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# If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(x + m)(x + n) is a quadratic equation that has m and n as roots..
$$(x + m)(x + n)=x^2+(m+n)x+mn$$..
Therefore, $$x^2+(m+n)x+mn=x^2 + 5x + mn$$
Thus m+n is the sum of roots and is equal to 5

(2) mn = 4
Mainly for C trap.
Insuff

A
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(2) mn = 4

DS53602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION

We know that $$m$$ and $$n$$ are integers. The original question: $$m+n=?$$

1) We know that $$(x+m)(x+n)=x^2+5x+mn$$ and $$x\neq 0$$.

$$x^2+mx+nx+mn=x^2+5x+mn$$

$$x(m+n)=5x$$

Since $$x\neq 0$$, we can divide both sides of the above equation by $$x$$.

$$m+n=5$$. Thus, the answer to the original question is a unique value. $$\implies$$ Sufficient

2) We know that $$mn=4$$ and can test possible cases. If $$m=2$$ and $$n=2$$, then $$m+n=4$$. However, if $$m=4$$ and $$n=1$$, then $$m+n=5$$. Thus, we can't get a unique value to answer the original question. $$\implies$$ Insufficient

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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(2) mn = 4

DS53602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION

#1
solve for
(x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
we get m+n= 5
sufficeint
#2
mn=4
not sufficeint
IMO A
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(2) mn = 4

DS53602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION

Statement One Alone:

(x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.

Foiling we have:

x^2 + mx + nx + mn = x^2 + 5x + mn

mx + nx = 5x

x(m + n) = 5x

m + n = 5

Statement one alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Statement Two Alone:

mn = 4

Only knowing the product and m and n does not give us enough information to determine the sum of n and m. For example, if m = 1 and n = 4, then m + n = 5. However, if m = n = 2, then m + n = 4. Statement two alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Kudos
Hi All,

We're told that M and N are INTEGERS. We're asked for the value of M+N. This question can be solved with a mix of Algebra and TESTing VALUES.

(1) (X + M)(X + N) = X^2 + 5X + (M)(N) and X ≠ 0.

The equation in Fact 1 should get us thinking about a Quadratic and how we can F.O.I.L. the parentheses and get the given result. Notice that the 'middle' term is "+5X"; this provides a huge clue about how M and N relate to one another. Since the SUM of M and N must be +5, you can stop right here (since the question asks for that exact value). If you didn't immediately recognize that though, you can run a few TESTs and see what happens...

IF....
M=1 and N=4, then (X+1)(X+4) = X^2 +5X + 4 and the answer to the question is 5.
M=2 and N=3, then (X+2)(X+3) = X^2 +5X + 6 and the answer to the question is 5.
M=6 and N= -1, then (X+6)(X-1) = X^2 +5X - 6 and the answer to the question is 5.
Etc.
The answer to the question is ALWAYS 5.
Fact 1 is SUFFICIENT

(2) (M)(N) = 4

With the equation in Fact 2, we can come up with a couple of simple examples...
IF....
M=1 and N=4, then the answer to the question is 5.
M=2 and N=2, then the answer to the question is 4.
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
Quote:
If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(2) mn = 4

Quote:
(2) mn = 4

if m=4, n=1, then m+n=5
again, if m=-4, n=-1, then m+n=-5
So, insufficient.. Cancel choice B,D

Quote:
(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0

we can solve this question with an easiest way..
Here, there are two sides (LHS and RHS). In the LHS (x*x) gives the value x^2 in the RHS (blue color); also the in the LHS (m*n) gives the result mn in the RHS (underlined part). If this happens in both side of the equation, you'll get m+n=5 (co-efficient of x in the middle of the LHS-in the red color).
So, m+n=5--->sufficient.
Correct choice A
Hope it helps..
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n?

(1) (x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0.
(2) mn = 4

(1) $$(x + m)(x + n) = x^2 + 5x + mn$$

$$⇒ x^2+nx+mx+mn=x^2+5x+mn$$

$$⇒ x(m+n)=5x$$

$$⇒ m+n=5$$; Sufficient.

(2) Insufficient.

The answer is $$A$$
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Video solution from Quant Reasoning:
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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Re: If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? [#permalink]
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