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If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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Updated on: 26 Nov 2013, 07:12
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If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price? (1) m > d (2) m = 1.5d
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Originally posted by singhmaharaj on 26 Nov 2013, 07:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Nov 2013, 07:12, edited 1 time in total.



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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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26 Nov 2013, 07:41
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If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?Say the original price is 100. The price after the mark up = \(100(1+\frac{m}{100}) = 100 + m\); The price after the discount = \((100+m)(1\frac{d}{100}) = 100d+m\frac{md}{100}\); The questions asks: is \(100d+m\frac{md}{100}>100\)? > is \(100m100dmd>0\) (1) m > d. If \(m=3\) and \(d=2\), then the answer is YES nut if but if \(m=60\) and \(d=40\), then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. (2) m = 1.5d. Use the same numbers as above. Not sufficient. (1)+(2) Use the same numbers. Not sufficient. Answer: E. Hope it's clear.
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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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26 Nov 2013, 07:59
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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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12 Apr 2014, 11:17
Bunuel wrote: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?
Say the original price is 100. The price after the mark up = \(100(1+\frac{m}{100}) = 100 + m\); The price after the discount = \((100+m)(1\frac{d}{100}) = 100d+m\frac{md}{100}\);
The questions asks: is \(100d+m\frac{md}{100}>100\)? > is \(100m100dmd>0\)
(1) m > d. If \(m=3\) and \(d=2\), then the answer is YES nut if but if \(m=60\) and \(d=40\), then the answer is NO. Not sufficient.
(2) m = 1.5d. Use the same numbers as above. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Use the same numbers. Not sufficient.
Answer: E.
Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, Just to confirm, the formula for 3 variables. For 3 items +m , +d, x then will it be ... = 100+m+dx (mdx/100)
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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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12 Apr 2014, 12:53
seabhi wrote: Bunuel wrote: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?
Say the original price is 100. The price after the mark up = \(100(1+\frac{m}{100}) = 100 + m\); The price after the discount = \((100+m)(1\frac{d}{100}) = 100d+m\frac{md}{100}\);
The questions asks: is \(100d+m\frac{md}{100}>100\)? > is \(100m100dmd>0\)
(1) m > d. If \(m=3\) and \(d=2\), then the answer is YES nut if but if \(m=60\) and \(d=40\), then the answer is NO. Not sufficient.
(2) m = 1.5d. Use the same numbers as above. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Use the same numbers. Not sufficient.
Answer: E.
Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, Just to confirm, the formula for 3 variables. For 3 items +m , +d, x then will it be ... = 100+m+dx (mdx/100) Hello  If you mean (100+m)(1+d/100)(1x/100), then obviously it is not equal to 100+m+dx  mdx/100 Letme know if you meant something else.  Kudos if the post helped



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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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19 Jan 2015, 00:20
Bunuel wrote: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?
Say the original price is 100. The price after the mark up = \(100(1+\frac{m}{100}) = 100 + m\); The price after the discount = \((100+m)(1\frac{d}{100}) = 100d+m\frac{md}{100}\);
The questions asks: is \(100d+m\frac{md}{100}>100\)? > is \(100m100dmd>0\)
(1) m > d. If \(m=3\) and \(d=2\), then the answer is YES nut if but if \(m=60\) and \(d=40\), then the answer is NO. Not sufficient.
(2) m = 1.5d. Use the same numbers as above. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Use the same numbers. Not sufficient.
Answer: E.
Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel What suppose if the Question does not mention that m & d are integers. In such a case m & d can even be decimals. Still the answer would be E correct? Thanks



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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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19 Jan 2015, 01:52
buddyisraelgmat wrote: Bunuel wrote: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?
Say the original price is 100. The price after the mark up = \(100(1+\frac{m}{100}) = 100 + m\); The price after the discount = \((100+m)(1\frac{d}{100}) = 100d+m\frac{md}{100}\);
The questions asks: is \(100d+m\frac{md}{100}>100\)? > is \(100m100dmd>0\)
(1) m > d. If \(m=3\) and \(d=2\), then the answer is YES nut if but if \(m=60\) and \(d=40\), then the answer is NO. Not sufficient.
(2) m = 1.5d. Use the same numbers as above. Not sufficient.
(1)+(2) Use the same numbers. Not sufficient.
Answer: E.
Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel What suppose if the Question does not mention that m & d are integers. In such a case m & d can even be decimals. Still the answer would be E correct? Thanks Yes, the answer would still be E.
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Collection of Questions: PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.
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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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10 Jun 2016, 10:55
singhmaharaj wrote: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked up by m percent and the resulting price is then discounted by d percent, where m and d are integers between 0 and 100, is the item’s final price (after both changes) greater than its original price?
(1) m > d
(2) m = 1.5d
My answer B Both the given options were same in which it states that m>d Final markup/discount is given as mdmd/100 consider any small number m=2,d=1 then ans will be yes. consider bigger values m=700,d=600 Ans will be No both statements not suff.... Ans E



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Re: If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked [#permalink]
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20 Mar 2018, 13:17
The last thing you want to do is solve for a proof in the actual exam. Think about it in as simple terms as possible. In this case think that the markup can be as high as it wants it to be, but the end price is going to be determined by the discount. For example, lets say the markup of 100 is 150%, the price will now be 250. The discount (d=m/1.5) is now 100% and the price now becomes 0. With small numbers the discount is not as powerful so the total price is higher than 100. Statement 1 is irrelevant since it says the same thing that statement 2 says, thus option E is correct.




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