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In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of

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In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of the first 4 terms of the sequence is 124. What is the sum of the last 4 terms of the sequence?

A. 136
B. 140
C. 144
D. 156
E. 160
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2017, 05:55
Let Consecutive even integers be = 2n, 2n+2, 2n+4, 2n+6, ..... 2n+14
Sum of first four terms = 124.
8n+12 = 124
8n= 112.
Sum of last 4 terms = 8n+44 = 112+44 = 156.

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2017, 07:53
n + n + 2 + n + 4 + n + 6 = 124
4n + 12 = 124
4n/4 = 112/4
n = 28

28 + 8 + 28 + 10 + 28 + 12 + 28 + 14
156

Answer is D

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of the first 4 terms of the sequence is 124. What is the sum of the last 4 terms of the sequence?

A. 136
B. 140
C. 144
D. 156
E. 160


We can represent the integers as follows:

x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8, x + 10, x + 12, x + 14

Since the sum of the first 4 terms is 124:

x + x + 2 + x + 4 + x + 6 = 124

4x + 12 = 124

4x = 112

x = 28

Finally, since the last 4 terms are x + 8, x + 10, x + 12 and x + 14, the sum of the these 4 numbers is:

(28 + 8) + (28 + 10) + (28 + 12) + (28 + 14) = 36 + 38 + 40 + 42 = 156

Alternative solution:

Recall that we can represent the the integers as:

x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8, x + 10, x + 12, x + 14

We can see that the fifth integer, x + 8, is 8 more than the first integer, x. Likewise, each of the sixth, seventh and eighth integers is 8 more than the second, third and fourth integers. Thus, the sum of the last 4 integers should be 4(8) = 32 more than the sum of the first 4 integers. Since we are given that the sum of the first 4 integers is 124, the sum of the last 4 integers is 124 + 32 = 156.

Answer: D
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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 03:01
Get first term from problem statement
a+a+2+a+4+a+6=124
a=28
Calculate t5 & t8 of the series -> calculate the avg
S4 of last 4 terms=n *avg of t5 & t8 =4*39=156.
Option D.

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 13:14
My method is a little different than those listed above:

The first four terms total 124, so the average of the first four terms is:
124/4 = 31
Given that the numbers are even and consecutive, you know the four numbers must straddle 31; two greater than, two less than: 28, 30, 32, and 34 (which total 124).

So the next four, consecutive numbers are: 36, 38, 40, and 42, totaling 156.
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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 10:40
Bunuel wrote:
In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of the first 4 terms of the sequence is 124. What is the sum of the last 4 terms of the sequence?

A. 136
B. 140
C. 144
D. 156
E. 160


Knowing the sum of the first 4 terms is 124, we can create the following equation in which x = the first term:

x + x + 2 + x + 4 + x + 6 = 124

4x = 112

x = 28

Thus, the sum of the last 4 terms is:

x + 8 + x + 10 + x + 12 + x + 14 = 4x + 44 = 4(28) + 44 = 156

Alternate solution:

We can let these 8 terms be x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8, x + 10, x + 12, x + 14. Notice that each of the last four terms (in bold) is 8 more than each of the first four terms, respectively. Thus the sum of the last four terms must be 8(4) = 32 more than the sum of the first four terms. We are given that the sum of the first four terms is 124; thus, the sum of the last four terms must be 124 + 32 = 156.

Answer: D
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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 14:30
Bunuel wrote:
In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of the first 4 terms of the sequence is 124. What is the sum of the last 4 terms of the sequence?

A. 136
B. 140
C. 144
D. 156
E. 160


4n+12=124
n=28
n+7=35=mean
8*35-124=156
D

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 15:42
formula of sum for n of arithmetic progression sum = n/2(2x + (n-1)*d)
d = 2 (consecutive even integers)
n = 4 (first 4 integers)
x = first number in the progression

124 = 4/2(2x + (4 - 1)*2)
124= 2(2x + 6)
4x = 124 - 12
x= 28

so first 4 even consecutive integers are: 28, 30, 32, 34 = sum 124
then next 4 are: 36 + 38 + 40 + 42 = 156
Answer D

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 06:16
Hi Bunuel,

If we consider the even consecutive intergers as 2a-8, 2a-6, 2a-4, 2a-2, 2a+2, 2a+4, 2a+6, 2a+8, then
8a-20 = 124 ==> a= 18

and 8a+20 ==> 8x18+20= 164.

I think the question is for consecutive positive even integers.

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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 06:28
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shivam2506 wrote:
Hi Bunuel,

If we consider the even consecutive intergers as 2a-8, 2a-6, 2a-4, 2a-2, 2a+2, 2a+4, 2a+6, 2a+8, then
8a-20 = 124 ==> a= 18

and 8a+20 ==> 8x18+20= 164.

I think the question is for consecutive positive even integers.


You are missing 2a as the fifths term: 2a-8, 2a-6, 2a-4, 2a-2, 2a, 2a+2, 2a+4, 2a+6.

So, we need 8a + 12, which is 156.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 08:19
n(2a+(n-1)d)/(2) = 124
n=4, d=2 as even integers
put the values get a=28
now same formula as above put n=8 and a=28
S2= 8(2x28 + (8-1)2 )/2 = 270
S1= 124 given
S = S2- S1 = 270-124 = 156. Option D
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Re: In an increasing sequence of 8 consecutive even integers, the sum of   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2017, 08:19
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