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# In surprising medical news, scientists investigating

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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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07 May 2009, 09:07
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

1.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
2.brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
3.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
4.brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
5.brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
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07 May 2009, 09:33
I will go with E. The first four choices seem to me that "injury is located and not the part." E clarifies this. Any comments guys.
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07 May 2009, 09:42
[quote][/quote]

A and B.

A is clearer. Answer is A
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07 May 2009, 09:43
[quote][/quote]

A and B.

A is clearer. Answer is A
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07 May 2009, 09:52
Can someone explain "smoking habit". Can smoking (which is ending in -ing be used as an adjective.
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07 May 2009, 10:57
I'd choose B. I feel like the commas in A change the meaning of the intent of the sentence, and make it sound like the entire brain is behind the ear, instead of just a part.
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07 May 2009, 11:34
rampuria wrote:
Can someone explain "smoking habit". Can smoking (which is ending in -ing be used as an adjective.

I do not think "smoking" is used as an adjective here. Instead, it is part of the composite noun. Any comments from others?

I will also go with B (although I would have preferred "habit of smoking" over "smoking habit"
).
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07 May 2009, 12:57
rampuria wrote:
In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

1.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
2.brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
3.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
4.brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
5.brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

I choose B.

The location is essential here (because you are referring to a particular part of the brain)

So A, C are out.
E is wrong for above stated reason and for awkward modifier construction ( )

between B and D, D is again awkward construction.

B wins.
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07 May 2009, 13:04
scthakur wrote:
rampuria wrote:
Can someone explain "smoking habit". Can smoking (which is ending in -ing be used as an adjective.

I do not think "smoking" is used as an adjective here. Instead, it is part of the composite noun. Any comments from others?

I will also go with B (although I would have preferred "habit of smoking" over "smoking habit"
).

I can't agree with you more.

Smoking habit is compound noun indeed. Generic form is [Verb+ing] + NOUN.
Ex: "Smoking habit is injurious to health"
Another example: "Rising Sun is an internationally best-selling novel by Michael Crichton"

IMO B.
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07 May 2009, 13:14
Between B and D, I go with D.

I have no idea why. I just liked the comma - it didn't make the sentence sound like a run on.
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07 May 2009, 20:21
rampuria wrote:
OA -A

still think C is a better option than A, do you have a source and OE?
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08 May 2009, 06:32
smoking habit is more precis than habit of smoking ..
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08 May 2009, 07:38
IMO A

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

1.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> a smoking habit is suitable word using here. The use of comma behind brain is correct and located correctly modifies for Noun phrase injury to a specific part
2.brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> this wrongly means brain is located behind the ear
3.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> the habit of smoking is wrong word use because habit is an abstract aspect and it can't be identified definitely. Therefore, the before habit is wrong used
4.brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> same error as B
5.brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> same as C
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09 May 2009, 01:07
Minheequang wrote:
IMO A

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

1.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> a smoking habit is suitable word using here. The use of comma behind brain is correct and located correctly modifies for Noun phrase injury to a specific part
2.brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> this wrongly means brain is located behind the ear
3.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> the habit of smoking is wrong word use because [b]habit is an abstract aspect and it can't be identified definitely. Therefore, the before habit is wrong used[/b]4.brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> same error as B
5.brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> same as C

can you elaborate on this? what do you mean?
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09 May 2009, 06:06
bigtreezl wrote:
Minheequang wrote:
IMO A

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

1.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> a smoking habit is suitable word using here. The use of comma behind brain is correct and located correctly modifies for Noun phrase injury to a specific part
2.brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> this wrongly means brain is located behind the ear
3.brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> the habit of smoking is wrong word use because [b]habit is an abstract aspect and it can't be identified definitely. Therefore, the before habit is wrong used[/b]4.brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit --> same error as B
5.brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking --> same as C

can you elaborate on this? what do you mean?

Maybe I'm not very sure about this explanation of (C). However, my choice is still (A) and I will explain the fallacy of C in this more justifiable way:

a smoking habit is better than the habit of smoking because the latter one can be wrongly thought that smoking has a habit, while a smoking habit is more simple and precise
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 09:29
Overall, considering the placement of commas and the modifications, It looks A and C are equally good. But the controversy about a smoking habit or habit of smoking is something that we have to endure. There could be arguments and counter - arguments for and against both. For example; we may argue that a leading person is one who is leading; a flying bird is the one that is flying (and not stationary). Similarly, can’t we mean that a smoking habit is a habit that smokes? We can also say, the habit of smoking is a habit possessed by smoking. Ain’t GMAT SC questions more decisive?
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2012, 09:29
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