Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 27 May 2017, 09:17

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 75
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 300 [0], given: 0

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2009, 00:33
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

74% (01:57) correct 26% (01:15) wrong based on 1861 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 03 Sep 2015, 11:22, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 62
WE 1: Deloitte 3 yrs
WE 2: Prok going on
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 2

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2011, 03:38
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

So first of all it does not sound good . If it were like

"enzymes are trying...." or like then it would have need our consideration. SO A, B are wrong and we have to use attempt.

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant (Wordy as attempt to try to...its like saying repeating again )
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it (Wordy)
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

E is clear winner and it has to be the OA.
_________________

Akhil Mittal

I have not failed. I've just found 10000 ways that won't work. Thomas A. Edison

If my post was helpful to you then encourage me by your kudos

Senior Manager
Joined: 11 May 2011
Posts: 363
Location: US
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 102 [4] , given: 46

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2012, 01:55
4
KUDOS
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'
_________________

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What you do TODAY is important because you're exchanging a day of your life for it!
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 860

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jan 2013, 23:36
Doing vs noun, trying, attempt
Doing is used when creator of doing thi ro rang
Doing is used when there is noun,
My learning is good.

Noun is used to refer to general action. Posseive +noun is used to show the creator of action because noun is general.
if noun exist (attempt) never use possessive+doing.
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species (og problem)

pls comment
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 484
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 362

Kudos [?]: 2028 [1] , given: 82

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2013, 02:31
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi thangvietnam,

In the question you mentioned correct answer is (C)

Option (B) has meaning error-- As per the sentence the imposition is on

1) Truck
2) Bus Engine's polution

Actually the imposition is on pollution by engines of both truck and bus, making (B) incorrect

Both of the modified options below are correct

(B) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting

Hope it helps.

Vercules
_________________

Manager
Joined: 07 Mar 2012
Posts: 51
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit
GMAT Date: 09-13-2013
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 302 [4] , given: 59

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2013, 09:53
4
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E
_________________

Remember that potential unused turns into pain. So dedicate yourself to expressing your best.

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2217

Kudos [?]: 7757 [0], given: 291

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Dec 2013, 10:17
Mission2012 wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Hi Experts,

the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

Hi there,

You are correct in saying that the plural verb "are" indicates that "that" refers to enzymes. The meaning is that dioxin induces something: what does it induce? It induces the production of enzymes. These enzymes are the organism's attempt to metabolize the chemical or render it harmless. I agree that it would be more logical to infer that the production of the enzymes should be the entity being modified, but from the intended meaning of the sentence, it is clear that "that are" refers to enzymes since this part is not underlined.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 220
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 47

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jan 2014, 14:12
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

Meaning is key here. What is the intended meaning of the author? To tell us that the body produces something specific with the intent to protect from dioxin.

Since we have the possesive "organism's", we need to introduce our underlined part with a word that works with monkey's. "trying to/that" simply does not work. A/B gone.

C) "attempt to try to metabolize" is just weird and wordy. The "to try to" is reduntant, we already get the point if we omit the "to try". C is a contender, but a weak one. "such" at the end is superflous.

D) "attempt to try and metabolize" sounds even worse than C because and somehow implies a parallel structure, something that doesn't make sense in the context. D is gone.

E) "attempt to metabolize" is clear and concise. The chemical irritant implicitly refers to the dioxin, since "chemical irritant" acts as a pronoun for dioxin. E is correct
Intern
Joined: 07 Jul 2014
Posts: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 3

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2014, 13:18
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant[/quote]

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now[/quote]

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN
Manager
Joined: 18 Nov 2013
Posts: 81
Location: India
GMAT Date: 12-26-2014
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 7

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2014, 02:43
LaxmiReddy wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
Quote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

What he means to say is, since the sentence consists of "...organism's", the next word following "organism's" should be a noun. Here, "trying" is not a noun, but "attempt" is. Hope that is clear.
Intern
Joined: 23 Jan 2014
Posts: 5
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT Date: 04-01-2015
GPA: 3.3
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 96

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jan 2015, 00:58
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

ANS - OA is E .

Lets eliminate incorrect option .

A. organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .

B. organism’s trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .
" Trying " will always take "to"
this answer has 2 mistakes .

C. organism’s attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant .
It is redundant and awkward . either it should be attempt to metabolize or try to metabolize.
both "try and attempt " at a same time redunt .

D. organism’s attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it .
Incorrect idomatic . To try and metabolize is wrong . to try to is right .

E. organism’s attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Correct .
Current Student
Joined: 25 Sep 2012
Posts: 294
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 680 Q48 V34
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 147 [0], given: 242

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2015, 12:17
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Received a PM to clarify the reference of 'it' in this sentence.

'It' in choices A & D should logically refer to 'organism's' but grammatically, this reference is not possible because 'it' is a pronoun that can only refer to a noun. However, 'organism's' is not a noun. It functions as an adjective. It modifies 'attempt'. Hence, pronoun 'it' cannot refer to 'organism's'. These two choices can be eliminated on this incorrect pronoun reference.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

shouldn't the article be 'a' rather than 'the' in the correct version? We are not referring to a particular chemical irritant
Manager
Joined: 19 Mar 2015
Posts: 81
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 11

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2015, 08:34
b2bt wrote:
shouldn't the article be 'a' rather than 'the' in the correct version? We are not referring to a particular chemical irritant

"a" and "the", which are called "articles" are not tested on GMAT. So, we should not base our decision based on the article.

Also, the original sentence uses "the" and so, we should change it only when it is absolutely essential.
Intern
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 5

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2015, 12:04
Hi,

Can somebody tell me whether organism's used here is singular or plural?
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 896
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Followers: 58

Kudos [?]: 1436 [0], given: 302

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Sep 2015, 11:24
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Eliminate A and B. The "-ing" form of a verb can be used as a noun (e.g. running is her favorite sport), but it is often awkward, particularly when used with a possessive, as in this case.

Eliminate C and D for redundancy: attempt to try = redundant.

E it is.
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Senior Manager
Status: Always try to face your worst fear because nothing GOOD comes easy. You must be UNCOMFORTABLE to get to your COMFORT ZONE
Joined: 15 Aug 2014
Posts: 365
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 570 Q44 V25
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 472

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2016, 10:14
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Dear Experts,

Can "it" in option B refer to organism?

_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

I need to work on timing badly!!

Manager
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 224
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 32

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2017, 17:03
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Intern
Joined: 24 Apr 2016
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 35

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2017, 15:55
Hi,
What wrong with"it" in A
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3846
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 822

Kudos [?]: 6333 [0], given: 324

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 May 2017, 12:51
Top Contributor
What is the singular noun the pronoun 'it' stands for? There is no eligible referent. That is the problem.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Manager
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 143
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 14

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2017, 11:44
LaxmiReddy wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
Quote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

I answered this question incorrectly the first time. Whenever a present participle has a noun form ("trying" --> "attempt/try"), the noun form should be used instead of the present participle. "Attempt to try" is redundant and thus incorrect. So E is the answer.
Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species   [#permalink] 14 May 2017, 11:44

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
26 As virtually all the nation's 50 busiest airports are 21 09 May 2017, 12:20
26 A similar type of construction can be found in every Romance 26 05 Nov 2016, 22:38
8 Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, 9 12 Jul 2015, 17:12
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species 0 14 May 2017, 11:44
14 The number of plant and animal species that humans are known 15 27 Aug 2016, 08:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by