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In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not

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In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not [#permalink]

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In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has noted consistent delays on its Holdsville-River Valley bus, which runs from downtown Holdsville to the suburb of River Valley. In order to decrease the commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley, the HTA recently eliminated the James Street stop on the Holdsville-River Valley line. However, data show that the average commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley has actually increased since the elimination of the stop.

Which of the following provides the best explanation for the increase in commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley?

(A) Almost all of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use the adjacent Green Street stop, causing overcrowding and excessive boarding and de-boarding delays at the Green Street stop.

(B) A small percentage of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use alternate modes of transportation to commute from Holdsville to River Valley.

(C) 90% of Holdsville-River Valley commuters were in favor of eliminating the James Street stop.

(D) The Holdsville-River Valley bus route runs along River Street, which is always congested with heavy automobile traffic.

(E) The Johnstown bus line, another line operated by the HTA, has also experienced an increase in average commuting time since eliminating a stop on its route.

Main CR Qs link - http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-qs-600-700 ... 31508.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Oct 2017, 08:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2012, 13:42
+1 A

The overcrowding and excessive boarding and de-boarding in Green Street Stop are causing the delays that affect the time in the entire trip.
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Re: In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2012, 16:52
mohankumarbd wrote:
In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has noted consistent delays on its Holdsville-River Valley bus, which runs from downtown Holdsville to the suburb of River Valley. In order to decrease the commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley, the
HTA recently eliminated the James Street stop on the Holdsville-River Valley line. However, data show that the average commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley has actually increased since the elimination of the stop. Which of the following provides the best explanation for the increase in commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley?

A) Almost all of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use the adjacent
Green Street stop, causing overcrowding and excessive boarding and de-boarding delays at
the Green Street stop.
b) A small percentage of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use
alternate modes of transportation to commute from Holdsville to River Valley.
c) 90% of Holdsville-River Valley commuters were in favor of eliminating the James Street
stop.
d) The Holdsville-River Valley bus route runs along River Street, which is always congested
with heavy automobile traffic.
e) The Johnstown bus line, another line operated by the HTA, has also experienced an increase
in average commuting time since eliminating a stop on its route.

Main CR Qs link - cr-qs-600-700-level-131508.html


Correct 1:23

A) Almost all of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use the adjacent Green Street stop, causing overcrowding and excessive boarding and de-boarding delays at the Green Street stop. Correct, resolves the paradox and adds information which states how the both sides can coexist and both sides of the argument can be correct
b) A small percentage of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use alternate modes of transportation to commute from Holdsville to River Valley. Incorrect, although a contender, but does not answer the reason of the increase in average delays
c) 90% of Holdsville-River Valley commuters were in favor of eliminating the James Street stop. out of scope of agrument
d) The Holdsville-River Valley bus route runs along River Street, which is always congested with heavy automobile traffic. no bearing on increase in delays
e) The Johnstown bus line, another line operated by the HTA, has also experienced an increase in average commuting time since eliminating a stop on its route. incorrect, this is not parallel reasoning or resolve the paradox
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Re: In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2017, 08:19
GetThisDone wrote:
In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has noted consistent delays on its Holdsville-River Valley bus, which runs from downtown Holdsville to the suburb of River Valley. In order to decrease the commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley, the HTA recently eliminated the James Street stop on the Holdsville-River Valley line. However, data show that the average commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley has actually increased since the elimination of the stop.

Which of the following provides the best explanation for the increase in commuting time from Holdsville to River Valley?

(A) Almost all of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use the adjacent Green Street stop, causing overcrowding and excessive boarding and de-boarding delays at the Green Street stop.

(B) A small percentage of the commuters who previously used the James Street stop now use alternate modes of transportation to commute from Holdsville to River Valley.

(C) 90% of Holdsville-River Valley commuters were in favor of eliminating the James Street stop.

(D) The Holdsville-River Valley bus route runs along River Street, which is always congested with heavy automobile traffic.

(E) The Johnstown bus line, another line operated by the HTA, has also experienced an increase in average commuting time since eliminating a stop on its route.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The question asks us to explain a counterintuitive result. How is it that the elimination of the James Street stop actually caused an increase in commuting time? In order to answer this question, we must consider any unexpected side effects of the elimination that could have resulted in unanticipated delays. What changed after the elimination that caused unexpected delays?

(A) CORRECT. The overcrowding of the Green Street stop is an unexpected side effect that caused unanticipated delays that did not exist before the elimination of the James Street stop.

(B) This does not provide a reason for an increase in delays. If anything, fewer commuters would cause a decrease in commuting time.

(C) The commuters’ opinions regarding the elimination of the James Street stop have nothing to do with the reason why the elimination actually caused an increase in commuting time.

(D) There is no indication that the traffic conditions have changed since the elimination of the James Street stop. Heavy traffic was a problem before the elimination, just as it has been since the elimination. Therefore, this cannot be the cause of increased commuting time.

(E) While this information may point to an emerging pattern, it does not help to explain why eliminating a stop on the Holdsville-River Valley line would cause an increase in commuting time.
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Re: In recent years, the Holdsville Transportation Authority (HTA) has not   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2017, 08:19
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