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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average

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SC Moderator V
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 614
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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3 00:00

Difficulty:   75% (hard)

Question Stats: 56% (02:25) correct 44% (01:50) wrong based on 54 sessions

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If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average of x and y greater than the average of a and b?
1) x = 3a
2) The range of x and y> the range of a and b.

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Why do we fall?...So we can learn to pick ourselves up again
NUS School Moderator V
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 1046
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GMAT 1: 590 Q46 V25 GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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Question whether $$\frac{x+y}{2} > \frac{a+b}{2}$$

From statement 1:

x = 3a.
Clearly no info about y and b. Insufficient.

From statement 2:

Range of x & y > Range of a & b.
A range is just the difference between x and y or between a and b.
If x = 3 and y = 5. and if a = 18 and b =19.
Range of x&y > Range of a&b. But the average of x&y < a&b.

If x = 19 and y = 17. and a = 3 and b = 2.
Range of x&y > Range of a&b. And also the average of x&y > a&b.
Insufficient.

Combining also gives no extra info.

Intern  B
Joined: 29 Feb 2016
Posts: 3
Re: If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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Wouldn't combining both A and B give us the required info to solve this question.
It is given that (y-x) > (b-a) and x = 3a
-> y-3a > b-a
-> y> b+2a

for (y+x)/2 > (b+2a+3a)/2
-> (y+x)/2 > (b+5a)/2 > (b+a)/2
NUS School Moderator V
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 1046
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GMAT 1: 590 Q46 V25 GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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prabhath.y@gmail.com wrote:
Wouldn't combining both A and B give us the required info to solve this question.
It is given that (y-x) > (b-a) and x = 3a
-> y-3a > b-a
-> y> b+2a

for (y+x)/2 > (b+2a+3a)/2
-> (y+x)/2 > (b+5a)/2 > (b+a)/2

Hi,

The highlighted portion says that the range of x & y is greater than the range of a & b.
Consider x as 6. y as 8. a as 17 and b as 18.
Now y-x = 2 > b-a = 1.

But Y>b+2a = 8>18+34. This is not true.

Hope it helps. Intern  B
Joined: 29 Feb 2016
Posts: 3
Re: If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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the example that you have mentioned does not satisfy the constraint that x=3a. I was menntioning what would happen if we combine both the statements. Hope you can help.
SC Moderator V
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 614
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Re: If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average  [#permalink]

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Hi, prabhath.y@gmail.com maybe this helps you understand why both statements aren't sufficient.
From statements one and two, we know that x = 3a and that the range of x and y > range of a and b. We can first determine the potential values for x and a. Because x, y, a, and b are all between zero and twenty, there are only a finite number of values for x and a.

x = 3a a =1, x = 3 a = 2, x = 6 a = 3, x = 9 a = 4, x = 12 a = 5, x =15 a = 6, x =18
Using the values for a and x and the information from statement two, we can still create contradictory scenarios:
Let a =1 and b = 5. The range will be 4, and the average will be 3.
Let x = 3 and y = 8. The range will be 5, and the average will be 5.5. Average of a and b < Average of x and y Now let a = 6 and b = 19. The range will be 13, and the average will be 12.5. Let x = 18 and y = 1. The range will be 17, and the average will be 9.5. Average of a and b > Average of x and y Statements one and two together are not sufficient.
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Why do we fall?...So we can learn to pick ourselves up again Re: If x, y, a, and b are positive integers less than 20, is the average   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2018, 23:10
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