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Senior Manager  Joined: 12 Mar 2009
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If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 63% (01:41) correct 37% (02:01) wrong based on 150 sessions

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If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value of $$p^3s^3t^3$$?

(1) $$(p^3)*s*t=728$$

(2) $$t=13$$
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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vaivish1723 wrote:
2
if p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value of p^3s^3t^3?
(1) p^3st=728
(2) t=13

OA is

Question: $$p^3*s^3*t^3$$?

(1) $$728=2^3*7*13=p^3*s*t$$ --> as all variables are prime numbers then $$p$$ must be $$2$$, and $$s$$ and $$t$$ either $$7$$ and $$13$$ or $$13$$ and $$7$$ respectively. In either of cases we can calculate $$p^3*s^3*t^3$$. Sufficient.

(2) $$t=13$$, clearly insufficient.

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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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I got this one wrong I was trying to solve algebraically so went for E
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GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31 GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35 Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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Nice.

I thought both together are sufficient...
This was trapy.
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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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Q Can be rephrased as what is p*q*r?

1) Sufficient
728 = 2^3 * 7 * 13. Hence prime numbers are 2,7,13.

2) Insufficient.
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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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From 1, 728 can be written as$$2^3*13*7$$ , so the only combination possible is p=2 and st = 13*7 hence $$p^3*s^3*t^3$$= $$2^3*13^3*7^3$$ Sufficient

From 2, t = 13 but we do not know anything about p or s, so insufficient.

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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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vaivish1723 wrote:
2
if p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value of p^3s^3t^3?
(1) p^3st=728
(2) t=13

OA is

Bunuel's approach is very good, but let's apply a slightly different approach:
1) p^3st=728

st=728/(p^3) --> here we have to pay attention that the last digit of 728 is 8 which is contained only in the cyclicity of 2 and 8. Lets clarify it:
the cyclicity of 1, 5, 6 are these numbers themselves (regardless of their power)
the cyclicity of 2: 2, 4, 8, 6
the cyclicity of 3: 3, 9, 7, 1
the cyclicity of 4: 4, 6
the cyclicity of 7: 7, 9, 3, 1
the cyclicity of 8: 8, 4, 2, 6
the cyclicity of 9: 9, 1

Hence, 728 is divisible either by 2 or 8.
2^3 = 8 and 8^3 = 512

As you see, 728 is divisible only by 2^3 provided p is a positive prime number.

The result is 728/(2^3) = 91

s × t = 91 can be written as 1 × 91 or 13 × 7. As to the original question p^3 × s^3 × t^3 it does not matter whether we assume s × t is 1 × 91 or vice versa the same is true in case of 13 × 7.

both conditions s × t = 1 × 91 and s × t = 13 × 7 satisfy stmt 1)
because 2^3 × 1 × 91 and 2^3 × 13 × 7 yield 728

Thus, we get the same result regardless whether p^3 × s^3 × t^3 is written as either 2^3 × 1^3 × 91^3 or 2^3 × 13^3 × 7^3

stmt 2) is obviously not sufficient.

Hope, it helps.
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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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vaivish1723 wrote:
If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value of p^3s^3t^3?

(1) (p^3)*s*t=728
(2) t=13

Just to touch on some key points on this problem.
This problem is meant to test prime factorization.

So we need to break 728 into primes first.
This will give us (2^3) (13) (7) which is enough to solve the question.

Keep in mind some properties of primes and prime factorization

- All prime numbers except 2 and 5 end in '1','3','7' or '9'
- All prime numbers above 3 are of the form '6n+1' or '6n-1'
- The first prime number is 2 which is also the only even prime
- The Prime Numbers up to 100 are: 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31,37,41,43,47,53,59,61,67,71,73,79,83,89,97)
- The square of any prime number greater than 3 is 1 more than a multiple of 12
- Verifying the primality of a given number 'n' can be done by trial division, that is to say dividing 'n' by all integer numbers smaller than √n

Hope this helps for future questions
Cheers!

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Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value  [#permalink]

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Question, p^3*s^3*t^3 = ?

1) p^3 * s * t = 728, prime factorization of 728 = 2^3 * 7*13, no other primes so then P^3 is 8^3, and we are given S & T can be either 7,13 or 13,7. However, both possibilities will provide the same result. So 1 is sufficient.

2) t= 13, no information about S or P, so insufficient Re: If p, s, and t are positive prime numbers, what is the value   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2019, 09:53
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