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Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya

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Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2009, 12:39
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A
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C
D
E

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Question Stats:

53% (01:09) correct 47% (01:22) wrong based on 142 sessions

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Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Aryan invaders from the northwest speaking an Indo-European language from which most of the languages of Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh descend or that it was militarily vulnerable.

A. that it was militarily vulnerable.
B. had militarily vulnerability.
C. was militarily vulnerable.
D. militarily vulnerable.
E. was it militarily vulnerable.

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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2009, 13:39
A. that it was militarily vulnerable.
B. had militarily vulnerability. [Awkward]
C. was militarily vulnerable.
D. militarily vulnerable.
E. was it militarily vulnerable.
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2009, 15:10
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I picked C. This is my explanation!! As you already know, the proper usage of idiom is Either X or Y, right? Well, as you can see X and Y should be parallel to each other. for instance, if X is a noun Y should be a noun, as well.
"was either in decline when it ....... or......" is our question. When I look at the answer choices, I don't see any parallel structure as I expected like "was either in decline when it ....... or in......... ". So, since you already eliminated the other choices I'll just explain why D is wrong for me. in decline.. and military vulnerable are not same structures. Therefore, D is just gone. As for C, even though it's not a perfect construction, grammatically it's correct since it shows a parallel structure as a sentence whole: "was either in decline when it ....... or was...."

So the OA is right.
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2009, 21:13
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D is definitely parallel.

Either X(in decline) OR Y(militarily vulnerable)

Here WAS verb is shared by both X and Y. So WAS is not needed in Y.

I will definitely vote for D.

If C were to be the ans, then the sentence should have been

Indus civilization EITHER was in decline.........OR was militarily vulnerable.

What is the source of the question. I doubt it is a GMAT question.
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2009, 12:23
It's hard to tell what the author wants to express. "Indus civilization was either in decline or militarily vulnerable when . . ." is one option. Another is "Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed . . . or when it was military vulnerable."

The latter suggests that Indus civilization was in decline more than once, and this stage occured when it was destroyed or militarily weak. The first option sounds closer to what the author intended, I think.

The answer depends on how you interpret the author's intended meaning. The first interpretation leads you to D, while the seconds results in C.
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2009, 14:20
I think only these two constructs are idiomatically correct to make good sense with tense as well.

was either...or was.....
either was.....or.....

Try them on any example sentences with "either or" and check for yourselves.

C should be the right answer.
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2018, 23:09
Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Aryan invaders from
the northwest speaking an Indo-European language from which most of the languages
of Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh descend or that it was militarily
vulnerable.
A. that it was militarily vulnerable.
B. had militarily vulnerability.
C. was militarily vulnerable.
D. militarily vulnerable.
E. was it militarily vulnerable.


This one should be D right?
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Re: Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2018, 23:09
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Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Arya

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