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# In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving

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Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2010
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In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 20:21
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:38) correct 40% (01:55) wrong based on 528 sessions

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In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving and jaywalking at a busy intersection, the town of Colvin plans to install electronic equipment for monitoring and recording the traffic at this intersection during the morning and evening rush hours. Detailed information about this plan has been published in local papers, announced on the radio, and sent directly to every home in and around Colvin.

Which of the following pieces of information would be most helpful in predicting how well the plan described above will work?

(A) The percentage of people living in and around Colvin who have been involved in accidents at the intersection.

(B) The opinion of the plan held by the majority of people living in Colvin.

(C) The speed limit for the stretch of road on which the intersection is found.

(D) The percentage of cars that drive through the intersection that are involved in accidents.

(E) The percentage of drivers who drive through this intersection that live in and around Colvin.

The conclusion is that there will be fewer accidents as a result of the plan to install electronic equipment and to let the residents of Polvin know about the installations. The question asks us to choose the most relevant information in evaluating the strength of this plan. If we know the percentage of drivers who go through this intersection who are Polvinians (and thus know about the monitoring equipment), we can say the plan will work (if the percentage is high) or won't work (if the percentage is low). Thus choice E helps us evaluate the relative strength of the argument (the plan).

Choice A has it backwards; the percentage of Polvinians who pass through the intersection is not important.

In answer B, the opinion of the plan by most of those living in Polvin doesn't matter. What matters is whether they'll drive differently, which you can't tell from this choice, making it incorrect.

Choice C does not affect the outcome of the plan.

Answer D in incorrect because whether that percentage is 1% or 50%, the only thing that matters is whether the percentage will drop.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 21:24
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skbjunior wrote:
In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving and jaywalking at a busy intersection, the town of Colvin plans to install electronic equipment for monitoring and recording the traffic at this intersection during the morning and evening rush hours. Detailed information about this plan has been published in local papers, announced on the radio, and sent directly to every home in and around Colvin.

Which of the following pieces of information would be most helpful in predicting how well the plan described above will work?

(A) The percentage of people living in and around Colvin who have been involvedd in accidents at the intersection.
(B) The opinion of the plan held by the majority of people living in Colvin.
(C) The speed limit for the stretch of road on which the intersection is found.
(D) The percentage of cars that drive through the intersection that are involved in accidents.
(E) The percentage of drivers who drive through this intersection that live in and around Colvin.

I go with option E. Reason:

A -- We cannot help predict the success of the plan with the % or Colvin residents who have already been involved in accidents.
B -- Opinion cannot be used to predict. We need data.
C -- The speed limit for the stretch of the road cannot be used to predict anything.
D -- Again we cannot use this information.
E -- Yes, if the percentage of drivers who drive through the intersection is known then by broadcasting this plan to the local residents we could predict the success of the plan.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2011, 14:32
I pick E.

The premise states that the information about the plan is only going to be sent to houses in and around Colvin. For this plan to work, those people who receive the information have to be relavant to the situation. In other words, they have to be driving through that particular intersection in order to care about the information that is been sent to them.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2011, 17:37
E as the correct choice has to include the drivers living in and around Colvin who drive through this intersection. A is limited in its scope by including only the drivers involved in accidents.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2015, 14:10
Although the option I selected was correct, it was a fluke.

My understanding of the argument:
1. There is an intersection where a lot of accidents take place.
2. City plans to install equipment to monitor the traffic in the morning and evening.
3. This plan of monitoring and recording stuff is supposed to stop accidents.

We need to select an option that supports the fact that the plan will work. And then the options are five numbers - speed limit, percentages. Can someone please explain how these numbers would help towards the plan to be successful?
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2015, 21:25
3
Hi hdwnkr,

Premise 01: To reduce accidents (due to careless driving & Jaywalking) monitoring equipment planned to be installed

Premise 02: Information about this plan would be published and transmitted through appropriate medium to "LOCAL" population

Please note carefully the keyword I have highlighted.

This is evaluate the argument sort of question.

Answer choice E is correct because:

- If the number of driver passing through the mentioned busy junction not residing LOCALLY then the people driving through would not be aware of plan:
Result: Plan could fail

- If the number of driver passing through the mentioned busy junction residing LOCALLY then the people driving through would be aware of plan:
Result: Plan could succeed

Also note that in evaluate the argument questions you can check the answer choice by proving two polar opposite choices.

Hope it helps!

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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2017, 11:32
I was originally confused by D because I interpreted it to mean that we would have the future statistics. Clearly the future stats would be most useful in determining success. But D is actually only referring to current stats which isn't relevant. What if it's 100%? What if its 1%? It doesn't tell us anything.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2017, 03:12
skbjunior wrote:
In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving and jaywalking at a busy intersection, the town of Colvin plans to install electronic equipment for monitoring and recording the traffic at this intersection during the morning and evening rush hours. Detailed information about this plan has been published in local papers, announced on the radio, and sent directly to every home in and around Colvin.

Which of the following pieces of information would be most helpful in predicting how well the plan described above will work?

(A) The percentage of people living in and around Colvin who have been involvedd in accidents at the intersection.
(B) The opinion of the plan held by the majority of people living in Colvin.
(C) The speed limit for the stretch of road on which the intersection is found.
(D) The percentage of cars that drive through the intersection that are involved in accidents.
(E) The percentage of drivers who drive through this intersection that live in and around Colvin.

Need to more emphasize on the distribution of detailed plan around Colvin...2 best contenders are A and E while in A scope is limitted.
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 23:37
Hello GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma,

In option E, how will it "lessen the risk of the # of accidents due to jaywalking and careless driving". I somehow can't logically relate how information from Option E will help to solve the problem stated in the arguement

Request your help. Thanks
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2017, 18:48
I think a, d and e are strong contenders. Could you please xplain reasoning behind the correct choice e
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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 22:26
1
(A) The percentage of people living in and around Colvin who have been involvedd in accidents at the intersection.
-Doesn't help
(B) The opinion of the plan held by the majority of people living in Colvin.
-Doesn't matter
(C) The speed limit for the stretch of road on which the intersection is found.
-Could be, but we need more elaboration of this point, so this isn't it.
(D) The percentage of cars that drive through the intersection that are involved in accidents.
-Percentage could help monitor repeat offenders, but doesn't help the plan.
(E) The percentage of drivers who drive through this intersection that live in and around Colvin.
-The plan is announced to the public. If a large percentage of people from out of town drive through this intersection, then the plan won't work because those out of town drivers wouldn't be aware of the announcement. So, if percentage is low, plan will work. If not, it won't.

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Re: In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2018, 15:08
now what if all this plan/detailed info (announced on radio, local news papers ....) is not received by the majority of the drivers in Colvin ( drivers who don't live in the city but only commute for work for example)
the plan won't be received by the majority of the drivers and thus will fail to reduce the accidents .
That's what option E is all about.
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In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2019, 07:02
VERITAS OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The conclusion is that there will be fewer accidents as a result of the plan to install electronic equipment and to let the residents of Polvin know about the installations. The question asks us to choose the most relevant information in evaluating the strength of this plan. If we know the percentage of drivers who go through this intersection who are Polvinians (and thus know about the monitoring equipment), we can say the plan will work (if the percentage is high) or won't work (if the percentage is low). Thus choice E helps us evaluate the relative strength of the argument (the plan). Choice A has it backwards; the percentage of Polvinians who pass through the intersection is not important. In answer B, the opinion of the plan by most of those living in Polvin doesn't matter. What matters is whether they'll drive differently, which you can't tell from this choice, making it incorrect. Choice C does not affect the outcome of the plan. Answer D in incorrect because whether that percentage is 1% or 50%, the only thing that matters is whether the percentage will drop.
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In order to lessen the risk of accidents caused by careless driving   [#permalink] 20 Apr 2019, 07:02
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