GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Apr 2019, 19:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 15
Schools: Simon '19
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V38
Reviews Badge
In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Apr 2019, 08:56
3
4
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 106 sessions

56% (03:31) correct 44% (03:25) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 140 sessions

66% (01:05) correct 34% (01:23) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 139 sessions

93% (00:56) correct 7% (01:10) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 138 sessions

61% (01:35) correct 39% (01:23) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 139 sessions

71% (01:01) correct 29% (01:06) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 126 sessions

77% (01:07) correct 23% (01:19) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 126 sessions

60% (02:05) correct 40% (01:58) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 138, Date : 10-APR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a critical examination of authentic primary information sources—one area that has recently attracted attention focuses on the responses of explorers and settlers to new landscapes in order to provide insights into the transformations of the landscape itself has undergone as a result of settlement. In this endeavor historiographers examining the history of the Pacific Coast of United States have traditionally depended on the records left by European American explorers of the nineteenth century who, as commissioned agents of the U.S. government, were instructed to report thoroughly their findings in writing.

But in furthering this investigation some historiographers have recently recognized the need to expand their definition of what a source is. They maintain that the sources traditionally accepted as documenting the history of the Pacific Coast have too often omitted the response of Asian settlers to this territory. In part this is due to the dearth of written records left by Asian settlers; in contrast to the commissioned agents, most of the people who first came to western North America from Asia during this same period did not focus on developing a self-conscious written record of their involvement with the landscape. But because a full study of a culture’s historical relationship to its land cannon confine itself to a narrow record of experience, these historiographers have begun to recognize the value of other kinds of evidence, such as the actions of Asian settlers.

As a case in point, the role of Chinese settlers in expanding agriculture throughout the Pacific Coast territory is integral to the history of the region. Without access to the better land, Chinese settlers looked for agricultural potential in this generally arid region where other settlers did not. For example, where settlers of European descent looked at willows and saw only useless, untillable swamp, Chinese settlers saw fresh water, fertile soil, and the potential for bringing water to more arid areas via irrigation. Where other settlers who looked at certain weeds, such as wild mustard, generally saw a nuisance, Chinese settlers saw abundant raw material for valuable spices from a plant naturally suited to the local soil and climate.

Given their role in the labor force shaping this territory in the nineteenth century, the Chinese settlers offered more than just a new view of the land. Their vision was reinforced by specialized skills involving swamp reclamation and irrigation systems, which helped lay the foundation for the now well-known and prosperous agribusiness of the region. That 80 percent of the area’s cropland is now irrigated and that the region is currently the top producer of many specialty crops cannot be fully understood by historiographers without attention to the input of Chinese settlers as reconstructed from their interactions with that landscape.

1. Which one of the following most accurately states the main point of the passage?

A. The history of settlement along the Pacific Coast of the U.S., as understood by most historiographers, is confirmed by evidence reconstructed from the actions of Asian settlers.
B. Asian settlers on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. left a record of their experiences that traditional historiographers believed to be irrelevant.
C. To understand Asian settlers’ impact on the history of the Pacific Coast of the U.S., historiographers have had to recognize the value of non-traditional kinds of historiographical evidence.
D. Spurred by new findings regarding Asian settlement on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. historiographers have begun to debate the methodological foundations of historiographer.
E. By examining only written information, historiography as it is traditionally practiced has produced inaccurate historical accounts.

2. Which one of the following most accurately describes the author’s primary purpose in discussing Chinese settlers in the third paragraph?

A. To suggest that Chinese settlers followed typical settlement patterns in this region during the nineteenth century.
B. To argue that little written evidence of Chinese settlers’ practice survives
C. To provide examples illustrating the unique view Asian settlers had of the land
D. To demonstrate that the history of settlement in the region has become a point of contention among historiographers.
E. To claim that the historical record provided by the actions of Asian settlers is inconsistent with history as derived from the traditional sources.

3. The passage states that the primary traditional historiographic sources of information about the history of the Pacific Coast of the U.S. have which one of the following characteristics?

A. They were written both before and after Asian settlers arrived in the area
B. They include accounts by Native Americans in the area
C. They are primarily concerned with potential agricultural uses of the land.
D. They focus primarily on the presence of water sources in the region
E. They are accounts left by European American explorers.

4. The author would most likely disagree with which one of the following statements?

A. Examining the actions not only of Asian settlers but of other cultural groups of the Pacific Coast of the U.S. is necessary to a full understanding of the impact of settlement on the landscape there.

B. The significance of certain actions to the writing of history may be recognized by one group of historiographers but not another.
C. Recognizing the actions of Asian settlers adds to but does not complete the writing of the history of the Pacific Coast of the U.S.
D. By recognizing as evidence the actions of people, historiographers expand the definition of what a source is
E. The expanded definition of a source will probably not be relevant to studies of regions that have no significant immigration of non-Europeans.

5. According to the passage, each of the following was an aspect of Chinese settlers’ initial interactions with the landscape of the Pacific Coast of the U.S. EXCEPT:

A. New ideas for utilizing local plants
B. A new view of the land
C. Specialized agricultural skills
D. Knowledge of agribusiness practices
E. Knowledge of irrigation systems

6. Which one of the following can most reasonably be inferred from the passage?

A. Most Chinese settlers came to the Pacific Coast of the U.S. because the climate was similar to that which they were familiar
B. Chinese agricultural methods in the nineteenth century included knowledge of swamp reclamation
C. Settlers of European descent used wild mustard seed as a spice
D. Because of the abundance of written source available, it is not worthwhile to examine the actions of European settlers.
E. What written records were left by Asian settlers were neglected and consequently lost to scholarly research.

7. Which one of the following, if true, would most help to strengthen the author’s main claim in the last sentence of the passage?

A. Market research of agribusinesses owned by descendants of Chinese settlers shows that the market for the region’s specialty crops has grown substantially faster than the market for any other crops in the last decade.
B. Nineteenth-century surveying records indicate that the lands now cultivated by specialty crop businesses owned by descendants of Chinese settlers were formerly swamp lands.
C. Research by university agricultural science departments proves that the formerly arid lands now cultivated by large agribusinesses contain extremely fertile soil when they are sufficiently irrigated
D. A technological history tracing the development of irrigation systems in region reveals that their efficiency has increased steadily since the nineteenth century
E. Whether records compiled over the previous century demonstrate that the weather patterns in the region are well-suited to growing certain specialty crops as long as they are irrigated.



  • Source: LSAT Official PrepTest 44 (October 2004)
  • Difficulty Level: 600

Originally posted by ahuan077 on 12 Apr 2016, 13:48.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 12 Apr 2019, 08:56, edited 3 times in total.
Completely Overhauled the Passage
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Aug 2018
Posts: 25
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2018, 08:23
Can anyone explain Q4 please?
CR Forum Moderator
avatar
D
Joined: 25 Apr 2018
Posts: 477
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 08:08
gaganpreet94 wrote:
Can anyone explain Q4 please?


gaganpreet94 I used POE to solve this.Below is my analysis.

4.The author would most likely disagree with which one of the following statements?

A.Examining the actions not only of Asian settlers but of other cultural groups of the Pacific Coast of the U.S. is necessary to a full understanding of the impact of settlement on the landscape there. -- Since the actions of Chinese settlers along with early writing provides full understanding Author Agrees with this.

B. The significance of certain actions to the writing of history may be recognized by one group of historiographers but not another. -- Following is an excerpt from the starting lines of Para 2. But in furthering this investigation some historiographers have recently recognized the need to expand their definition of what a source is.Based on this we can say that Author agrees with this.

C. Recognizing the actions of Asian settlers adds to but does not complete the writing of the history of the Pacific Coast of the U.S. -- Yes because we need both Asian settlers actions and writings of the history of the Pacific Coast to get the complete picture

D. By recognizing as evidence the actions of people, historiographers expand the definition of what a source is. --Following is an excerpt from the last sentences of Para 2. But because a full study of a culture’s historical relationship to its land cannon confine itself to a narrow record of experience, these historiographers have begun to recognize the value of other kinds of evidence, such as the actions of Asian settlers. So, Author agrees with this.

E. The expanded definition of a source will probably not be relevant to studies of regions that have no significant immigration of non-Europeans -- Correct choice and seems to be legit one

Hope this helps!
_________________
Please give kudos if you found my posts helpful!

Project CR Butler - 2 CR's everyday
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Sep 2018
Posts: 67
Location: United States
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2018, 13:33
Can anyone explain Q7 please?

ahuan077, gmat1393
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 02 Aug 2015
Posts: 155
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Oct 2018, 19:19
1
Cinematiccuisine wrote:
Can anyone explain Q7 please?

ahuan077, gmat1393


Hey Cinematiccuisine

The last sentence says, 'That 80 percent of the area’s cropland is now irrigated and that the region is currently the top producer of many specialty crops cannot be fully understood by historiographers without attention to the input of Chinese settlers as reconstructed from their interactions with that landscape'.

Essence of the sentence - Without knowledge of role played by Chinese, it's difficult to know about many speciality crops.

Which of the following strengthens?

A. Market research of agribusinesses owned by descendants of Chinese settlers shows that the market for the region’s specialty crops has grown substantially faster than the market for any other crops in the last decade. - Not relevant
B. Nineteenth-century surveying records indicate that the lands now cultivated by specialty crop businesses owned by descendants of Chinese settlers were formerly swamp lands. -Strengthens. If the land owned by Chinese descendants were swamp lands, it's the Chinese who have used their knowledge to make such lands fertile.
C. Research by university agricultural science departments proves that the formerly arid lands now cultivated by large agribusinesses contain extremely fertile soil when they are sufficiently irrigated. - Doesn't connect the role played by Chinese and the swamp lands. Not relevant.
D. A technological history tracing the development of irrigation systems in region reveals that their efficiency has increased steadily. Doesn't bring Chinese in the picture. Doesn't connect the role played by Chinese and the swamp lands. Not relevant.
E. Whether records compiled over the previous century demonstrate that the weather patterns in the region are well-suited to growing certain specialty crops as long as they are irrigated. Doesn't connect the role played by Chinese and the swamp lands. Not relevant.

Hope this helped.

Cheers!
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Preparing GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 2616
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.39
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2019, 08:57
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions
_________________
New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Final days of the GMAT Exam? => All GMAT Flashcards.
This Post Helps = Press +1 Kudos
Best of Luck on the GMAT!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 22 May 2018
Posts: 52
CAT Tests
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2019, 04:58
1
Quote:
1. Which one of the following most accurately states the main point of the passage?


Quote:
But because a full study of a culture’s historical relationship to its land cannon confine itself to a narrow record of experience, these historiographers have begun to recognize the value of other kinds of evidence, such as the actions of Asian settlers.


Quote:
A. The history of settlement along the Pacific Coast of the U.S., as understood by most historiographers, is confirmed by evidence reconstructed from the actions of Asian settlers.

The passage is not about confirming the history of settlement along the pacific coast, but about including the written records of other Asian settlers to get a true picture.

Quote:
B. Asian settlers on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. left a record of their experiences that traditional historiographers believed to be irrelevant.

Traditional historiographers did not consider the records of Asian Settlers because the their definition for source included just European records. Not because they consider it to be irrelevant.

Quote:
C. To understand Asian settlers’ impact on the history of the Pacific Coast of the U.S., historiographers have had to recognize the value of non-traditional kinds of historiographical evidence.

Yes. Right Answer. They had to redefine their traditional sources and turn to non-traditional sources to understand the history of the Pacific coast.

Quote:
D. Spurred by new findings regarding Asian settlement on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. historiographers have begun to debate the methodological foundations of historiographer.

No debate took place in the argument.

Quote:
E. By examining only written information, historiography as it is traditionally practiced has produced inaccurate historical accounts.

Nothing of that sort is mentioned.
_________________
Kudos if you liked my post. Please help me reach next level.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2019, 04:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the field of historiography—the writing of history based on a criti

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.