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# Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1

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Intern
Joined: 31 May 2017
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Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 13:20
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32% (01:42) correct 68% (01:39) wrong based on 121 sessions

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Is a < b?

(1) |a – b| = b – a
(2) a/b < 1
Intern
Joined: 31 May 2017
Posts: 8
Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.74
Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 13:27
2

Is a < b?
I. |a – b| = b – a
II. a/b < 1

I. |a-b| = b-a means b-a ≥ 0, or b ≥ a.
So a<b or a=b are both satisfactory answers => Insufficient

II. a/b<1, implying that b different than 0. We have two cases: if b > 0 then a < b, and if b < 0, then a > b => Insufficient

Both Statement together are sufficient to get to the conclusion a < b, answer C
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51218
Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 22:16
mahdwen wrote:

Is a < b?
I. |a – b| = b – a
II. a/b < 1

I. |a-b| = b-a means b-a ≥ 0, or b ≥ a.
So a<b or a=b are both satisfactory answers => Insufficient

II. a/b<1, implying that b different than 0. We have two cases: if b > 0 then a < b, and if b < 0, then a > b => Insufficient

Both Statement together are sufficient to get to the conclusion a < b, answer C

Thst's correct.

Check more questions to practice:

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PS Abolute Values Questions to practice: http://gmatclub.com/forum/search.php?se ... &tag_id=58

Hard set on Abolute Values: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequality-an ... 86939.html
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 03:24
Can someone please explain why the answer is not Option A.

I know why statement 2 is insufficient as the case changes for positive and negative numbers.
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 06:03
1
Can someone please explain why the answer is not Option A.

I know why statement 2 is insufficient as the case changes for positive and negative numbers.

(1) |a – b| = b – a. So, |a – b| = -(a - b), which means that $$a \leq b$$. So, a could be equal to b (answer NO) as well as a could be less than b (answer YES). Not sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 10:37
Bunuel wrote:
Can someone please explain why the answer is not Option A.

I know why statement 2 is insufficient as the case changes for positive and negative numbers.

(1) |a – b| = b – a. So, |a – b| = -(a - b), which means that $$a \leq b$$. So, a could be equal to b (answer NO) as well as a could be less than b (answer YES). Not sufficient.

Hope it's clear.

Oh I forgot the equal possibility. Thanks.
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 18:51
Hi,
Why B is not sufficient.. given a/b<1 => a<b.. which is what we are trying to prove right.. or am I missing something more fundamental in inequalities?
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 21:53
1
sasidharrs wrote:
Hi,
Why B is not sufficient.. given a/b<1 => a<b.. which is what we are trying to prove right.. or am I missing something more fundamental in inequalities?

We cannot multiply b on both sides as we do not know the sign on 'b'.
Never multiply/divide on both sides unless you are sure of the sign. When positive its the way you put it, if negative the inequality sign changes.
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 22:09
sasidharrs wrote:
Hi,
Why B is not sufficient.. given a/b<1 => a<b.. which is what we are trying to prove right.. or am I missing something more fundamental in inequalities?

Hi

In case of inequalities, you cannot multiply or divide both sides by a variable until and unless you know the sign of that variable (positive or negative)

So if you are given: a/b < 1 you will have to take both the cases:

Case 1. b is positive. In this case, we will multiply both sides by b, and since b is positive, the sign of inequality will Not change. So
a/b * b < 1*b or a < b

Case 2. b is negative. In this case, we will multiply both sides by b, and since b is negative, the sign of inequality Will change. So
a/b * b > 1*b or a > b

Hope this helps
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Joined: 12 Oct 2017
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 01:19
(1) |a – b| = b – a => |a – b| = -a + b = - (a-b) => a-b ≤ 0 => insufficient
(2) a/b = 1 => (a-b)/ b < 0. We have 2 cases: b<0 and a<b or b>0 and a>b => insufficient

(1) + (2) => a-b <0 => a <b => sufficient. Hence, the answer is C
----

Kindly press +1 kudos if the explanation is clear!
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Re: Is a < b? (1) |a – b| = b – a (2) a/b < 1 &nbs [#permalink] 01 Nov 2017, 01:19
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