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If x is a positive number and a=xxx,

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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
Bunuel
gmatgambler
If x is a positive number and a=√x∗x−x, which of the following must be true?

I. a is even

II. a is positive

III. a is an integer

A)I only
B)II only
C)III only
D)I and II
E) None of the above

If $$x$$ is a positive number and $$a=\sqrt{x} * x - x$$, which of the following must be true?

I. $$a$$ is even
II. $$a$$ is positive
III. $$a$$ is an integer

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None of the above

Note that we are asked "which of the following MUST be true, not COULD be true. For such kind of questions if you can prove that a statement is NOT true for one particular set of numbers, it will mean that this statement is not always true and hence not a correct answer.

If $$x=\frac{1}{4}$$ then $$a=\sqrt{x} * x - x=\frac{1}{2}*\frac{1}{4}-\frac{1}{4}=-\frac{1}{8}$$. Now, $$-\frac{1}{8}$$ is not an integer at all (hence not even) and also not positive, so none of the options MUST be true.

[b][color=#0d004c]I did as Bunuel did where I used 1/4 as option and I subtrac 1/4 from 1/4 and then Multiple by sqrt 1/4

the result was always zero. So my answer was E because 0 is both even and integer abd there is no option include both A and C. Does my reason to chosen was true?
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
HI All,

The "font" (and lack of parentheses) makes this question a little tough to interpret. I believe that the intent is the following:

If X is POSITIVE, and A = (\sqrt{X})(X) - X which of the following MUST be true?

Since the question asks what MUST be true, we can quickly eliminate possibilities by proving what is NOT always true (by TESTing VALUES)

IF....
A = 1, then (\sqrt{1})(1) - 1 = (1)(1) - 1 = 0
This result is NOT positive.
Eliminate Roman Numeral II and Answers B and D.

IF....
A = 2, then (\sqrt{2})(2) - 2 = NOT an integer.
Eliminate Roman Numerals I and III and Answers A and C.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
1
Kudos
23a2012
Bunuel
gmatgambler
If x is a positive number and a=√x∗x−x, which of the following must be true?

I. a is even

II. a is positive

III. a is an integer

A)I only
B)II only
C)III only
D)I and II
E) None of the above

If $$x$$ is a positive number and $$a=\sqrt{x} * x - x$$, which of the following must be true?

I. $$a$$ is even
II. $$a$$ is positive
III. $$a$$ is an integer

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. None of the above

Note that we are asked "which of the following MUST be true, not COULD be true. For such kind of questions if you can prove that a statement is NOT true for one particular set of numbers, it will mean that this statement is not always true and hence not a correct answer.

If $$x=\frac{1}{4}$$ then $$a=\sqrt{x} * x - x=\frac{1}{2}*\frac{1}{4}-\frac{1}{4}=-\frac{1}{8}$$. Now, $$-\frac{1}{8}$$ is not an integer at all (hence not even) and also not positive, so none of the options MUST be true.

[b][color=#0d004c]I did as Bunuel did where I used 1/4 as option and I subtrac 1/4 from 1/4 and then Multiple by sqrt 1/4

the result was always zero. So my answer was E because 0 is both even and integer abd there is no option include both A and C. Does my reason to chosen was true?

You cannot subtract x first and then multiply by root(x). The multiplication has to be done first because sequence of operators follows the rule of PEMDAS/BODMAS. I suggest you to check this out from a Math book or online.
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
We can aslo do the following. Just juggling of steps.

Given, a= sqrt(x)*x-x => a= x(sqrt (x) -1)
Then we start put to numbers for eg. x=1 => a=0. Cuts point 2
Put x>1, a may not be an integer and hence not even. Cuts point 1 and 3.

Ans is E.
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
The given question is a MUST be true type of question , hence the option must hold true for all values.

We don't have enough information to determine if $$\sqrt{x}$$ is an integer. Also its value is unknown.

Hence we cannot conclude on the nature of a.

Option E
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
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Re: If x is a positive number and a=xxx, [#permalink]
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