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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result

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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Feb 2018, 01:41
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D
E

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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.

Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?

(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.

(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.

(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.

(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.

(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.

I am not satisfied with the explanation.. OA is E.. I did it first time perhaps and now i am not able to corelate howis it corelating with the argument..pls explain

Originally posted by rohansherry on 22 Aug 2009, 07:35.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Feb 2018, 01:41, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Aug 2009, 01:14
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Premise 1: a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not;

Premise 2: a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do.

Conclusion: To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of
false positive results.

The conclusion that the author draws is unexpected because we should look for laboratories that have the lowest proportion of false negative results. However, the questions is asking for an answer choice that strengthens the argument.

Option E says that all the laboratories have the same proportion of false negative results. If all have the same proportion, then the one with the lowest proportion of false positive results would be the best.

Consider the following example

Height is the most important feature for a basketball player, whereas speed is the second one. However, Richard is the best player in his team because he is the fastest.

What would make this conclusion be properly drawn?

All the players in Richard's team have the same height.

Originally posted by mikeCoolBoy on 22 Aug 2009, 08:23.
Last edited by mikeCoolBoy on 23 Aug 2009, 01:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2009, 10:48
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In other words,
X and Y are two scenarios/situations that affect a conclusion.

When can we say that the conclusion depends ONLY on how X varies?
=>Only when Y is constant or when it varies proportionately we can say that the conclusion entirely depends on how X varies.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2009, 00:18
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Option E says that all the laboratories have the same proportion of false negative. If all have the same proportion, then the one with the lowest proportion of false positive results would be the best.

All the players in Richard's team have the same height.

Economist wrote:
In other words,
X and Y are two scenarios/situations that affect a conclusion.

When can we say that the conclusion depends ONLY on how X varies?
=>Only when Y is constant or when it varies proportionately we can say that the conclusion entirely depends on how X varies.



But if the lowest proportion of false positive results are to be selected how can we say strengthen it by saying all have the same proportion. IF it is the case we can not select th lowest coz all are the same. ..

Pls let me know what i am missing on?
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2009, 01:13
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rohansherry wrote:
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Option E says that all the laboratories have the same proportion of false negative. If all have the same proportion, then the one with the lowest proportion of false positive results would be the best.

All the players in Richard's team have the same height.

Economist wrote:
In other words,
X and Y are two scenarios/situations that affect a conclusion.

When can we say that the conclusion depends ONLY on how X varies?
=>Only when Y is constant or when it varies proportionately we can say that the conclusion entirely depends on how X varies.



But if the lowest proportion of false positive results are to be selected how can we say strengthen it by saying all have the same proportion. IF it is the case we can not select th lowest coz all are the same. ..

Pls let me know what i am missing on?


watch out


all laboratories have the same proportion of FALSE NEGATIVE RESULTS NOT FALSE POSITIVE RESULTS
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2009, 00:30
well explained mikeCoolBoy, even I was very confused with the options.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2009, 12:19
I got it this way....
Since none of the labs have a chance of saying the negative results perfectly, the only one who would atleast test the positive results closest should be chosen, sorta elimination for the labs given all other criterion being equal
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2009, 15:18
Uupppsss...

Was going over my antena. Thanks to everyone of the contributors!
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2009, 23:02
Please tell me what is the correct answer.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Jan 2017, 11:21
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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.

Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?

(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.

try this but give your logic to support your answer
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Originally posted by SudiptoGmat on 20 Jan 2010, 08:25.
Last edited by mikemcgarry on 09 Jan 2017, 11:21, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2010, 09:06
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SudiptoGmat wrote:
In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?
(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.

try this but give your logic to support your answer


Choosing Option E here.

Reasoning : am assuming each lab tests consists of false postive results,accurate results and false negative results. Providing treatment to a person not afflicted by the disease ( a false positive) may have serious side effects ,while in the other 2 cases- false negative and accurate,the treatment works in the person's favour.

So ,if all lab tests have the same proportion of false -ve results,it make sense to use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results for minimising the risk of any adverse side effects ,while maximising treatment benefit to the rest of the population.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2010, 11:31
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OA is .

I wanted to know what others think about the question. Thanks for explanation. I am in sync with you.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2010, 23:25
+1 for E. E says False negative results are the same in all the labs and hence it is the false positive results that would determine which lab to use!!
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2010, 00:14
Ya, I went for C via pre-phrasing :(, and coud'nt concentrate on E.
E should be the correct one :)
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Nov 2017, 20:57
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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.

Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?

(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.


Tough and confusing :?

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Originally posted by kidchaos on 09 Sep 2010, 00:52.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 12 Nov 2017, 20:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2010, 05:57
SudiptoGmat wrote:
In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?
(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects. ==> Keeping it as a contender
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma. ==> Weakens the argument since the test results have the same minor side effects as other tests and so there is no good reason to specifically use lab test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life. ==> No effect on the argument
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma. ==> No effect on the argument
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results. ==> Contender

try this but give your logic to support your answer



Out of A and E, E definitely supports the argument better than A does.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2011, 19:53
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In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?
(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2011, 20:37
To make the argument predictable, when one thing varies the other variable should be constant. This is simple quant which makes E as the answer.

fanatico wrote:
In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?
(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2011, 21:08
A will be option if the recomm was to use the test with least proportion of false negative
B discusses side effects of various tests- irrelevant
C mentions timings- but no mention is in question of timelines of the tese.
D talks of all incolclusive tests- not only the false positive ones
E says all other things being equal ( all tests having the same proportion of false negative results) which should be used- obviously, the one wth least false positive.
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2011, 01:13
fanatico wrote:
In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.
Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?
(A) The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
(B) The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(C) In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
(D) The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
(E) All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.

The gist of the matter is that people should not be unduly scared about having contracted pironoma disease.The impression is that people should not be led to believe that they dont have pironoma when in fact they do.
This can be explained by the fact that a false negative is not a problem but a false positive is.
One feasible explanation is that all tests have the same false negative where as the false positive is a parameter that can be considered
A : Mildly Strengthens but not in context

B : Irrelevant
C:Weakens
D:Weakens
E :Strengthens
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Re: In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result   [#permalink] 14 Mar 2011, 01:13

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