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In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m

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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 00:20
Hi egmat ,


Following your course rules about modifiers, in option C or D we have:


C. Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.

Compared is modifying the preceding noun, Hispanic. So Hispanic are compared with about 35 percent. Does this make sense?



D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

Here compared is modifying "today". So you are comparing today with a decade ago. For me this one makes more sense.



Could you help me please with this problem?


Thank you in advance.

Guillem.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2017, 03:19
In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.- Pronoun it antecedent ; should be "more than 45% of something"
(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent. - Pronoun it antecedent ;"43% of them" here is incorrect, since "43% of the Californians" is already specified.
(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago. - Correct
(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.- Pronoun it antecedent
(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.- Pronoun it antecedent

Answer C
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2017, 03:33
guillemgc wrote:
Hi egmat ,


Following your course rules about modifiers, in option C or D we have:


C. Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.

Compared is modifying the preceding noun, Hispanic. So Hispanic are compared with about 35 percent. Does this make sense?



D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

Here compared is modifying "today". So you are comparing today with a decade ago. For me this one makes more sense.



Could you help me please with this problem?


Thank you in advance.

Guillem.



Hey - the 'it' is not very clear (as in what is it referring to). Could be one of your clues to reject D as the right choice?
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 22:23
pmal04 wrote:
In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.

(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.


The best part of the problems related to COMPARISON problem is that it can be easily solved by just looking at what is it being compared in the question.
These are like mathematical equation, in which "Left Hand Side (LHS)" must be equal to "Right Hand Side (RHS)" .

Keeping this point in the mind, above mentioned problem can be solved easily.

A. 43% is COMPARED WITH “Decade Ago”. – Wrong
B: Same as A - WRONG
C. 43% is compared with “35 percent a decade ago” – CORRECT Comparison
D. Decade Ago is compared with “Mire than 43%” – Wrong
E. “More than 43%” is compared with “Decade Ago” - Wrong

Hence C is the answer.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 07:58
egmat - Option C is correct here but it uses "compared with" and per egmat study content , 'compared with' 'when comapred' are incorrect usage on GMAT. Please clarify.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for m &nbs [#permalink] 10 Oct 2018, 07:58

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