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If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because

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If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 00:42
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Question Stats:

62% (01:25) correct 38% (01:08) wrong based on 149 sessions

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If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because it creates instability in the region, then all foreign aid must be stopped.

Which of the following is most like the argument above in its logical structure?

(A) If a war in Central America is to be condemned because all killing is immoral, then all war must be condemned.
(B) If charitable donations are obligatory for those who are rich, then it is certain that the poor will be provided for.
(C) If the fascist government in Chile is to be overthrown because it violates the rights of the people, then all government must be overthrown.
(D) If a proposed weapons system is to be rejected because there are insufficient funds to pay for it, then the system must be purchased when the funds are available.
(E) If a sociological theory is widely accepted but later proven wrong by facts, then a new theory should be proposed that takes account of the additional data.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 03:42
I chose C. The following is my reasoning. Hope to receive comments, if any, from you guys :-)

If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because it creates instability in the region, then all foreign aid must be stopped.

Structure: If a particular type of A gets B because that type makes something, then all types of A get B too.

(A) If a war in Central America is to be condemned because all killing is immoral, then all war must be condemned.
=> Wrong. Reason cited must come from the particular war in CA only, while "all killing" refers to a feature of all.

(B) If charitable donations are obligatory for those who are rich, then it is certain that the poor will be provided for.
=> Wrong. No reason is mentioned. Furthermore, the conclusion should be generalizing all types, rather than switching to a new type - "the poor".

(C) If the fascist government in Chile is to be overthrown because it violates the rights of the people, then all government must be overthrown.
=> CORRECT! It closely follows the above structure

(D) If a proposed weapons system is to be rejected because there are insufficient funds to pay for it, then the system must be purchased when the funds are available.
=> Wrong. This option mentions no generalization, instead, it focuses on "a proposed weapons system".

(E) If a sociological theory is widely accepted but later proven wrong by facts, then a new theory should be proposed that takes account of the additional data.
=> Wrong. No reason is cited.

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Re: If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 02:10
The correct answer is (C). The argument in the question stem commits the fallacy of hasty generalization in two respects. It reasons from military aid to Latin America (a particular type of aid to a certain region) to the general conclusion that all aid must be stopped, regardless of type or of recipient. (C) parallels this. From a particular conclusion about one form of government in one country, it moves to a general conclusion about all government—regardless of form or of society. Although (A), (B), and (D) have superficial similarities of content (war, donation, military), the logical structures of these arguments differ from that of the stem paragraph. (A) is a valid argument: Given anything that is a war, if any war is to be condemned, then all wars are to be condemned. (B) is not a valid argument but a nonsequitur. It does not follow that an obligation on one party guarantees a benefit to any other. For example, there may not be enough rich to provide for all the poor. (D) is also a nonsequitur. That we reject a system now because we lack the money to buy it does not imply we should buy it when we have funds. Finally, (E) is not really an argument but only a statement. Not all “If . . . , then . . . .” statements mean “P, therefore Q.” For example, “If you do not do the assignment, you will fail the course” is not an argument with a premise and a conclusion but a single statement that describes a causal relation.
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If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2017, 09:09
i came down to A and C and finally ticked A but found out that A is wrong. following is my reasoning.

the argument says that since military aid in LA creates instability in CA, all types of foreign aid (to LA) must be stopped - may be because all types of aid would be creating instability in region.

A- in CA a war is to be condemned because all killing is immoral. then all war must be condemned. - because someone or the other dies in every war. the reasoning is in alignment with the argument.
C-is wrong because chile cant have more than one type of govt. and this option is against only fascist government. all govt cant be fascist there can be some democratic govt, some communist govt... so this is not aligned with the argument structure.


Experts please correct me if i am wrong

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If military aid to Latin American countries is to be stopped because   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2017, 09:09
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