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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
dcummins wrote:
C: higher incomes don't result from the connection with the party


I'm a bit confused with why D is correct.

If non-party members in a given industry receive higher wages as a result of the lobbying by party members, increasing the wage for the entire industry, are we to assume that the non-party members are connected to the party members?

What is the link here? Politicians often argue in favour of an industry even though they aren't connected to that industry.

Can someone please explain?


The conclusion is that higher incomes do not necessarily result from the connection with the party. Option D smashes this conclusion by stating that party members are often responsible for higher wages of non-party members.
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
First line of the argument says "In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as non-party members do". The premise directly opposes the option:D.

VeritasKarishma can u please elaborate on this aspect?
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
A. Irrelevant
B. It does nothing to the statement that party members earn double the non party members. It describes a situation outside the scope.
C. Irrelevant
D. This explains how a party member can earn more. Weakens.
E. This explains how one often becomes a party member. But doesn’t deal with the argument given.

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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
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avinashiitp wrote:
First line of the argument says "In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as non-party members do". The premise directly opposes the option:D.

VeritasKarishma can u please elaborate on this aspect?


I do not understand your question. Please specify which premise opposes which option.
When the argument says "In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as non-party members do", it is talking about averages. Avg wage of all party members vs avg wage of all non party members.
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
VeritasKarishma I actually did not read the question properly. But I understood properly now where I have made the mistake.
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
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Party member 2x as much as non party members.
Both party and non party members work in same businesses that pay high wages
Conclusion: Higher incomes are NOT due to the connection with party.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Besides wage increases, party members also receive other benefits. = So what? Even if they do receive other benefits we dont know its because of their connection to the party and we also don't know whether non party members receive the benefits.

B. Some of the most highly paid business people in that country are capitalist executives in special economic zones and are not party members. = This is way out of scope of the argument.

C. Wages in many industries vary from one part of the country to another, whether or not workers are in the party. = This choice strengthens the conclusion that Higher incomes are NOT due to the connection with party but due to variation of wages in industries.

D. Non-party members in a given industry often receive higher wage as a result of the lobbying done by party members, which in turn increases the wage for the entire industry. = If a party member politically influences a legislation of wage increase, this influence will in turn result in overall wage increase in the industry, So in fact connections with the party is going to affect wages of both types of workers.

E. Becoming a member of the party within a given industry or business often encourages others to follow suit. = Even if this is true we dont know if the wage increases are the results of connections with the party.
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
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Re: In a certain socialist country, party members earn twice as much as no [#permalink]
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