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e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 2943
If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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1
7 00:00

Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 68% (01:58) correct 32% (01:45) wrong based on 189 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics e-GMAT Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

This is

Question 10 of The e-GMAT Number Properties Marathon

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Question 11 of the Marathon

_________________

Originally posted by EgmatQuantExpert on 28 Feb 2018, 03:04.
Last edited by EgmatQuantExpert on 13 Aug 2018, 02:27, edited 2 times in total.
Retired Moderator P
Joined: 07 Jan 2016
Posts: 1090
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V36 Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

we need to know if n is a multiple of 2

1) n^2 + 3 is prime

if n =1
n=2

the statement is true for both

but n^3/4 is not a integer if n=1 and an integer when n=2

2) n= number of odd factors of 6

6 = 3x2 i.e factors = 1,2,3,6

1 is odd and 3 is odd

n=2

2^3/4= 2(integer)

sufficient

(B) imo
SVP  V
Joined: 26 Mar 2013
Posts: 2284
Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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1
Hatakekakashi wrote:
EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

we need to know if n is a multiple of 2

1) n^2 + 3 is prime

if n =1
n=2

the statement is true for both

but n^3/4 is not a integer if n=1 and an integer when n=2

2) n= number of odd factors of 6

6 = 3x2 i.e factors = 1,2,3,6

1 is odd and 3 is odd

n=2

2^3/4= 2(integer)

sufficient

(B) imo

Hi Hatakekakashi

Pleasse review highlighted

If n=1 ....then 1+3 = 4 s it is NOT prime number as statement states.
Retired Moderator P
Joined: 07 Jan 2016
Posts: 1090
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V36 Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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Mo2men wrote:
Hatakekakashi wrote:
EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

we need to know if n is a multiple of 2

1) n^2 + 3 is prime

if n =1
n=2

the statement is true for both

but n^3/4 is not a integer if n=1 and an integer when n=2

2) n= number of odd factors of 6

6 = 3x2 i.e factors = 1,2,3,6

1 is odd and 3 is odd

n=2

2^3/4= 2(integer)

sufficient

(B) imo

Hi Hatakekakashi

Pleasse review highlighted

If n=1 ....then 1+3 = 4 s it is NOT prime number as statement states.

my bad..was at work thanks for pointing out :D

i guess (D) then

n^2+ 3 is prime n can't be odd as odd+odd =even and not prime as value >2

n=2 value 7
n=4 value 19
n=6 39 (not prime)
n=8 67 prime
n=10 103 (prime)
we can see that n^2 + 3 is prime

n^3/4 will most likely be an integer
e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 2943
Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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Solution:

We need to find, whether $$N^3/4$$ is an integer or not?
Now, $$N^3/4$$ is an integer only when $$N$$ is even number.
Thus, we only need to find, whether $$N$$ is an even number or not?
Statement 1:
"$$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.”
Since $$N$$ is a positive integer, therefore, $$N^2+3$$ is always greater than $$3$$.
We know, all Prime numbers greater than $$3$$ are odd.
Thus,
$$N^2+3$$ = $$odd$$
$$N^2$$+ $$odd=odd$$
$$N^2$$= $$even$$
Therefore, $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number when $$N$$ is an even number.
Thus, $$N^3/4$$ is an integer.
Therefore, Statement 1 alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Statement 2:
“$$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.”
$$6= 2*3$$
To calculate odd factors of a number, we do not consider the even prime number. Therefore,
Odd factors of $$6$$= power of $$3+1$$
Odd factors of$$6$$= $$1+1$$
Odd factors of $$6=2$$
Thus, $$N=2$$.
Therefore, $$N^3/4$$ is an integer.
Therefore, Statement 2 alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Therefore, we can find the answer by EACH of the statement alone.
_________________
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7612
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

We can modify the original condition and question as follows.

The question that $$N^3/4$$ is an integer is equivalent to $$N$$ is an even integer.

Condition 1)
In order for $$N^2 + 3$$ to an prime number, $$N^2$$ and $$N$$ must be an even integer.
The condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2)
$$N = 1$$ or $$N = 3$$.
For both cases, $$N^3/4$$ is $$1/4$$ or $$27/4$$.
They are not integers.
Since ‘no’ is also a unique answer by CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, the condition 2) is sufficient.

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Intern  B
Joined: 20 Sep 2018
Posts: 2
Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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MathRevolution wrote:
EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
Question:

If $$N$$ is a positive integer, is $$N^3/4$$ an integer?
1. $$N^2+3$$ is a prime number.
2. $$N$$ is the number of odd factors of $$6$$.

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

We can modify the original condition and question as follows.

The question that $$N^3/4$$ is an integer is equivalent to $$N$$ is an even integer.

Condition 1)
In order for $$N^2 + 3$$ to an prime number, $$N^2$$ and $$N$$ must be an even integer.
The condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2)
$$N = 1$$ or $$N = 3$$.
For both cases, $$N^3/4$$ is $$1/4$$ or $$27/4$$.
They are not integers.
Since ‘no’ is also a unique answer by CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, the condition 2) is sufficient.

For condition 2, why did you state that N=1 or N=3? Condition 2 says N is the number of odd factors of 6. The number of odd factors of 6 is 2 (3 and 1).
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Posts: 63
Re: If N is a positive integer  [#permalink]

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Alternative approach to statement I:

any prime >3 can be expressed as 6n+1, hence, N^2+3=6n+1=6n-2, now, 6n-2= 2(3n-1), hence N^2 will always be divisible by 2^2

_________________ Re: If N is a positive integer   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2019, 01:23
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