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# In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th

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In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2018, 12:02
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (00:42) correct 39% (00:48) wrong based on 57 sessions

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In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.

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Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2018, 15:55
3
SandhyAvinash wrote:
In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.

Dear SandhyAvinash,

I'm happy to respond.

Clearly, this is not a full-fledged SC practice question. It looks like the kind of example sentences that might be used in a lesson on misplaced modifiers. For a discussion of that topic, see:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

In all three versions, the noun-modifying phrase that begins with the participle "inventing" is intended to modify Edison, so ordinarily this phrase should "touch" Edison in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule.

(A) is very awkward--it sounds as if "the phonograph" is doing the "inventing"

Both (B) & (C) start out by putting the entire noun-modifying phrase at the beginning of the sentence, so what comes after this phrase, after the comma, should be the target noun. Version (B) fails in this, because "defects" is the first noun we meet. Only (C) puts Edison right after the comma, so he is the clear target of the noun-modifying phrase.

The structure used in (C) is a very common structure:
[noun modifying phrase or clause] {comma] [main subject] . . . .

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
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Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2018, 19:03
mikemcgarry wrote:
SandhyAvinash wrote:
In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.

Dear SandhyAvinash,

I'm happy to respond.

Clearly, this is not a full-fledged SC practice question. It looks like the kind of example sentences that might be used in a lesson on misplaced modifiers. For a discussion of that topic, see:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

In all three versions, the noun-modifying phrase that begins with the participle "inventing" is intended to modify Edison, so ordinarily this phrase should "touch" Edison in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule.

(A) is very awkward--it sounds as if "the phonograph" is doing the "inventing"

Both (B) & (C) start out by putting the entire noun-modifying phrase at the beginning of the sentence, so what comes after this phrase, after the comma, should be the target noun. Version (B) fails in this, because "defects" is the first noun we meet. Only (C) puts Edison right after the comma, so he is the clear target of the noun-modifying phrase.

The structure used in (C) is a very common structure:
[noun modifying phrase or clause] {comma] [main subject] . . . .

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Thanks a lot Mike for a very good explanation.

--== Message from the GMAT Club Team ==--

THERE IS LIKELY A BETTER DISCUSSION OF THIS EXACT QUESTION.
This discussion does not meet community quality standards. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.

_________________
Kudos APPRECIATED!
Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2018, 19:03
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