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Is x positive? [#permalink]
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28 Jul 2012, 19:39
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Is x positive? (1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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28 Jul 2012, 20:46
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jayoptimist wrote: Is X positive?
1) 1/(x+1) < 1 2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. Hi For statement 1: x can be +ve or ve for positive ( 1,2 ) canbe true for negative values (3) satisfies the condition, hence 1 is insufficient for statement 2: (x1) is a perfect square hence positive => x1>0 or x>1, hence positive Thus correct answer is B
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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29 Jul 2012, 01:02
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jayoptimist wrote: Is x positive?
(1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. We can not multiple \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) by \(x+1\) since we don't know whether this expression (\(x+1\)) is positive or negative, for the first case we should keep the same sign but for the second case we should flip the sign (when multiplying by negative number we should flip the sign of the inequity). Is x positive?(1) 1/(x+1) < 1. If \(x=10\) then the answer is YES, but if \(x=10\) then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. Or if you want to solve this inequality then: \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) > \(1\frac{1}{x+1}>0\) > \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\) > \(x>0\) or \(x<1\), hence \(x\) could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient. (2) (x1) is a perfect square. Given: \(x1=\{perfect \ square\}\) > \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1\). Now, since perfect square is more than or equal to zero, then \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1=nonnegative+1=positive\). Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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10 Jan 2013, 02:34
Bunuel wrote: jayoptimist wrote: Is x positive?
(1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. We can not multiple \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) by \(x+1\) since we don't know whether this expression (\(x+1\)) is positive or negative, for the first case we should keep the same sign but for the second case we should flip the sign (when multiplying by negative number we should flip the sign of the inequity). Is x positive?(1) 1/(x+1) < 1. If \(x=10\) then the answer is YES, but if \(x=10\) then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. Or if you want to solve this inequality then: \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) > \(1\frac{1}{x+1}>0\) > \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\) > \(x>0\) or \(x<1\), hence \(x\) could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient. (2) (x1) is a perfect square. Given: \(x1=\{perfect \ square\}\) > \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1\). Now, since perfect square is more than or equal to zero, then \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1=nonnegative+1=positive\). Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear. Bunuel, How did you arrive at x<1 in the explanation below? "\frac{x}{x+1}>0 > x>0 or x<1, hence x could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient."



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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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10 Jan 2013, 04:16
jgomey wrote: Bunuel wrote: jayoptimist wrote: Is x positive?
(1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. We can not multiple \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) by \(x+1\) since we don't know whether this expression (\(x+1\)) is positive or negative, for the first case we should keep the same sign but for the second case we should flip the sign (when multiplying by negative number we should flip the sign of the inequity). Is x positive?(1) 1/(x+1) < 1. If \(x=10\) then the answer is YES, but if \(x=10\) then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. Or if you want to solve this inequality then: \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) > \(1\frac{1}{x+1}>0\) > \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\) > \(x>0\) or \(x<1\), hence \(x\) could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient. (2) (x1) is a perfect square. Given: \(x1=\{perfect \ square\}\) > \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1\). Now, since perfect square is more than or equal to zero, then \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1=nonnegative+1=positive\). Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear. Bunuel, How did you arrive at x<1 in the explanation below? "\frac{x}{x+1}>0 > x>0 or x<1, hence x could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient." We have \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\). The roots are 1, and 0 (equate the expressions to zero to get the roots and list them in ascending order), this gives us 3 ranges: \(x<1\), \(1<x<0\), and \(x>0\). Now, test some extreme value: for example if \(x\) is very large number then all two terms (x and x+1) will be positive which gives the positive result for the whole expression, so when \(x>0\) the expression is positive. Now the trick: as in the 3rd range expression is positive then in 2rd it'll be negative and finally in 1st it'll be positive again: +  +. So, the ranges when the expression is positive are: \(x<1\) (1st range) and \(x>0\) (3rd range). For more check: x24x94661.html#p731476inequalitiestrick91482.htmleverythingislessthanzero108884.html?hilit=extreme#p868863xyplane71492.html?hilit=solving%20quadratic#p841486Hope it helps.
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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11 Jan 2013, 18:33
The light bulb clicked!!!!
Got it so the condition is met for all numbers less than 1 or greater than 0, but any number between 0 and 1 (Fraction) will result in a negative number.
But even without thinking about the possibility of a fraction, Statement 1 is insufficient because x>0 or x<1 right?
I know this is a silly, but I didn't realize I could find the roots by doing this:
x/x+1>0
so
x=0
and
x+1=0...x=1
Is my thinking correct?



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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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21 Dec 2016, 06:14
1/X+1<1 1/x+11<0
On simplification we get x/x+1>0 this mean both numerator and denominator has same sign this can be both positive or negative ns
statement 2 is clearly sufficient



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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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21 Apr 2017, 19:59
1) 1/(X+1) <1; For this to happen, mod of X+1 should be greater than 1 X+1>1> X<0 or X>2 Not Sufficient
2) (X1) is a perfect square. A perfect Sq is always positive. So X1>0 > X>1 Sufficient



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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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27 Jun 2017, 13:00
Hi VeritasPrepKarishma, Can you simplify Statement  1 by Solving inequality method (not the one which involves number plugging) As per my understanding {x/(x+1)} >0 will give me x>0 and x not equal to 1 ... Can you please help me understand where I am faltering ? Thank you so much
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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27 Jun 2017, 21:28
mihir0710 wrote: Hi VeritasPrepKarishma, Can you simplify Statement  1 by Solving inequality method (not the one which involves number plugging) As per my understanding {x/(x+1)} >0 will give me x>0 and x not equal to 1 ... Can you please help me understand where I am faltering ? Thank you so much To solve inequalities with factors, we can use the wavy method. It is discussed in detail in these posts: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/0 ... efactors/https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/0 ... nsparti/https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/0 ... spartii/The logic remains the same even when factors are divided. The sign changes in the same way. Just that when you have division, denominator cannot be 0. So when you draw this on number line, you get that either x > 0 or x < 1
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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13 May 2018, 12:32
Bunuel wrote: jayoptimist wrote: Is x positive?
(1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. We can not multiple \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) by \(x+1\) since we don't know whether this expression (\(x+1\)) is positive or negative, for the first case we should keep the same sign but for the second case we should flip the sign (when multiplying by negative number we should flip the sign of the inequity). Is x positive?(1) 1/(x+1) < 1. If \(x=10\) then the answer is YES, but if \(x=10\) then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. Or if you want to solve this inequality then: \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) > \(1\frac{1}{x+1}>0\) > \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\) > \(x>0\) or \(x<1\), hence \(x\) could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient. (2) (x1) is a perfect square. Given: \(x1=\{perfect \ square\}\) > \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1\). Now, since perfect square is more than or equal to zero, then \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1=nonnegative+1=positive\). Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear. Is 0 a perfect square? Or is it just 1^2 and above?



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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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13 May 2018, 12:39
thinkpad18 wrote: Bunuel wrote: jayoptimist wrote: Is x positive?
(1) 1/(x+1) < 1 (2) (x1) is a perfect square.
What is wrong with the following line of thought for condition 1
1/(x+1) < 1 1 < (x+1)
1 1 < x+11
0 < x Hence x>0. We can not multiple \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) by \(x+1\) since we don't know whether this expression (\(x+1\)) is positive or negative, for the first case we should keep the same sign but for the second case we should flip the sign (when multiplying by negative number we should flip the sign of the inequity). Is x positive?(1) 1/(x+1) < 1. If \(x=10\) then the answer is YES, but if \(x=10\) then the answer is NO. Not sufficient. Or if you want to solve this inequality then: \(\frac{1}{x+1}< 1\) > \(1\frac{1}{x+1}>0\) > \(\frac{x}{x+1}>0\) > \(x>0\) or \(x<1\), hence \(x\) could be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient. (2) (x1) is a perfect square. Given: \(x1=\{perfect \ square\}\) > \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1\). Now, since perfect square is more than or equal to zero, then \(x=\{perfect \ square\}+1=nonnegative+1=positive\). Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear. Is 0 a perfect square? Or is it just 1^2 and above? 0 = 0^2, so 0 is a perfect square.
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Re: Is x positive? [#permalink]
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14 May 2018, 08:31
Miscalculated a case of zero.
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