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# In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health

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In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 07:56
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Question Stats:

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In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In 1963, Congress approved... [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 09:02
Argument - Experts agree to Govt's step on reforming mentally ill people by giving them outpatient medication. In 20 years the same group of experts agree that the situation has worsened.

To Resolve the paradox - We need to find some info which can suggest that something during these 20 years gone amiss.

(A) Diagnosis of more people could not defeat the purpose (of providing care to mentally ill people) - Reject
(B) Goes beyond the Premise because in the stimulus the experts agree on the way the congress wants to execute the plan. Reject
(C) This is a farther conclusion. Could have been valid if how the lack of fund disrupted the program was also made part of this AC, but just talking about lack of funds do not resolve the paradox. Reject
(D) Bang On - TARGET!!!
(E) Same reason as in C, if this reason was further elaborated that why illegal narcotics created problems for the program to continue then this could have been winner. Reject
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Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 03:46
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963. - Number of people with disorders is irrelevant - Incorrect
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state authorities, the results would have been better. - The point of who administered the project is not relevant in the current context - Incorrect
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation. - Can be the case but not strong enough - Incorrect
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic programs; these cuts, however, never materialized. - Because of insufficient funds, the treatment was inadequate for the patients - Correct
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics. - Out of scope - Incorrect

Hope this helps
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Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 05:02
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.

I feel that c and D are very close.
C says State budget has not increased for the outpatients>>>>>>>>>>can be answer because the condition has detoriated
D says the money was never granted>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>If the money was not granted than how was the treatment done for 20 years......it leads to another paradox.
Another interpretation of D is since doctors in 1963 applauded and donated for the cause but doctors now are no more in favor of that donation and hence have stopped donating.

I m confused can anyone help!!!!!!!
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Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 13:21
Archit143 wrote:
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.

I feel that c and D are very close.
C says State budget has not increased for the outpatients>>>>>>>>>>can be answer because the condition has detoriated
But, some (may be not sufficient) amount of money have been invested to improve the condition. Thus, it can't be "worse than ever." as mentioned in the question

D says the money was never granted>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>If the money was not granted than how was the treatment done for 20 years......it leads to another paradox.
You are correct. i.e. question states that the plight of the mentally ill was [color=#ff0000]worse than ever.[/color]

Another interpretation of D is since doctors in 1963 applauded and donated for the cause but doctors now are no more in favor of that donation and hence have stopped donating.
You are going out of scope
I m confused can anyone help!!!!!!!

Please see my response inline . See the highlighted portion
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Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2017, 02:20
The passage states that, on the one hand, the government was successful in releasing mental health patients from institutional care. On the other hand, according to the leading professional health associations, which explicitly supported the government's plans, the plight of the mentally ill only became worse. We need to find one statement that explains what prevented the plan from achieving its expected results.

(A) An increase in the number of people diagnosed with psychiatric disorders does not explain why the plight of psychiatric patients has gotten worse.
(B) Believing that someone else could have better implemented the plan doesnot explain what went wrong with the plan as it was actually implemented.
(C) The passage does not indicate or imply that adequate funding must be tied to the inflation rate. It might have been sufficient, for example, for funding increases to match the rate of inflation.
(D) CORRECT. This resolves the paradox by offering a reason why the plan failed: only half of the plan was implemented. According to the passage, the original plan supported by the leading mental health associations was "to remove the mentally ill from institutions, incorporate them into their communities, and give them outpatient treatment." While the removal was accomplished, choice D
explains that the outpatient treatment services were not; patients, therefore, haven't improved.
(E) The past addictions of release patients do not explain why the plight of the patients became worse after they were released.
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In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2017, 09:36
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.

Due to insufficient funds allocated, the treatment would not have been effective. Hence, D.
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2017, 09:36
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