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# In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny

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Tuck School Moderator
Status: Valar Dohaeris
Joined: 31 Aug 2016
Posts: 300
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V37
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 08:30
1
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:56) correct 18% (01:06) wrong based on 81 sessions

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In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny became the focal point of Claude Monet's artistic endeavors, one of the French Impressionists .

A. Claude Monet's artistic endeavors, one of the French Impressionists

B. Claude Monet's, one of the French Impressionists, artistic endeavors

C. the artistic endeavors of Claude Monet, one of the French Impressionists

D. the artistic endeavors of Claude Monet's, one of the French Impressionists

E. one of the French Impressionists, Claude Monet's artistic endeavors

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In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 10:06
3
PeepalTree wrote:
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny became the focal point of Claude Monet's artistic endeavors, one of the French Impressionists .

A. Claude Monet's artistic endeavors, one of the French Impressionists

B. Claude Monet's, one of the French Impressionists, artistic endeavors

C. the artistic endeavors of Claude Monet, one of the French Impressionists

D. the artistic endeavors of Claude Monet's, one of the French Impressionists

E. one of the French Impressionists, Claude Monet's artistic endeavors

Major issues tested: modifier placement (including an appositive) and
the construction of possessive phrases.

The issues are subtle.
Like parallelism, modifier placement takes more time to analyze than "one word" errors.

Eliminate answers that may involve modifier misplacement but also involve possessive case problems.

Split #1: POSSESSIVE case on the GMAT

Possessive case
Possession or belonging is indicated in one of two ways, but not both in the same sentence

• first way: use of NOUN or of NAME
If you use OF, do not add apostrophe + s

Correct: actions OF heroic soldiers • unpublished works OF Hemingway • emotions OF a child

• second way: [NAME + 's] or [possessive pronoun] + object
Correct: Ethiopia's first woman president • Etienne's address • their house

The sentence refers to "artistic efforts" of Claude Monet
On the GMAT, we can use "of Monet" or "Monet's," but not both.

• B: [the garden became...] the focal point of Claude Monet's, one of the French Impressionists
Correct: the garden became the focal point of Claude Monet
Correct: the garden became Claude Monet's focal point
WRONG: using both OF and Monet'S

• D) artistic endeavors of Claude Monet's
Same problem as that in B

Eliminate B and D

Split #2: MISPLACED MODIFIERS

In general, a noun modifier should be as close as possible to the noun it modifies
The modification must make sense. These modifiers are appositives.

Appositives
• an appositive renames or gives more information about a noun that is right next to the appositive
Every answer contains an appositive.
Ex: Jenna, a frustrated consumer, spoke with Susan P., a customer service representative.

Bob the cat, my father's only pet, likes anchovies.

A) one of the French Impressionists incorrectly modifies endeavors
An endeavor is not a French Impressionist painter

E) Claude Monet's endeavors incorrectly modifies the French Impressionists.
French Impressionists (artists) are not endeavors.

By POE, the correct answer is C

Check (C)

Strip the sentence.
The garden at G. became the focal point of the artistic efforts of Monet, [who was] one of the French Impressionists.

The phrase one of the French Impressionists is an appositive phrase that correctly modifies Monet
-- Claude Monet was indeed a French Impressionist
-- I have inserted "who was" to demonstrate what the APPOSITIVE structure implies

A special garden became the focal point of artistic works of Monet, [who was] one of the French Impressionists.
That works.

ANSWER C

P.S. the garden at Giverny
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In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2018, 10:06
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# In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the garden at Giverny

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