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Manager  Joined: 09 Feb 2013
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In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   65% (hard)

Question Stats: 63% (02:37) correct 37% (02:17) wrong based on 374 sessions

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In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

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Originally posted by emmak on 28 Feb 2013, 05:23.
Last edited by Bunuel on 28 Feb 2013, 06:57, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53831
Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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6
17 In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

Important property:
A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s side, then that triangle is a right triangle.

According to the above, we have that ABC is a right triangle, with a right angle at B. Thus the area of ABC is $$\frac{1}{2}*AB*BC=\frac{1}{2}*12*4\sqrt{3}=24\sqrt{3}$$.

Now, notice that since OA=OC=radius, then BO turns out to be the median of triangle ABC.

Another important property:
Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area.

So, (area of AOB) = (area of COB) = 1/2 (area of ABC) = $$\frac{1}{2}*24\sqrt{3}=12\sqrt{3}$$.

For more check here: math-triangles-87197.html
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Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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1
As AC (diameter of the cirlcle) is one side of the triangle, ABC is right angle triangle and B is 90 degrees.

Area of ABS is 1/2 * 12*4*sqrt(3) = 24 Sqrt(3)
The are of AOB must be less than ABC.
in the given options only option A is less than 24 Sqrt(3)
Answer is - A
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Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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emmak wrote:
Attachment:
1.jpg
In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

Area of ABC = 1/2*AB*BC = 1/2*12*4\sqrt{3} = 24\sqrt{3}
Area of AOB = 1/2 Area of ABC = 12\sqrt{3}

Hence, A is correct.
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Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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Thank you for another great geometry question, emmak. Now let's solve it properly Attachment: 1.jpg [ 6.23 KiB | Viewed 7331 times ]

The first thing you'll notice in the figure above is that the hypothenuse (the biggest side in a triangle - in this case AC) is the diameter of the circle. Which automatically means that the ABC triangle is a right triangle. Therefore, the Pythagorean theorem become applicable.

We know the lengths of AB and BC, we can therefore deduce the length of AC by using the Pythagorean theorem.

First of all : $$AC^2 = AB^2 + BC^2$$

By plugging in the values of AB and BC, we get :

$$AC^2 = 12^2 + (4\sqrt{3})^2$$
$$AC^2 = 144 + 16*3 = 144 + 48 = 192$$
$$AC = \sqrt{192}$$

By breaking down 192 into prime factors we get : $$192 = 2^6 * 3$$

So $$AC = 8\sqrt{3}$$

Since O is the center of the circle, then $$AO = OC = OB = \frac{AC}{2} = 4\sqrt{3}$$

Notice that the triangle AOB is an isoceles triangle (since AO = OB) and the formula for calculating the area of a triangle is : $$Area = \frac{base * height}{2}$$

The base here is AB. We need to find the height. Since AOB is an isoceles triangle, then the height will cut the base in half. So, noting H as the height of AOB, we can apply the Pythagorean theorem to deduce the value of the height :

$$H^2 + \frac{AB^2}{4} = OB^2$$

$$H = \sqrt{OB^2 - \frac{AB^2}{4}}$$

By plugging in the values of AB and OB we get :

$$H = \sqrt{16*3 - 6^2} = \sqrt{48 - 36} = \sqrt{12} = 2*\sqrt{3}$$

We can finally apply the formula to calculate the area of AOB :

$$Area of AOB = \frac{H*AB}{2} = 2*12*\sqrt{3}/2$$ = $$12*\sqrt{3}$$

Which corresponds to answer choice A.

Hope that helped Intern  Joined: 15 Jul 2012
Posts: 32
Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

Important property:
A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s side, then that triangle is a right triangle.

According to the above, we have that ABC is a right triangle, with a right angle at B. Thus the area of ABC is $$\frac{1}{2}*AB*BC=\frac{1}{2}*12*4\sqrt{3}=24\sqrt{3}$$.

Now, notice that since OA=OC=radius, then BO turns out to be the median of triangle ABC.

Another important property:
Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area.

So, (area of AOB) = (area of COB) = 1/2 (area of ABC) = $$\frac{1}{2}*24\sqrt{3}=12\sqrt{3}$$.

For more check here: math-triangles-87197.html

Hey Bunuel,
Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area

is it that according to this property as mentioned above by you mean that the two smaller triangles are similiar?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53831
Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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saggii27 wrote:
Bunuel wrote: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

Important property:
A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s side, then that triangle is a right triangle.

According to the above, we have that ABC is a right triangle, with a right angle at B. Thus the area of ABC is $$\frac{1}{2}*AB*BC=\frac{1}{2}*12*4\sqrt{3}=24\sqrt{3}$$.

Now, notice that since OA=OC=radius, then BO turns out to be the median of triangle ABC.

Another important property:
Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area.

So, (area of AOB) = (area of COB) = 1/2 (area of ABC) = $$\frac{1}{2}*24\sqrt{3}=12\sqrt{3}$$.

For more check here: math-triangles-87197.html

Hey Bunuel,
Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area

is it that according to this property as mentioned above by you mean that the two smaller triangles are similiar?

Where did I say that the two smaller triangles are similar? They are not.
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Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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1
2
emmak wrote:
Attachment:
1.jpg
In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

AOC is the diameter so the angle subtended in semi circle ABC will be 90 degrees. So triangle ABC is a right triangle at B.

If $$AB = 12$$ and $$BC = 4*\sqrt{3}$$, this is a ratio of $$\sqrt{3}:1$$ which means that the hypotenuse will be 2 on the ratio scale. So $$AC = 2*4*\sqrt{3} = 8\sqrt{3}$$

Area of triangle ABC = (1/2) * AB * BC = (1/2) * Altitude from B to AC * AC
Altitude from B to AC $$= 12 * (4\sqrt{3}) / (8\sqrt{3}) = 6$$

Area of triangle AOB = (1/2) * AO * Altitude from B to AC = $$(1/2) * (8\sqrt{3})/2 * 6 = 12\sqrt{3}$$

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Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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emmak wrote:
Attachment:
The attachment 1.jpg is no longer available
In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points A, B, and C on the circle, given that length (AB)= 12 and length (BC)=$$4\sqrt{3}$$, what is the area of triangle AOB?

A. $$12\sqrt{3}$$

B. $$24\sqrt{3}$$

C. 48

D. $$48\sqrt{3}$$

E. 72

Attachments triangle.png [ 36.06 KiB | Viewed 3195 times ]

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Joined: 13 Jan 2015
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In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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I only calculated the area of triangle ABC which came out to be 24sqrt3 . Now triangle AOB will have an area smaller than triangle ABC .Went through the options and 12sqrt3 is the only value that is less than 24sqrt3 . Took less than 30 secs. Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 10204
Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2018, 09:46
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# In the figure above, showing circle with center O and points

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