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If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde

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If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2015, 03:58
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If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainder when x is divided by 5?

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2015, 04:01
I understand the conceptual approach to this question. But could someone explain what is wrong with the algebraic approach below:

x = 10 y + 5
x = 5(2y + 1)
x/5 = 2y + 1

Therefore, remainder = 1.

Where am I going wrong there?

Thanks
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2015, 04:51
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ElCorazon wrote:
I understand the conceptual approach to this question. But could someone explain what is wrong with the algebraic approach below:

x = 10 y + 5
x = 5(2y + 1)
x/5 = 2y + 1

Therefore, remainder = 1.

Where am I going wrong there?

Thanks


hi, the highlighted portion is wrongly interpreted by you.

x=5(2y+1), means that x is a multiple of 5. so, remainder when x is divided by 5 will be zero.

i hope it helps.
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2015, 13:08
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Hi All,

This question asks "what IS...(the answer)", so we know that the answer will be consistent. As such, we can TEST VALUES to quickly get the solution.

We're told that X and Y are POSITIVE INTEGERS and X = 10Y + 5. We're asked for the REMAINDER when X is divided by 5.

IF....
Y = 1
X = 15

15/5 = 3 remainder 0

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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2015, 14:58
Thank you both - very helpful..
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2015, 02:04
I don't think we need to test value.

If x = 10y + 5

10y = multiple of 5 and therefore divisible by 5
5 = divisible by 5

so 10y+5 is divisible by 5.
This shouldn't take more than 15 seconds
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2015, 12:36
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Hi miro,

You're correct - you don't need to TEST VALUES, but that approach can get you to the correct answer rather easily. It's worth noting that GMAT questions can almost always be solved with more than one approach. The best Test Takers know how to do "more than one thing", so that on Test Day they can use whatever they're given in the prompt to quickly assess how best to approach the question and then answer it in an easy, efficient way. For that reason, it's sometimes a good idea to redo practice problems with different approaches so that you can build up more than one skill.

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New post 05 Jul 2016, 06:35
If x and y are positive integers and x=10y +5, what is the remainder when x is divided by 5?

1) 0
2) 1
3) 2
4) 3
5) 4
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 00:47
x= 10y+5
x= 5*2y+5
x= 5(2y+1)

This whole term on the right side is divisible by 5. Thus the remainder is zero.
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2017, 10:50
ElCorazon wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainder when x is divided by 5?

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4


x/5=2y+1
x=5(2y+1)
x is a multiple of 5
0
A
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 15:06
ElCorazon wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainder when x is divided by 5?

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4


Another way you can think of this problem so as to save time is by recognizing what the restriction" x and y are positive integers" means relative to the equation. Ignoring Y, any positive integer multiplied by 10 will of course be a multiple of 10 and every multiple of 10 has a remainder of 0 when divided by 5- so any number that is a multiple of 10 has a remainder of 0 when 5 is added because 5 divided by 5 has a remainder of 0.

Thus
"A"
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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2019, 06:36
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ElCorazon wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainder when x is divided by 5?

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4


GIVEN: x = 10y + 5
Factor out 5 to get: x = 5(2y + 1)
We can see that x is a multiple of 5, which also means x is divisible by 5, which means the remainder will by ZERO when x is divided by 5

Answer: A

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Re: If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is the remainde   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2019, 06:36
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