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Is positive integer x prime?

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Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2015, 09:00
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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2015, 09:31
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Bunuel wrote:
Is positive integer x prime?

(1) x^2 has exactly three factors
(2) x^3 has fewer than five factors


Kudos for a correct solution.


1) If \(x^2\) has exactly 3 factors, the x must be a prime number. Factors of \(x^2\) would be 1, x, and \(x^2\). Pick 2. \(x^2\)=4. Factors are 1, 2, 4.

2) if you take a prime number, then the total number of factors of \(x^3\) is 4, but if you take 1, which is positive but not a prime number the number of factors is also smaller than 5. Not sufficient.

Answer A.
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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2015, 05:27
Bunuel wrote:
Is positive integer x prime?

(1) x^2 has exactly three factors
(2) x^3 has fewer than five factors


Kudos for a correct solution.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Solution: A

Start with Statement (1). Try to find a few numbers that have exactly three factors, such as 4, 9, 25, 49, etc. Notice a pattern? Any number with exactly three factors MUST be a prime number squared. The logic behind this: any integer greater than 1 must have at least two factors, itself and 1. Notice how those factors multiply together to give you the number itself? Any factor of a number must multiply by a different factor of that number directly to give you the number itself, UNLESS that factor is the number’s square root, in which case it multiples by itself to give you the original number without adding another factor. So if an integer has exactly three factors, it has itself, 1, and its square root, which must be prime, since if it weren’t it would add additional factors when squared. SUFFICIENT. Statement (2) isn’t helpful, as x could be 1, which isn’t prime, or 2, which is. (A).
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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2016, 21:38
St1. x^2 has three total factors means that they are: x, x^2, 1. So x has only two factors, so prime. SUFF

St2. x^3 has < five total factors means that if x was prime they would be: x, x^2, x^3, 1. Should not forget x=1 when we have 1 factor. INSUFF

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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2016, 14:30
Statement 1 says x^2 has 3 factors which is only possible if x is a prime number and x^2 is prime number squared . It would have 3 factors - 1,x,x^2 So sufficient
Statement 2 says x^3 has fewer than 5 factors . If x = 1 then given integer is prime but the answer to given question is NO. But if we consider x = 2 then answer to given question is YES. so insufficient
Correct Answer - A
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Re: Is positive integer x prime?  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2018, 09:25
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Re: Is positive integer x prime? &nbs [#permalink] 17 Apr 2018, 09:25
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