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# If the city council maintains spending at the same level as

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VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1071
If the city council maintains spending at the same level as [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2008, 11:55
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If the city council maintains spending at the same level as this year’s, it can be expected to levy a sales tax of 2 percent next year. Thus, if the council levies a higher tax, it will be because the council is increasing its expenditure.

Which one of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning most closely similar to that of the argument above?

(A) If house-building costs are not now rising, builders cannot be expected to increase the prices of houses. Thus, if they decrease the prices of houses, it will be because that action will enable them to sell a greater number of houses.
(B) If shops wish to reduce shoplifting, they should employ more store detectives. Thus, if shops do not, they will suffer reduced profits because of their loss from stolen goods.
(C) If the companies in the state do not increase their workers’ wages this year, the prices they charge for their goods can be expected to be the same as they were last year. Thus, if the companies do increase prices, it will be because they have increased wages.
(D) If airlines wish to make profits this year that are similar to last year’s, they should not increase their prices this year. Thus, if they charge more, they should be expected to improve their services.
(E) If newspaper publishers wish to publish good papers, they should employ good journalists. Thus, if they employ poor journalists, it will not be surprising if their circulation falls as a result.
Director
Joined: 05 Jan 2008
Posts: 674
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2008, 12:17
Is it C?
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Persistence+Patience+Persistence+Patience=G...O...A...L

Manager
Joined: 28 Sep 2007
Posts: 204
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2008, 12:25
I think C. It incorporates the same logic. If x then Y. If Y then X. Something like that.
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1071
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2008, 00:18
jingy77 wrote:
I think C. It incorporates the same logic. If x then Y. If Y then X. Something like that.

C it is
SVP
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 1500
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2008, 04:10
Late, but C for me as well.
Director
Joined: 14 Jan 2007
Posts: 769
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2008, 18:12
C for me.
Intern
Joined: 24 Dec 2008
Posts: 1
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 01:22
Does anyone have a bunch of LSAT papers?the 46 preptests, supeprep LSAT so to say..?
Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 696
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 08:51
I was confused between C and E. How do you solve these type of questions? can we expect this type in GMAT?

I am reading poewerprep CR bible but so far didn't see anything that related to this type of questions...

any help would be appreciated.
Director
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 509
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 09:22
IMO C.....E is something different and talking about publishing and circulation...
Intern
Joined: 28 Oct 2008
Posts: 47
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 14:29
If the city council maintains spending at the same level as this year’s, it can be expected to levy a sales tax of 2 percent next year. Thus, if the council levies a higher tax, it will be because the council is increasing its expenditure.

Statement #1 - spending maintained --> Tax Same
Statement #2 - tax NOT same --> spending NOT maintaned

The 2nd statement is a contrapositive of the 1st.

Which one of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning most closely similar to that of the argument above?

(A) If house-building costs are not now rising, builders cannot be expected to increase the prices of houses. Thus, if they decrease the prices of houses, it will be because that action will enable them to sell a greater number of houses.
Cost not rising --> prices do not increase; prices decrease --> sell more. The logic is incorrect.Who says prices cannot stay the same. They used the polar opposite of increase, which is wrong.
(B) If shops wish to reduce shoplifting, they should employ more store detectives. Thus, if shops do not, they will suffer reduced profits because of their loss from stolen goods.
reduce shoplifting --> more detectives; NOT more detectives --> loss of profits
(C) If the companies in the state do not increase their workers’ wages this year, the prices they charge for their goods can be expected to be the same as they were last year. Thus, if the companies do increase prices, it will be because they have increased wages.
NOT increase wages --> Prices constant; Prices NOT constant --> increased wages.
(D) If airlines wish to make profits this year that are similar to last year’s, they should not increase their prices this year. Thus, if they charge more, they should be expected to improve their services.
profits same --> prices NOT increased; prices increase --> svs improved
(E) If newspaper publishers wish to publish good papers, they should employ good journalists. Thus, if they employ poor journalists, it will not be surprising if their circulation falls as a result.
public good papers --> employe good journalists; NOT employ good journalists --> not surprising that circulation falls.

HTH.
Manager
Joined: 11 Mar 2008
Posts: 110
Location: Canada
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 19:23
C is the closest
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1378
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 17:30
C for me too
Manager
Joined: 21 Dec 2008
Posts: 72
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3 [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 07:14
i go for C
Re: cr lsat 5 sect 4 - 3   [#permalink] 30 Dec 2008, 07:14
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# If the city council maintains spending at the same level as

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