10^m)/3 + (N/3) = (1^m)/3 + 5/3= remainder of 0 and hence will be an integer. theoretically this should suffice, however, plugging values is a different result. please clear the doubt. EMPOWERgmat Instructor V Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat Joined: 19 Dec 2014 Posts: 14868 Location: United States (CA) GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer? [#permalink] ### Show Tags Hi kaulshanx, The prompt tells us that M and N are integers. It does NOT state that they are necessarily positive integers though. If you assume that M and N are positive, then your deduction is correct. However, what if M = -1.....? That IS an integer, but it will NOT lead to an integer result when you answer the question. GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich _________________ 760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com *****Select EMPOWERgmat Courses now include ALL 6 Official GMAC CATs!***** # Rich Cohen Co-Founder & GMAT Assassin Follow Special Offer: Save$75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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I made one of the classic mistake of considering M only as a positive integer when i read M and N are integers and chose option A incorrectly.

Good question
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Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?  [#permalink]

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statement 1:
10^1+5/3=Integer
10^-1+5=(1/10+5)/3=Not an integer
INSUFFICENT

Statement 2:
Clearly insufficent

1&2, clearly insufficent

Hence---> E.
Kudos please :D Re: If M and N are integers, is ((10^M)) + N)/3 an integer?   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 12:58
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