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John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable

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John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 03:15
1
2
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A
B
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D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

16% (01:53) correct 84% (01:51) wrong based on 123 sessions

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John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable of developing large man-muscles, unless they start injecting themselves with certain chemicals. This should come as a wake-up call for women who avoid heavy weights and often like to stick to just cardio workouts or extremely light weights for fear of becoming "bulky."

Sheryl: While that may be true, workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue. It’s best if women avoid lifting heavy weights.

How does Sheryl respond to John’s argument?

A. She agrees with John’s conclusion but presents a fact which could weaken that conclusion.
B. She disagrees with John’s conclusion and shares a general observation in order to refute it.
C. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John but disagrees with his conclusion.
D. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John and adds a theory of her own to support it.
E. She agrees with a fact shared by John but presents another fact to arrive at a conclusion different from John’s.
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 05:33
E seems good here : She agrees with a fact shared by John but presents another fact to arrive at a conclusion different from John’s.


kindly share the source
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 12:30
This is a GMAT style question created by me.
Let me explain why E is wrong.

The first part of E is correct - "She agrees with a fact shared by John."

But the second part of E - "but presents another fact to arrive at a conclusion different from John’s" isn't, because Sheryl doesn't present a fact. She presents a general observation that "workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue."

That's also the reason why B is the correct answer choice here.
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 23:39
Quote:
because Sheryl doesn't present a fact. She presents a general observation that "workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue."


this is not correct.
"workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue." ---->is a fact stated by Sheryl .
any argument is based on fact .BTW have u ever found any OG questions that differentiate between "general observation" and "facts" .on a more pragmatic note even if u r basing ur argument on "general observation" then that "general observation" is effectively a "fact"

just to add one more point : if u r really classifying that as an "observation" and not as a "fact" then u r effectively saying that Sheryl has presented her conclusion without even presenting a "fact", a situation which GMAC will never do .case in point: pick up any OG CR to see the pattern of arguments made by GMAC

Also GMAC never plays with words they play with the logic !!
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2014, 01:06
My answer is E.
Sheryl disagrees with John's conclusion but not the fact presented by John.
Sheryl introduces another fact that goes against John's conclusion.
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2014, 08:17
prashantpareek wrote:
Hi Folks

Another CR question for you to attempt. Will be posting the correct answer choice later.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable of developing large man-muscles, unless they start injecting themselves with certain chemicals. This should come as a wake-up call for women who avoid heavy weights and often like to stick to just cardio workouts or extremely light weights for fear of becoming "bulky."

Sheryl: While that may be true, workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue. It’s best if women avoid lifting heavy weights.

How does Sheryl respond to John’s argument?

A. She agrees with John’s conclusion but presents a fact which could weaken that conclusion.
B. She disagrees with John’s conclusion and shares a general observation in order to refute it.
C. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John but disagrees with his conclusion.
D. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John and adds a theory of her own to support it.
E. She agrees with a fact shared by John but presents another fact to arrive at a conclusion different from John’s.

Regards
Prashant


This question is Method of reasoning type as per Logical Reasoning Bible.

John:
Premise:New research indicates that women are biologically not capable of developing large man-muscles, unless they start injecting themselves with certain chemicals.
Conlusion: This should come as a wake-up call for women who avoid heavy weights and often like to stick to just cardio workouts or extremely light weights for fear of becoming "bulky."
i.e Conclusion is: Women should use heavy weigths.

Sheryl:
Premise:While that may be true, workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue.
Conclucion: It’s best if women avoid lifting heavy weights.

i.e Basically this is what both of them say:
John: Women should use heavy weights
Sheryl: Women should avoid heavy weights. i.e Sheryl doesn't agree with John. So look for this in the answer choices.

Only option B fits our reasoning above, so (B) is the correct answer here.

Choice E says that Sheryl arrives at a different conclusion than John but this doesn't mean that she disagrees with John. Whereas, Choice B is better since it tell us that Sheryl disagrees with John.
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 02:55
How would you differentiate between a fact and general observation? Normally we consider every statement in an argument as a fact.
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Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 21:36
Hello there,

For this question, I feel that the answer should be E, since Sheryl agrees with John on the fact that women do not bulk up, but presents another fact for which why women should avoid lifting heavy weights. Pls provide an answer for this question and the explanation for why that particular answer choice is correct. Thank you

Question:


John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable of developing large man-muscles, unless they start injecting themselves with certain chemicals. This should come as a wake-up call for women who avoid heavy weights and often like to stick to just cardio workouts or extremely light weights for fear of becoming "bulky."

Sheryl: While that may be true, workouts involving heavy weights invariably lead to higher consumption of steroids which give rise to more muscle tissue. It???s best if women avoid lifting heavy weights.

How does Sheryl respond to John???s argument?

A. She agrees with John???s conclusion but presents a fact which could weaken that conclusion.
B. She disagrees with John???s conclusion and shares a general observation in order to refute it.
C. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John but disagrees with his conclusion.
D. She agrees with an implication of the finding shared by John and adds a theory of her own to support it.
E. She agrees with a fact shared by John but presents another fact to arrive at a conclusion different from John???s
GMAT Club Bot
Re: John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2018, 21:36
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John: New research indicates that women are biologically not capable

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