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In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert

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In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Sep 2017, 17:24
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E

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73% (01:20) correct 27% (01:24) wrong based on 631 sessions

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In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of certain pollutants, the administration proposed calling for mandatory restrictions of only three such pollutants from power plants-mercury, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides-and the plan would delay such cuts until 2010 or later.

A. administration proposed calling for mandatory restriction of
B. administration proposed a call for mandatory restrictions, including those for
C. administration, proposing mandatory restrictions on
D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on

Originally posted by Balvinder on 19 May 2007, 23:39.
Last edited by hazelnut on 27 Sep 2017, 17:24, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2007, 00:39
please let me know in D which include stands for what
restrictions ,call or proposal
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2007, 05:22
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Parallelizm : E is right (i think)
In contrast to requires Parallelizm
In contrast to X(proposal), Y (adminstration's proposal) would ...

why E not D, Although D is gramatically not flawed it is wordy. And .."...would cut ..." requires "would" after proposal (again they must be parallel Also it seems to me that "which" in D doesn't have a clear referent (it may be restrictions, propozal)
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2007, 05:41
I believe that D is incorrect and that A is the correct answer.

The reason for D being incorrect seems to be the use of 'include' and not 'includes' while the sentence makes use of 'a proposal'.
Shouldn't it be 'a proposal, which includes'?

I think everyone will agree with eliminating B, C and E, which will leave us with A which does seem to be a good substitue.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2007, 10:07
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To me E looks the answer.

A --->incorrect comparison of environmental proposals with administration
B --->incorrect comparison of environmental proposals with administration
C---->incorrect comparison of environmental proposals with administration
D---->"which includes " means that pollutants are examples of restriction (restrictions in on pollutants )
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2007, 06:58
alas I chose D.... coz I thoguht past tense was implied in the original sentence...... :oops:

Choice E is right.......... :-D
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2007, 21:44
A. administration proposed calling for mandatory restriction of - Wrong Idiom
B. administration proposed a call for mandatory restrictions, including those for
C. administration, proposing mandatory restrictions on
D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on

A - Wrong Idiom

B & D - Eliminate - Verb Tense.

Left with C & E
Both use the correct idiom "restriction on X"
B - Eliminate - Wrong Verb Tense.

E - Uses the correct Verb Tense

Hence E is the answer.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2013, 03:32
Does 'in contrast to' act like 'like' or 'unlike' which are used in comparisons and so do we need parallelism ?
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2013, 04:07
A, B, C are out because they compare the proposal with the administration, then D is out because which does not have a clear antecedent and also verb tense not parallel so choice E is the answer
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2013, 07:08
could some expert kindly confirm the below?

Does 'in contrast to' act like 'like' or 'unlike' which are used in comparisons and so do we need parallelism ?
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2014, 17:31
In contrast X , Y where X and Y should be parallel .

X = environmentalists
Y = administration's

Hence choices between D , E .
However D seems to have relative pronoun 'which' seems to refer to administration's incorrect meaning of the sentence .
Thus leaves us with E
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2014, 16:03
environmentalists’ proposals must be compared with administration’s proposal that crops down the options to D and E..

Between D and E... let me give my discussion here.. But please correct me if my approach is wrong...

In the question "environmentalists’ proposals to limit emissions" they are discussing about what the proposal does(I mean action, a verb)..
In Option D: administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions--- This seems to be like "what is Admin's proposal?"(I mean adjective). This makes invalid comparison..

In E: administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on--- This explains what the admin's proposal does, which is a valid comparison with the non-underlined part of the question..

Once again please correct me if I am doing a wrong approach...
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2016, 08:48
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Balvinder wrote:
In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of certain pollutants, the administration proposed calling for mandatory restrictions of only three such pollutants from power plants-mercury, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides-and the plan would delay such cuts until 2010 or later.
A. administration proposed calling for mandatory restriction of
B. administration proposed a call for mandatory restrictions, including those for
C. administration, proposing mandatory restrictions on
D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on


'environmentalists' proposals' must be compared with 'administration’s proposal'- A, B and C are out.

'Which' in choice 'D' refers to restriction. The meaning implies 'restriction includes three pollutants', and this is not the intended meaning. Actual meaning of the sentence is 'restriction on three pollutants'.

'E' is the correct answer
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2016, 00:06
Balvinder wrote:
In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of certain pollutants, the administration proposed calling for mandatory restrictions of only three such pollutants from power plants-mercury, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides-and the plan would delay such cuts until 2010 or later.
A. administration proposed calling for mandatory restriction of
B. administration proposed a call for mandatory restrictions, including those for
C. administration, proposing mandatory restrictions on
D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on


in D , restriction can not include pollutant. using our common sense of this world we realize the illogic meaning likd this one on sc.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2018, 08:56
apache wrote:
please let me know in D which include stands for what
restrictions ,call or proposal



which stands for restrictions
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 15:03
2
Hi balvinder,

Thank you for your question. Let's tackle this question one problem at a time, and we'll figure out how to get to the correct answer.

Whenever a sentence indicates a comparison or contrast, the first thing to look for is parallel structure between the 2+ things being compared or contrasted. This sentence starts with "In contrast..." so we know this is a good place to start. Let's look at what two things are being contrasted and determine if they're parallel:

A: environmentalist's proposals / administration
B: environmentalist's proposals / administration
C: environmentalist's proposals / administration
D: environmentalist's proposals / administration's proposal
E: environmentalist's proposals / administration's proposal

Answers D & E are the only ones that use parallel structure, so let's get rid of answers A, B, & C.

Here are the main differences between answers D & E:

D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
By saying "was a call," this indicates that the proposal called for these restrictions in the past, but may or may not call for them today. It may also confuse readers into thinking this proposal no longer exists. Therefore, this is an INCORRECT answer.

E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on
This is the CORRECT answer because it uses parallel format and uses the clearer verb "would call" to show what restrictions the proposal currently contains.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 15:28
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PraktanP wrote:
apache wrote:
please let me know in D which include stands for what
restrictions ,call or proposal



which stands for restrictions



Hello everyone,

PraktanP has given the correct answer here. In Choice D, which does modify the immediate preceding noun restrictions.

I am just elaborating on his answer as to why which refers to restrictions and no other noun in the sentence.

1. Which cannot refer to the noun call because the call does not include the three pollutants. Also call is a singular noun. Hence, the plural verb include does not agree in number with singular call.

2. A noun modifier cannot jump over the verb to refer to a subject. Hence, which cannot jump over the verb was to refer to the subject proposal. Again, this reference has the same logical and grammatical issue that we saw with the modification of the noun call.

3. So in Choice D, which grammatically refers to the preceding plural noun restrictions. But then this modification is also not logical as restrictions do not include the three pollutants mentioned in the sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 20:46
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hi balvinder,

Thank you for your question. Let's tackle this question one problem at a time, and we'll figure out how to get to the correct answer.

Whenever a sentence indicates a comparison or contrast, the first thing to look for is parallel structure between the 2+ things being compared or contrasted. This sentence starts with "In contrast..." so we know this is a good place to start. Let's look at what two things are being contrasted and determine if they're parallel:

A: environmentalist's proposals / administration
B: environmentalist's proposals / administration
C: environmentalist's proposals / administration
D: environmentalist's proposals / administration's proposal
E: environmentalist's proposals / administration's proposal

Answers D & E are the only ones that use parallel structure, so let's get rid of answers A, B, & C.

Here are the main differences between answers D & E:

D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include
By saying "was a call," this indicates that the proposal called for these restrictions in the past, but may or may not call for them today. It may also confuse readers into thinking this proposal no longer exists. Therefore, this is an INCORRECT answer.

E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on
This is the CORRECT answer because it uses parallel format and uses the clearer verb "would call" to show what restrictions the proposal currently contains.


wonderful explanation.
simple present is used to show a timeless fact or characteristics.
if we say
proposal is a call
we mean
proposal is alway a call
this make no sense.

this point is hard for me.
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2018, 13:21
yeah agree with E as oa --- marked A though.. forgot about parallelism of "in contrast to X............., Y............" thanks bro nice question
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 19:12
In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of certain pollutants, the administration proposed calling for mandatory restrictions of only three such pollutants from power plants-mercury, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides-and the plan would delay such cuts until 2010 or later.

A. administration proposed calling for mandatory restriction of - parallelism issue - proposal is not parallel to administration
B. administration proposed a call for mandatory restrictions, including those for- parallelism issue - proposal is not parallel to administration
C. administration, proposing mandatory restrictions on - parallelism issue - proposal is not parallel to administration
D. administration’s proposal was a call for mandatory restrictions, which include - which illogically modifies restrictions
E. administration’s proposal would call for mandatory restrictions on - Correct

Answer E
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Re: In contrast to environmentalists' proposals to limit emissions of cert &nbs [#permalink] 04 Mar 2018, 19:12
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