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If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac

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Senior RC Moderator
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If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2019, 08:57
1
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (00:35) correct 25% (00:33) wrong based on 63 sessions

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If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been placed on the shelf?

A. have been cataloged
B. would have been cataloged
C. was cataloged
D. were cataloged
E. had been cataloged

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Re: If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 21:07
Quote:
If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been placed on the shelf?

A. have been cataloged
B. would have been cataloged
C. was cataloged
D. were cataloged
E. had been cataloged


The right answer here is D. This question contains the subjunctive tense, which is used to talk about hypothetical events like this one. "If the books...." suggests that the action has not actually happened. In this case, we use "were" regardless of the subject.

One trap answer might be E. If the 'outcome' action (placing on the shelf) were in the past, it would be correct to use "had been catalogued". It is in the present however, so D wins out here.

- Matoo
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Re: If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2019, 06:25
If I consider the meaning, then, D is undoubtedly correct. But, I have a question here.
Why are we using past tense verb in "if clause", when the verb in the main clause is of present tense?
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Re: If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2019, 02:41
gvij2017

Quote:
If I consider the meaning, then, D is undoubtedly correct. But, I have a question here.
Why are we using past tense verb in "if clause", when the verb in the main clause is of present tense?


Hey this is a really good question! The action that has not occurred is in the present perfect. Since this is a single action that should have been a pre-requisite, it stands to reason that it would be in the past tense. In general, you should look to figure out the tense of a verb based on its relationship to the other actions in the sentence.

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Re: If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2019, 03:22
gvij2017 wrote:
If I consider the meaning, then, D is undoubtedly correct. But, I have a question here.
Why are we using past tense verb in "if clause", when the verb in the main clause is of present tense?


Because there is phrase "last week" in this clause.
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Re: If the books have been cataloged last week, why haven’t they been plac   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2019, 03:22
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