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If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?

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If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 11:01
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C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:08) correct 28% (01:50) wrong based on 89 sessions

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If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 20:20
Bunuel wrote:
If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?

(1) y = n^2 + 1
(2) y = n^3 - 3


Statement 1: if \(n=2\) then \(y=5\) but if \(n=1\), then \(y=2\). Insufficient

Statement 2: if \(n=2\), then \(y=5\) but if \(n=4\), then \(y=61\). Insufficient

Combining 1 & 2: we have \(n^2+1=n^3-3\)

\(=>n^3-n^2=4\)

\(=>n^2(n-1)=4 =>n^2(n-1)=2^2*1\)

therefore \(n=2\), hence \(y=5\). Sufficient

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Re: If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 20:53
1
Bunuel wrote:
If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?

(1) y = n^2 + 1
(2) y = n^3 - 3
....

statements alone are clearly insuff..

(1) \(y = n^2 + 1\)
when n is 2, y is 5
n is 4, y is 17
n is 1, y is 2
insuff

(2) \(y = n^3 - 3\)
when n is 2, y is 5
n is 4, y is 61
insuff

combined..
\(n^2+1 = n^3 - 3........n^3-n^2=4\)
clearly n^3>n^2, so n has to be positive..
n>4 will make the difference much greater than 4. so try 1,2,3
\(n=1, n^3-n^2=0\)..
\(n=2, n^3-n^2=4\)..
\(n=3, n^3-n^2=23\)..
any number greater will further increase the difference
ans yes
sufficient

C
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2018, 12:14
Bunuel wrote:
If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?

(1) y = n^2 + 1
(2) y = n^3 - 3


(1) n = 2 ---> y = 5; n = 1 ---> y = 2 -----> insuff
(2) n = 2 ---> y=5; n = 4 ---> y = 61 -----> insuff

(1) + (2) n^3 - n^2 - 4 = 0, we see, that of the roots is 2. So let's divide this expression by (n-2)
We get n^3 - n^2 - 4 = (n-2)(n^2 + n + 2)
n^2 + n + 2 = 0 - does not have real roots.
So the only one is n = 2 ---> y = 5 - suff
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Re: If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ? &nbs [#permalink] 24 May 2018, 12:14
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If n is an integer, is the prime number y equal to 5 ?

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