geometric wrote:
If the sum of the three different numbers is 54, what is the largest number?
(1) The largest number is twice the smallest number.
(2) The sum of the two smaller numbers is 30.
\(\left\{ \matrix{
a > b > c \hfill \cr
a + b + c = 54\,\,\,\,\,\, \hfill \cr} \right.\,\,\,\,;\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,?\,\, = \,\,a\)
Let´s start with statement (2) not only because it´s easier, but also because it will help us finding (uniqueness or) a BIFURCATION of the other statement! \(\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,b + c = 30\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,? = a = 54 - 30 = 24\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\)
\(\left( 1 \right)\,\,a = 2c\,\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {a,b,c} \right) = \left( {24,18,12} \right)\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,a = 24\,\, \hfill \cr
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {a,b,c} \right) = \left( {26,15,13} \right)\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,a = 26\,\, \hfill \cr} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,{\rm{INSUFF}}{\rm{.}}\)
This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.
Regards,
Fabio.
_________________
Fabio Skilnik ::
GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here:
https://gmath.net