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In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th

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In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th [#permalink]

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SandhyAvinash wrote:
In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.

Dear SandhyAvinash,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Clearly, this is not a full-fledged SC practice question. It looks like the kind of example sentences that might be used in a lesson on misplaced modifiers. For a discussion of that topic, see:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

In all three versions, the noun-modifying phrase that begins with the participle "inventing" is intended to modify Edison, so ordinarily this phrase should "touch" Edison in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule.

(A) is very awkward--it sounds as if "the phonograph" is doing the "inventing"

Both (B) & (C) start out by putting the entire noun-modifying phrase at the beginning of the sentence, so what comes after this phrase, after the comma, should be the target noun. Version (B) fails in this, because "defects" is the first noun we meet. Only (C) puts Edison right after the comma, so he is the clear target of the noun-modifying phrase.

The structure used in (C) is a very common structure:
[noun modifying phrase or clause] {comma] [main subject] . . . .

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th [#permalink]

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mikemcgarry wrote:
SandhyAvinash wrote:
In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

A. In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in the phonograph inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike.

B. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, in a painstaking fashion, defects were eliminated by Edison's work.

C. Inventing various new stratagems and devices by which the first simple talking machine became more responsive and lifelike, Edison worked in a painstaking fashion to eliminate the defects in the phonograph.

Dear SandhyAvinash,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Clearly, this is not a full-fledged SC practice question. It looks like the kind of example sentences that might be used in a lesson on misplaced modifiers. For a discussion of that topic, see:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

In all three versions, the noun-modifying phrase that begins with the participle "inventing" is intended to modify Edison, so ordinarily this phrase should "touch" Edison in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule.

(A) is very awkward--it sounds as if "the phonograph" is doing the "inventing"

Both (B) & (C) start out by putting the entire noun-modifying phrase at the beginning of the sentence, so what comes after this phrase, after the comma, should be the target noun. Version (B) fails in this, because "defects" is the first noun we meet. Only (C) puts Edison right after the comma, so he is the clear target of the noun-modifying phrase.

The structure used in (C) is a very common structure:
[noun modifying phrase or clause] {comma] [main subject] . . . .

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Thanks a lot Mike for a very good explanation.
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Re: In a painstaking fashion, Edison worked to eliminate the defects in th   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2018, 18:03
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