Bunuel wrote:
lagomez wrote:
Dartastic wrote:
If N is a positive integer, what is the last digit of 1! + 2! + ... +N!?
1) N is divisible by 4
2) (N^2 + 1)/5 is an odd integer.
Whaaaaaaat?!??!?! I looked at the explanations also, and I didn't get it at all. Help pleeeeease. I thought it was
statement 1: n can = 4, 8, 12, etc
4! + 3! + 2! + 1!
24 + 6 + 2 + 1 = 33 last digit is 3
If x! and x>=5 then the number will always end in zero
Essentially you will always be adding 4! + 3! + 2! + 1! and always have a value of 3 as the last digit
Generally the last digit of \(1! + 2! + ... +N!\) can take ONLY 3 values:
A. N=1 --> last digit 1;
B. N=3 --> last digit 9;
C. N=any other value --> last digit 3 (N=2 --> 1!+2!=3 and for N=4 --> 1!+2!+3!+4!=33, \(N\geq{4}\) the terms after N=4 will end by 0 thus not affect last digit and it'll remain 3).
So basically question asks whether we can determine which of three cases we have.
(1) N is divisible by 4 --> N is not 1 or 3, thus third case. Sufficient.
(2) (N^2 + 1)/5 is an odd integer --> N is not 1 or 3, thus third case. Sufficient.
Answer: D.
Hope it helps.
BB i am confused here...
A: N = 4 , u said the 4! = 4*3*2*1 = 24, 24+6+2+1 = 33
N= 8, tthe value will be someting else, but the last digit is 0
so the last digit is always 3....
B: N = 2, then the integer from B is 5/5 = 1, then unit digit is ( 2!+1!) 3,
N = 3, does not get odd integer
N = 4, does not get integer
N = 5, does not get integer
N = 6, does not get integer
N = 7, does not get odd integer
N = 8, does not get integer....
here, since N>4, last digit is 0, the value is 3...
very tricky..
i gave it for B, but the anser is D